Towards a Sociology of Critique
... should be but what it can be, and clearly, critique can be a great many things. Very often,
critique has been employed in the course of great emancipatory movements such as those for
civil rights or humane working conditions or against violence, domination and exploitation.
Yet, there are more ambiv ...
Gandhi as a Postmodern Thinker
... was for him the village communities where a vast majority of Indians still live
today. In the villages Gandhi found people who “overflowed with faith” and
“whose wisdom was boundless.”5 Because of his confidence in these people,
he called for a dismantling of centralized state authority and a return ...
The critique of methodological nationalism: Theory and history
... contemporary social sciences. Methodological nationalism is generally recognized as a
sin, but we all become unintended sinners the very second we try to grasp the nationstate’s fundamental features and the problematic nature of its position in modernity.2 The
paradox of the current debate on method ...
Revisiting Cultural Relativism: Old Prospects for a
... through human universals and others—hopefully the majority of anthropologists—who are committed to the relativity of cultural beliefs and
social practices without abandoning social critique. The belief in human
universals is by no means new and surely is not restricted to anthropologists past and pr ...
Positivism, Postmodernism, or Critical Theory? A Case Study of
... However, such an interpretation of Marxian critique as pure immanent critique has
historically resulted in deterministic interpretations of history that have been historically
falsified. Therefore it has been stressed that Marxian critique also contains transcendental
elements (e.g. Lukes 1985, Saye ...
Animism Volume I Edited by Anselm Franke
... “back” into animism and an archaic past. The modern idea of animism
must appear then as a necessary result springing from the separation
between nature and culture, as a category that allowed the moderns to
name those who did not make the same distinction, those who assigned
social roles to non-huma ...
... economic activity and labor relations cannot help but transform
social relations throughout man’s life. One ramiﬁcation of alienation in the economic sphere is a general supersedure of personal
uniqueness by impersonality (non-personality, or de-humanization).
Alienation in Marx’s work needs to be u ...
... 'literature' is questioned by the post-structuralist strain in theory. However, the uncertainties and obscurities of contemporary theories
appear much less worrying when we see what the best critics have been able to do with them in practice. This series aims to disseminate
the best of recent
Theorizing Modernity and Technology
... theories, one finds theories of postmodernity, that hypothesize that we have already left (late)
modernity and have recently entered a new postmodern era (e.g., Jameson, 1991; Harvey, 1989).
Besides theories of particular eras in modernity, there are many studies of major
sociocultural, technologica ...
Walter D. Mignolo The Enduring Enchantment: (Or the Epistemic
... invention but rather the geopolitical order and the historical consequences
of such an invention. During the Renaissance the distinction between ‘‘les
ancients et les moderns’’ was established in European history itself. ‘‘Les
ancients’’ referred to Europe’s own past, while the ‘‘primitives’’ belong ...
Postmodern Anth-the paper - Dallas Baptist University
... rationalization, socio-economic differentiation, urbanization, and industrialization.
In this context, the dominant intellectual project is that which we associate with
the Enlightenment: the elaboration of the principles of an allegedly universal
rationality. In the form of positivist social scienc ...
UNIVERSITY OF PLYMOUTH
... populations. Meanwhile, in the developed world, there has been a decline in traditional
industries and a shift toward the service sector (i.e. economies based on finance and
leisure). This has heralded theories of ‘post-industrialism’ and the notion of an ‘information
society’ which will be critical ...
Title Ocularcentrism and its Others: A Framework for Metatheoretical
... metaphor’s central position in their own texts. This trajectory is referred to as
ocularcentrism extended. The second trajectory seeks to excoriate the root ocular
metaphor. Ocularcentrism displaced traces the metaphoric redescriptions and
displacements that have been effected through this approach. ...
... crucial feature of modernity - an image of its contradictions. But at the
interior of this time, which is indefinite, and no longer knows any eternity,
one thing distinguishes modernity : it always wants to be 'contemporary,'
i.e ., it seeks global simultaneity. After first privileging the dimension ...
Aalborg Universitet Essence and Diversity in Gender Research Ahmed, Durre
... for non-western perspectives, the fact remains that their legitimacy has
been 'conferred' by West. And within the movement as a whole, it is
the work of Derrida, Foucault and other French thinkers such as
Kristeva, which forms the philosophical bedrock upon which many
third world scholars today rest ...
... optimistic one. History has reached its end
because there has never been a history, but
only ever the “eternal return” of the same, as
Nietzsche maintained.11 Without a doubt,
Hegel did much to ensure that his
philosophy of history can be read as an
ideology of progress, but such an
interpretation i ...
Week Nine: Colonial Modernity
... Korea,” New Literary History (Winter 1998), pp. 121-134
Kyeong-Hee Choi, “Neither Colonial nor National: The Making of the ‘New Woman’
in Pak Wanso’s ; Mother Stake 1’” in Colonial Modernity in Korea, 221-247.
June j. h. Lee, “Discourse of Illness, Meanings of Modernity: A Gendered Construction
of S ...
Musings on the Emptiness and Dreariness of Postmodern Critique
... Actually, his position and that of the Descutner and Burnier essay are united in Jean-François Lyotard.
Lyotard's The Postmodern Condition was translated into English in 1984 and undoubtedly accelerated talk
of poststructuralism and the postmodern condition. Lyotard's rewriting of modernist science ...
Hello, I`m Ron Strickland
... rationalism and scientific thinking as the positive expression of human excellence and
human achievement. In this way, it can be said that Enlightenment thinkers exalted the
“human” to a level above “God”; they formulated a universal essence of “humanity” as a
kind of absolute truth.
... begin with an incredulity toward rapid developments in communigrand narratives of theory and of cations and information technology,
genetic engineering, biotechnology,
Be that as it may, it is useful to
distinguish postmodern sensibility On the other hand, when we speak of
Chapter 14 - Amazon Web Services
... increasingly meaningless as flows of products and people cross borders in
unprecedented numbers. Finally, there is increasing downward mobility, as
former members of a middle class find themselves consigned to insecure,
part-time employment with few or no benefits.
Postmodernity (post-modernity or the postmodern condition) is the economic or cultural state or condition of Western society which is said to exist after modernity. Some schools of thought hold that modernity ended in the late 20th century—in the 1980s or early 1990s—and that it was replaced by postmodernity, while others would extend modernity to cover the developments denoted by postmodernity, while some believe that modernity ended after World War II. The idea of the post-modern condition is sometimes characterised as a culture stripped of its capacity to function in any linear or autonomous state as opposed to the progressive mindstate of Modernism.Postmodernity can mean a personal response to a postmodern society, the conditions in a society which make it postmodern or the state of being that is associated with a postmodern society as well an historical epoch. In most contexts it should be distinguished from postmodernism, the adoption of postmodern philosophies or traits in art, literature, culture and society. In fact, today, historical perspectives on the developments of postmodern art (postmodernism) and postmodern society (postmodernity) can be best described as two umbrella terms for processes engaged in an ongoing dialectical relationship, the result of which is the evolving world in which we now live.