5 1st plenary session MOLOTOV
4. Failure to establish a common security system in Europe (Munich) combined
with the on-going German expansion (Austrian Anschluss, annexation of
Sudetian region in 1938 and Czech - in early 1939) clearly outlined the
complicated situation of the Baltic States, especially as Germany was
ASSASSINATION - Operation Anthropoid
... You are opening a book that tells a story of cruelty, heroism and betrayal in an
original manner and without clichés. It is a story that has all the attributes of an
ancient tragedy. It involves a blood-thirsty dictator, courageous avengers as well as
a vile traitor. Yet an insuperable abyss separat ...
The Auxiliary Units: Britain`s Last Line of Defense During World War II
... Another form of defense that suddenly began to appear all across Europe after
Hitler invaded each country was the resistance group. For instance, soon after Hitler
seized Poland, and the Polish government in exile was established in London, a Polish
underground movement was formed. The idea of these ...
The logic of violence in Kosovo during the - Hugo Valentin
... inability to predict or anticipate Partisan attack and activity. However, lack of established
frontlines remained a prevailing condition throughout the war.
The nature of Partisan warfare in Kosovo fundamentally incorporated three defining
characteristics: irregularity, increased mobility, and inte ...
Bombing Auschwitz Teacher Instructions
... • Auschwitz IAuschwitz I, the main camp, was the first camp established near Oswiecim, Poland. The first
prisoners at Auschwitz included German prisoners who had been incarcerated as repeat criminal
offenders, as well as Polish political prisoners. Like most other concentration camps, Auschwitz
I ha ...
4 Roads in the Garden of Beasts
... a struggle for national
liberation in a country
under military or
▪ Resistance Movements (aka
“The Underground”) existed
in every occupied country
Crimes of the German Wehrmacht
... these POWs and providing them with food, shelter, and medical care. In contrast to the majority
of Western POWs, Soviet soldiers were not treated according to the minimum standards of
international humanitarian law. As a result, disastrous shortages of food and inadequate care
and shelter led to the ...
History 4360: The Era of the Second World War
... Between 1939 and 1945, people of all sexes, ages, backgrounds, and regions of the world, were
gripped by the dangers, deprivations, and duties that accompanied a “total war.” Millions took
on new roles and responsibilities on the home and battle fronts, and endured the horrors of
aerial bombardment, ...
german nazi ConCentration Camps
... headquarters and, thus, the capital of the General Governorate. After
attacking the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Germans annexed a part
of Polish land previously occupied by the USSR to the General Governorate as the Galicia District, and incorporated the rest into the Reich
Commissariat of Ukrain ...
(PDF 1.4 MB) - Gedenkstätte Deutscher Widerstand
... those of the resistance fighters involved in the attempted
coup of July 20, 1944.
Around 1500 death sentences passed by the “People’s
Court” and some 1000 passed by the Special Courts
were executed in Plötzensee. The remaining 400 victims
were sentenced to death by the Reich Court Martial, other
Plıtz. englisch neu end - Die Gedenkstätte Plötzensee
... appellate court, or state courts.
About half of those executed are Germans, most of whom
have been sentenced to death for acts of resistance
against the lawless National Socialist state. Especially
after 1939, many persons receive death sentences as
disproportionately harsh punishment for minor offe ...
Crete during the Second World War.
... The Jews were forced to flee, to leave their homes, their workplaces, stores and dear friends. They lost
in ten minutes whatever they had achieved through many years of hard work. Suddenly they were
being pressed along out of their neighbourhood by murderous soldiers and marched down to the
... • Had little effect as they were often sent to
concentration camps – Niemoller survived
8 years of this and was freed by the Allies
in 1945 – not successful
Heroic people in our area
... landscape) of his homeland even with proposals and parliamentary questions
Because of his political battles in favour of the territory he was called “ E ba dla
Rumagna” ( The father of Romagna)
He devoted himself to an intense literary and historical studies of Romagna
The Romagnolo dialect had neve ...
THE HOLOCAUST AND WORLD WAR II: TIMELINE
... denounces the “euthanasia” killing program in a public sermon.
September 28-29, 1941: Einsatzgruppen shoot about 34,000 Jew s at Babi
Yar, outside Kiev.
N ovember 7, 1941: Einsatzgruppen round up 13,000 Jew s from
theMinsk ghetto and kill them in nearby Tuchinki (Tuchinka).
