VOLUME #2 of THE ANCIENT WORLD SERIES
... of units and markers. Each player has an Army Display and City
Occupation Display, the former for keeping track of which combat
units belong to which Legion/Army/Fleet, while the latter holds the
various city garrisons. Both displays are back printed and each are
identified as to which scenario they ...
The Roman Navy - Imperium
... the captured enemy ships were taken to Rome and mounted on the speaker ’s platform in the Forum,
which was subsequently itself call the Rostra.5 The Greek maritime city of Taranto (Tarentum) made
a treaty with Rome in 338 BC, seeking to limit Roman naval activity in the Gulf of Tara ...
navigare necesse est - Libreria Militare Ares
... ally, Philip V. The only major action in which the Roman fleet was involved was the siege of Syracuse in 214-212
BC with 130 ships under Marcus Claudius Marcellus. The siege is remembered for the ingenious inventions of
Archimedes, such as mirrors that burned ships or the so-called "Claw of Arch ...
Quinquereme - C3i Ops Center
... shipping troops to and
from Africa. After the
Ebro, both sides were
satisfied with keeping their
own shipping lanes open
for supplies and
The Raven - C3i Ops Center
... first, Rome was able to campaign
successfully in Sicily without a
navy. Rome won a great land
victory with four legions at
Agrigentum in 262 BC, and
expected to bring the war to a
The Romans and the First Punic War Lauren Slater, Dickson
... The First Punic War between the Romans and the Carthaginians lasted for twentythree years from 264-241 BC. Previously, the Romans had never needed a fleet as
most of their expansion had been within Italy. However, they knew that to defeat the
seafaring Carthaginians they would need a strong fleet. T ...
Reassessing Polybius on Naval Power in the First Punic
... In contrast, Polybius notes only one period of intensive Carthaginian shipbuilding in 256
after the defeat at Ecnomus. Once the confusion surrounding Polybius’ text for the Battle of
Hermaeum (Plb. 1.36.10-12) is resolved, the lack of ship building is consistent with relatively
lower Carthaginian lo ...
Peace treaties and naval alliances during the Punic Wars (264
... beliefs of the citizens. If there was a period when the navy had an honored place in the Republican
military forces and in the heart of the citizens living in the town situated on the river Tiber, this
happened during 264-146 B.C. when the navy decisively contributed to the establishment of the
Roman Navy - Nathan Shepard
... body of water which their empire surrounded. They made practical ships, formed an
inventive, effective strategy, and made some incredible naval history.
In the Roman navy there were two classes of ships. First were the merchant ships.
By definition, a Roman merchant ship was anything that could floa ...
The Roman navy (Latin: Classis, lit. ""fleet"") comprised the naval forces of the Ancient Roman state. The navy was instrumental in the Roman conquest of the Mediterranean basin, though it never enjoyed the prestige of the Roman legions. Throughout their history, the Romans remained a primarily land-based people, and relied partially on their more nautically inclined subjects, such as the Greeks and the Egyptians, to build and man their ships. Partly because of this, the navy was never wholly embraced by the Roman state, and deemed somewhat ""un-Roman"". In Antiquity, navies and trading fleets did not have the logistical autonomy that modern ships and fleets possess. Unlike modern naval forces, the Roman navy even at its height never existed as an autonomous service, but operated as an adjunct to the Roman army.During the course of the First Punic War, the Roman navy was massively expanded and played a vital role in the Roman victory and the Roman Republic's eventual ascension to hegemony in the Mediterranean Sea. In the course of the first half of the 2nd century BC, Rome went on to destroy Carthage and subdue the Hellenistic kingdoms of the eastern Mediterranean, achieving complete mastery of the inland sea, which they called Mare Nostrum. The Roman fleets were again prominent in the 1st century BC in the wars against the pirates, and in the civil wars that brought down the Republic, whose campaigns ranged across the Mediterranean. In 31 BC, the great naval Battle of Actium ended the civil wars culminating in the final victory of Augustus and the establishment of the Roman Empire.During the Imperial period, the Mediterranean became largely a peaceful ""Roman lake""; in the absence of a maritime enemy, the navy was reduced mostly to patrol, anti-piracy and transport duties. The navy also manned and maintained craft on major frontier rivers such as the Rhine and the Danube for supplying the army.On the fringes of the Empire, in new conquests or, increasingly, in defense against barbarian invasions, the Roman fleets were still engaged in open warfare. The decline of the Empire in the 3rd century took a heavy toll on the navy, which was reduced to a shadow of its former self, both in size and in combat ability. As successive waves of the Völkerwanderung crashed on the land frontiers of the battered Empire, the navy could only play a secondary role. In the early 5th century, the Roman frontiers were breached, and barbarian kingdoms appeared on the shores of the western Mediterranean. One of them, the Vandal Kingdom, raised a navy of its own and raided the shores of the Mediterranean, even sacking Rome, while the diminished Roman fleets were incapable of offering any resistance. The Western Roman Empire collapsed in the late 5th century. The navy of the surviving eastern Roman Empire is known as the Byzantine navy.