Thinking Critically Questions Chapter Six
... work and criminal investigation will
significantly raise clearance rates
or lower the crime rate? Explain.
Does enforcing traffic laws also reduce
criminal activity? If so, in what way.
Mass Incarceration as the New Jim Crow
... U.S. prison population between 1980 and 2006, from 350,000 to 2.3 million,
reflects changes in laws and policies rather than an increase in crime rates, and the
• convictions for non-violent and minor crimes, particularly the
possession of drugs rather than their sale, which explain ...
Police Efforts to Address Street-Level Drug Markets
... This is a shortened version; the full presentation can be found at
What has research taught us about effective street-level drug enforcement strategies?
There is often a gap between the tactics regularly used by the police and those that have been shown to be
PDF English - Drug Policy Alliance
... The drug control regime that emerged during the last century has proven disastrous for global health,
security and human rights. Focused overwhelmingly on criminalization and punishment, it created a
vast illicit market that has enriched criminal organizations, corrupted governments, triggered explo ...
History of Drugs
... Integrating both abstinence and Harm Reduction model =
services run different programs = indication for
sevices/interventions depend on:
— good assassment of individual client situation = case
management – work with a care plan in the community
— Possibility of (clients) choice
Client has a right to ...
History of Drugs
... “The urgent need to respond to the threat of HIV and AIDS has radically
altered the drugs agenda. The rhetoric of United States and some other
countries may continue to promote the discredited ideals of the “war against
drugs” and “zero tolerance”, but living with drugs has now become an
... affect trends in criminal/drug offences?
How is a ‘drug user’ defined by other
drug users (as belonging) and by nondrug users (as deviant)?
Is there a typical drug offender?
... This report synthesizes the findings of a review of the structure and
performance of the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities
Act (SDFSCA) and assesses options for strengthening it. As part of
this study, a conference was held at which practitioners, researchers,
and government officials consi ...
Drugs and Crime
... have found that some individuals
commit crimes after becoming addicted
► Studies have also found that many abusers
were committing crimes before beginning
drug usage. During periods of addiction,
crimes tended to increase considerably,
referred to as “on a run.”
Social Dimensions of Health Institute
... This seminar will focus on the entrance and exit process of criminal life.
It will also provide an opportunity to explore this complex social
problem: youth involvement in drug trafficking gangs. For society’s
majority they are lost cases in a lost generation and for them there are
just two ways: pr ...
Chapter 9 Lecture Notes Page
... Drugs and Other Social Problems
• Family Life – codependency, parental addiction,
child neglect, family violence
• Health Problems - damage organs and influence
• Homelessness – drug and alcohol use common
• Crime – violent offenders under the influence
• Global Poverty – illegal drugs ...
- iii - PREFACE
... The Drug Policy Research Center, a joint endeavor of RAND Criminal
Justice and RAND Health, was established in 1989 to conduct the
empirical research, policy analysis, and outreach needed to help
community leaders and public officials develop more effective strategies
for dealing with drug problems. ...
Calumet College of St. Joseph Drug and Alcohol Policy (For all
... Drug and Alcohol Policy
(For all Students, Faculty, Salaried and Hourly Staff)
Calumet College of St. Joseph is committed to maintaining a drug and alcohol–free
workplace. CCSJ will provide a safe and productive work environment for its staff and
Drug and Alcohol-Free Workplace Policy
“Taking Control: Pathways to Drug Policies that Work”
... drug control regime. Governments need to establish clear plans and timelines
to remove the domestic and international obstacles to such provision. They
also should provide the necessary funding for an international program – to be
overseen by the World Health Organization (WHO) and developed in
GA-1323 (Item for Reflection and Research) INCARCERATION
... This is shown to be due in large part to the federal government’s “War on Drugs”, 1 and
how that has negatively impacted our most disadvantaged populations. According to
section 2.4 of the Special Rules of Procedure for the General Assembly, the
Administrative Committee would work with the submitter ...
Zero tolerance policing - Office of Crime Statistics and Research
... police will not ignore minor crime and disorder but will specifically pay attention to so
called ‘sub-criminal’ and/or ‘quality of life’ offences such as public drinking, public
urinating, graffiti, vandalism, begging and vagrancy. Often underpinning this approach
is a belief in the ‘broken windows’ ...
Combating Narco Terrorism
... In the United States alone (the number one importer of FARC cocaine), the national
death toll due to drug use in 2000 was close to 20,000 people – an increase of over 16% from the
previous year. Barely ten years later, deaths from drug use claimed over 37,000 lives nationwide
in 2009, outnumbering t ...
... examiners nationwide. A completely different strategy is Pulse Check, sponsored by the Office of National
Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), which reports efforts by researchers to collect information from
ethnographers, local and federal law enforcement officers, and drug treatment service providers.
U.S. Constitution Quiz
... Level 1-A: minimum security, pre-release
Level 1-B: short sentences, approaching release
Level 2: medium, security
Level 3: high security
94% male; about 2/3’s A-A; mean age of 33;
almost half under 30
• Cost about $40/day or $15k/yr
• One of the highest incarceration rates in nation,
but little inc ...
If you are a victim of crime
... If you are a taxpayer you will pick up part of the annual £15.4bn
bill for the crime and health costs generated by people buying and
using Class A drugs such as heroin and crack
If you are a victim of crime there is a strong chance it will be
drug-related. Estimates suggest that between a third and ...
A zero tolerance policy imposes automatic punishment for infractions of a stated rule, with the intention of eliminating undesirable conduct. Zero-tolerance policies forbid persons in positions of authority from exercising discretion or changing punishments to fit the circumstances subjectively; they are required to impose a pre-determined punishment regardless of individual culpability, extenuating circumstances, or history. This pre-determined punishment need not be severe, but it is always meted out.Zero-tolerance policies are studied in criminology and are common in formal and informal policing systems around the world. The policies also appear in informal situations where there may be sexual harassment or Internet misuse in educational and workplace environments.Little evidence supports the claimed effectiveness of zero-tolerance policies. One underlying problem is that there are a great many reasons why people hesitate to intervene, or to report behavior they find to be unacceptable or unlawful. Zero-tolerance policies address, at best, only a few of these reasons.