... This thesis utilised data from two different studies. Chapters 3, 5 and 6 used data from
the SRS, headed by Professor Francesca Happé and Professor Patrick Bolton [MRC grant
G0500870] and Chapters 3 and 6 used data from the TEDS headed by Professor Robert Plomin
[MRC grant G0901245, previously G0500 ...
An evaluation of the impact of the DSM-IV
... Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)) now subsumed under Autism Spectrum
Disorder diagnostic criteria in the DSM-5. The second study analyzed Autism Spectrum
Disorder symptoms reported by parents of high ability youth. Data collection for this
latter study included a novel research measure i ...
Identification of anxiety and other psychiatric disorders in
... The present thesis represents co-operation and efforts by many people. The essential
contribution made by primary carers and family members of individuals with autism and
intellectual disability is gratefully acknowledged. The project would not have been possible
without their participation and spen ...
Comparison of ICD-10R, DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 in an Adult
... symptoms of ASD but do not meet full criteria also contributes to disagreement between clinicians.
To address these problems, the Neurodevelopmental Disorders Workgroup, convened by the American
Psychiatric Association (APA), has proposed a number of
significant changes to the diagnostic criteria fo ...
Autism spectrum disorders : an epidemiological
... missions in life. Our sons are now married and we have two wonderful daughters-inlaw, Ruut and Anna. All of you are so very important in my life.
Our cute poodle Viivi has earned great thanks by staying loyally beside me and the
computer for more than eleven years.
Jouko – the man of my life and my ...
SIGN 145 • Assessment, diagnosis and interventions for autism
... SIGN guidelines are produced using a standard methodology that has been equality impact assessed to ensure that these equality
aims are addressed in every guideline. This methodology is set out in the current version of SIGN 50, our guideline manual, which
can be found at www.sign.ac.uk/guidelines/f ...
Interpersonal communication apprehension, topic
... pathology (Gerson et al., 2006). A biopsychosocial perspective is the best vantage
point from which to consider IBS because
it posits that an individual’s biology, actions,
and cognitions combine to impact IBS, with
early-life factors and one’s social and physical surroundings representing additiona ...
Comorbid Psychopathology in Autism Spectrum Disorder Comorbid
... that “while verbally intact patients may be reliably diagnosed with a comorbid mood
condition, clinicians may be reluctant to diagnose mood disorders in individuals with greater
communication impairment” (p. 64). The authors discussed how due to the challenges in
assessing mood disorders in individu ...
Autistic Traits and Abnormal Sensory Experiences in Adults Jamie Horder
... speciality of the participants, both of which been linked to
ASD traits in student populations (Baron-Cohen et al.
2001). Likewise, we recorded history of mental illness, and
migraines, both of which have been associated with selfreported sensory symptoms (Buse et al. 2012; Haigh et al.
2012). We me ...
Clinical case scenarios
... A significant proportion of adults with autism across the whole autistic spectrum
experience social and economic exclusion. Their condition is often overlooked
by healthcare, education and social care professionals, which creates barriers
to accessing the support and services they need to live indep ...
AUTISM: THE EFFECTS OF A LABEL ON SOCIAL ACCEPTABILITY
... autism. MR and Autistic disorder are becoming less comorbid as professionals become
comfortable differentiating between the impaired intellectual ability in MR and the social,
communicative, and behavioral impairment in Autistic disorder.
Millington, Szymanski, and Hanley-Maxwell (1994) conducted a ...
Repetitive Behaviors in Autism and Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder
... ADHD, TS, ODD or CD were included.
Although the sample includes children who met criteria
for various yet related disorders, this does not necessarily
hinder our analysis when applying the network approach.
In a network approach, disorders are not causal factors that
produce symptoms; instead, they ...
Autism diagnosis in children and young people Evidence Update
... Limitations discussed by the authors were that the results may not be generalisable outside of
California, that enrolment in the DDS is voluntary so it may not include all cases, and the
available data for variables was from databases that collect information for different purposes
than this study. ...