N ovember 30, 1941: Einsa ...
THE ITALIAN RESISTANCE AND THE ITALIAN CIVIL WAR
... 160m Lira a months from the Allies. In return they agreed to disband
immediately on liberation by the Allies. This compromised their independence.
By 1944 most had become party affiliated. Communists ran the Garibaldi
brigades the Socialist controlled the Matteotti brigades and the Party of Action
d-day landings: june 6, 1944 - 20thCentury-bbs2
... August 1944, resulted in the Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany’s
control. Codenamed Operation Overlord, the battle began on June 6, 1944, also known as
D-Day, when some 156,000 American, British and Canadian forces landed on five
beaches along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily for ...
a short text on World War Two
... Italy were obliged to serve in the Italian armed forces as Italian citizens. Altogether, the Italian and
German occupying forces killed 3,958 hostages. In total, the number of victims rose above 98,000 or
6.6% of the population.
The resistance was organised by the Liberation Front coalition between ...
... – “The British Empire and the French Republic, linked together in
their cause and in their need, will defend to the death their native
soil, aiding each other like good comrades to the utmost of their
strength…We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we
shall fight on the seas and oceans ...
Military Awards - 6th Corps Combat Engineers
... Rome was quiet on the morning of 4 June 1944. Propaganda leaflets dropped during the early morning hours by order
of the commander of the Allied 15th Army Group, General Sir Harold R. L. G. Alexander, urged Romans "to stand
shoulder-to-shoulder to protect the city from destruction and to defeat our ...
History Notebook A historical journey In what way does this photo
... in material of Great Britain.
Here are three statements about the invasion of the USSR, on 22nd June 1941. Score out the
The Russians manage to fight off the German army straight away.
Look at the press headlines and the two posters. Which event do they refer to?
The attack on P ...
CommonLit | Danish Resistance During the Holocaust
... Germany far outnumbered them). Germany was a country that had broken a “we won’t mess with you”
treaty— a country that had bullied other countries and their citizens, and had even used its military to kill
thousands. This article describes one example of citizen-led resistance against the powerful c ...
World War II in Europe
... Anzio landings (January 1944)
Fall of Rome, (June 4, 1944)
Operation Overlord (June 6, 1944)
Paris liberated (Aug. 25, 1944)
Operation Market Garden (“a bridge too far.”) (Sept. 17-25, 1944)
Battle of the Bulge (Dec. 16, 1944-January 25, 1945)
Bridge at Remagen (March 8, 1945)
La Grande Vadrouille - French Institute Alliance Française
... human history. The conflict began on September 1, 1939 with the
German invasion of Poland and lasted until the summer of 1945,
involving many of the world's countries. The principal
belligerents were the Axis powers: Germany, Italy, and Japan and
the Allies: France, Great Britain, the United States, ...
Resistance during World War II
Resistance movements during World War II occurred in every occupied country by a variety of means, ranging from non-cooperation, disinformation and propaganda, to hiding crashed pilots and even to outright warfare and the recapturing of towns. In many countries, resistance movements were sometimes also referred to as The Underground.Among the most notable resistance movements were the Polish Resistance, including the Polish Home Army, Leśni, and the whole Polish Underground State; the Soviet partisans,, the Italian Resistenza led mainly by the Italian CLN; the French Resistance, Yugoslav Partisans, the Belgian Resistance, the Norwegian Resistance, the Greek Resistance and the Dutch Resistance.Many countries had resistance movements dedicated to fighting the Axis invaders, and Germany itself also had an anti-Nazi movement. Although Britain was not occupied during the war, the British made preparations for a British resistance movement, called the Auxiliary Units, in the event of a German invasion. Various organizations were also formed to establish foreign resistance cells or support existing resistance movements, like the British SOE and the American OSS (the forerunner of the CIA).There were also resistance movements fighting against the Allied invaders. In Italian East Africa, after the Italian forces were defeated during the East African Campaign, some Italians participated in a guerrilla war against the British (1941–1943). The German Nazi resistance movement (""Werwolf"") never amounted to much. The ""Forest Brothers"" of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania included many fighters who operated against the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States into the 1960s. During or after the war, similar anti-Soviet resistance rose up in places like Romania, Poland, Bulgaria, Ukraine, and Chechnya. While the Japanese were famous for ""fighting to the last man,"" Japanese holdouts tended to be individually motivated and there is little indication that there was any organized Japanese resistance after the war.