Habitats Directive Assessment
... including a county population of 130 638 (CSO, 2012) is envisaged to set out the overall strategy and
a Core Strategy for the proper planning and sustainable development of the county; inclusive of a
written statement and plethora of maps.
A Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) has been undertak ...
IUCN Securing Protected Areas
... a sketch of my vision of the future of protected areas in a world of accelerating change. The
management community will be led by a strong, well-informed cadre of people from a
variety of backgrounds and institutions. These will include central and local government
conservation departments, local co ...
LTER Ten Year Review - LTER Intranet
... the program is to improve. For example, the program definition as provided by the NSF Calls for
Proposals has purposefully remained flexible to permit as much scientific latitude as possible on the part
of the investigators proposing LTER studies. This intentional flexibility has led to some ambigu ...
A Long-Term Biodiversity, Ecosystem and Awareness Research
... Focus groups are thus characterised by the explicit use of group interaction to generate data.
Instead of asking questions to each person in turn as in other form of group interviews, focus
group research encourages participants to talk to each other.
The focus group method was developed by Robert ...
Incorporating natural enemy units into a dynamic
... of A. glycines when application is based on weekly scouting
and use of an action threshold.27 The use of neonicotinoid seed
treatments has become widespread in soybean production;
however, most studies suggest that seed treatments are not
effective in preventing yield losses to A. glycines.27 – 30
TOWARD A STRATEGY FOR THE CONSERVATION AND
... definition, and the six IUCN management categories of
protected areas that flow from it, are “neutral” on ownership and management authority of protected areas, and
they equally recognize governance by governments,
private entities, indigenous peoples, and local communities (Dudley 2008). The common ...
Marine Ecology Progress Series 224:21
... larger quadrat. Because of their sparse distribution and
large size, density estimates of the seastars Heliaster
helianthus were obtained through transect counts
across the entire bench (of variable length and always
1 m wide), and are presented separately from other
Due to the wi ...
Translocation Protocol for the Ord`s Kangaroo Rat
... distribution in Alberta (Figure 1). The core of the Alberta range is the Middle Sand Hills
region, and peripheral sub-populations exist in adjacent regions, particularly the Dune
Point sand dunes near Bindloss, AB and the Empress dunefield near Empress, AB
(Figure 2). Although most of the Middle San ...
Marine reserves demonstrate top
... Top-down regulation of biological communities has been
a focal point in ecological theory (Hairston et al. 1960).
This is ironic, given the efficiency with which humans
have themselves harvested the large-bodied animals
which may be responsible for the top-down control of
ecosystems, in many cases t ...
1 BAP Intro 2 AW.fh11
... of the original species and habitats identified for action repeated
here, indicating that further work needs to be carried out on them.
The BAP has a national context which was set out in the initial
report, Biodiversity: the UK Action Plan (1994). This document
outlined plans to conserve biodiversi ...
Considerations for Identification of Effective Area
... under CBD Target 11; that is a marine area receiving effective area-based conservation. The
development of the definitions of what constitutes a protected area has taken place elsewhere
and we provide a background of that literature, highlighting those definitions that are currently
being used both ...
The Harm They Inflict When Values Conflict: Why Diversity Does not
... example of when promoting diversity requires intervening in nature. Invasive species occupy a territory that did not previously belong to them, and
they become the new possessors of it. If the invasive species is a plant, this
plant will be the new occupant of the natural territory, displacing the o ...
4 What is a Marine Protected Area?
... A protected area where the interaction of people
and nature over time has produced an area of
distinct character with significant ecological,
biological, cultural and scenic value: and where
safeguarding the integrity of this interaction is vital
to protecting and sustaining the area and its
The Response of Natural Enemies to Selective Insecticides Applied
... 2009). Alternatives to broad-spectrum insecticides are
referred to as reduced-risk or selective insecticides.
They are deÞned by the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) as “insecticides that may reasonably be
expected to accomplish one or more of the four following objectives: 1) reduce the risks ...
Applying the Reference Site Model to Riparian Restoration Sites in
... based on reference sites that recreate specific healthy, diverse, and historically relevant
communities (Harris et al. 2006). However, there are few guidelines for restoration practitioners
choosing which reference sites to emulate. Along with limited species diversity data from
reference sites, the ...
evaluation of the factors that limit Olympia oyster
... populations above Mean Lower Low Water but at lower elevations oysters were heavily fouled by
non-native species. In most sites oysters were found only on large artificial substrates; survival on
small natural hard substrates was apparently precluded by burial by fine sediments. Restoring more
Bap Twite - Peak District National Park
... feeding, the twite is very vulnerable to habitat change. In England, the twite is restricted as a breeding species
to the uplands of the South Pennines. Approximately a quarter of the South Pennine population breeds
within the Peak District. A small, brown finch, the twite is one of only two British ...
Coqui frog invasions change invertebrate communities in Hawaii
... hermite polynomial). Program DISTANCE was
unable to estimate site-specific densities for two sites
(KP and KU) because of low detectability for frogs.
For these sites, we estimated density using the linear
relationship between observed frogs and frog densities
for the other sites (R2 = 0.9602).
We c ...
Dealing with uncertainty and risk: Use of multipliers and discount rates
... managing pests to improve condition and successful establishment of seedlings and existing
vegetation. Where they can be found, averted-loss offsets that reduce or halt ongoing or
expected threats to biodiversity may provide more assured and immediate benefits than
restoration-based offsets. This is ...
Making Space for Nature: Network
... needs to be done? These are the questions that we aim to answer in this report. We first
consider why these questions are important in the context of past, current and future
pressures on the environment, and describe what ecological networks are and the benefits
they bring. We go on to consider the ...
Appropriate Assessment Screening Report
... Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council has prepared a draft Planning Scheme for
Cherrywood Strategic Development Zone. This Plan will set out objectives and policies
which will be used to guide the development of the area.
All land use plans, such as this draft Planning Scheme, must undergo a formal ...
Biological structure of nearshore rocky subtidal habitats in southern
... described from different areas of the world, few general patterns of community
structure hold over wide geographic scales. Consequently, it is unlikely that
there are universally important structuring processes except in the broadest
sense. In nearshore reef communities dominated by large brown alga ...
When natural habitat fails to enhance biological pest control
... Therefore, combining agricultural land use with natural habitat fragments in mosaic landscapes can be beneﬁcial for biodiversity conservation, increasing environmental beneﬁts, ecosystem services, and human
wellbeing (Perfecto and Vandermeer, 2010; Tscharntke et al., 2012a).
However, prioritizing ma ...
CONTEXT-DEPENDENT EFFECTS OF FISHING: VARIATION IN
... Abstract. Marine reserves provide a large-scale experimental framework to investigate the
effects of ﬁshing on food web dynamics and how they vary with environmental context.
Because marine reserves promote the recovery of previously ﬁshed predators, spatial
comparisons between reserve and ﬁshed sit ...
Sacred natural site
A Sacred Natural Site is a natural feature or a large area of land or water having special spiritual significance to peoples and communities. Sacred natural sites consist of all types of natural features including mountains, hills, forests, groves, trees, rivers, lakes, lagoons, caves, islands and springs. The interest in sacred natural sites, from the perspective of nature conservation, lies in the component of biological diversity that they harbor.