Avril V. Brereton 2008
... of speech. It can be either the immediate repetition of what has just been said, or the
delayed repetition of phrases. Some children repeat advertising jingles or large pieces
of dialogue, perhaps days later, from videos for no apparent reason. Echolalic speech
may serve some function, for example k ...
Autism Spectrum Disorder in Fragile X Syndrome
... impairment in social interaction. Symptoms of ASD appear in early childhood. It is a lifelong
disorder, although symptoms change over time. People with ASD have differences in how they
understand and react to people and social situations, which result from differences in how their
brains process soc ...
A Preliminary Study on the Early Detection of Pervasive
... language is present. Therefore, Stone et al suggest the following four criteria for a
“provisional” diagnosis of ASD at that age: three of the four social criteria (nonverbal
communication, joint attention, and emotional reciprocity, but not impaired peer
relationships), and language delay. Although ...
change in developmental quotient in toddlers
... 2000), including a lack of social awareness and inability to form appropriate social relationships,
peculiarities of language acquisition and use, and perseverative, stereotyped patterns of behavior or
routines. Additional observations are still considered key symptoms of autism, including lack of e ...
PROPOSAL_UPDATED - The Center for Discovery
... In the 2013 update to the 2009 Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC)
Strategic Plan, the following Aspirational Goal was included: “All people with ASD will have
the opportunity to lead self-determined lives in the community of their choice through school,
work, community participation, m ...
Invisible Disabilities: Stigma and belonging
... because they look so normal.
Other forms include disabilities like bi-polar disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenic or dyslexia. These are serious brain disorders
that are not visible to the naked eye. Someone may be told to ‘snap out of it’ if they are
Increasing Adequate Social Interactions Among People With and
... developmental deficits that produce impairments of personal, social, academic, or
occupational functioning (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Neurodevelopmental
disorders often co-occur in individuals (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
Intellectual disability, or intellectual developme ...
Sensory Differences Research Digest
... in general, the impact of sensory differences for autistic individuals is far more pervasive and
understanding these differences in each individual is even more crucial to understanding their
specific needs and behaviour (Schaaf & Lane, 2105)
Managing sensory differences provides one of the most ...
Evaluating a Picture Schedule Reinforcement System
... Table of Contents
Abstract ....................................................................................................................................... - 4 Introduction: ....................................................................................................................... ...
The effect of the DSM changes on autism
... providing us with new information about the disorder. “Autism is found in association
with many different levels of language impairment and social impairment, with variant
neural deficits and mental ages, and with a range of etiologies” (Waterhouse et al., 1996).
Autism relics as a widely interestin ...
The Swedish Version of the Ritvo Autism and
... In Britain, the prevalence of undiagnosed autistic adults
is found to be 1% (Brugha et al. 2009). This indicates
undiagnosed ASD is a major public health issue in England, and most likely in other countries as well. Since most
cases of ASD are diagnosed in childhood much effort has
been put into dev ...
Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders
... severe tantrums and self-injurious behaviour.
Many individuals with ASD are affected by other behavioural and
psychiatric problems. These are referred to as “Co-morbidities” and
Facilitated Communication (FC) is a technique used by some caregivers and educators in an attempt to assist people with severe communication disabilities. The technique involves pointing to letters on an alphabet board, keyboard or other device so that the person with the communication disability can communicate. The facilitator holds or gently touches the disabled person's arm or hand during this process. In addition to providing physical support needed for typing or pointing, the facilitator provides verbal prompts and moral support. In addition to human touch assistance, the facilitator's belief in their communication partner's ability to communicate seems to be a key component of the technique.There is widespread agreement within the scientific community and multiple disability advocacy organizations, that facilitators, not the person with the communication disability, are the source of messages obtained through FC. Most experts in the field consider FC to be an invalid form of communication that causes great risk to people with communication disabilities, their families and their caregivers. Scientific consensus is that FC is devoid of scientific plausibility and became discredited by the late 1990s. In 2015, Sweden banned the use of FC in special needs schools.