GEORGE G. MEADE AND HIS ROLE IN THE GETTYSBURG
... tlressing. Then, too, the victory at Gettysburg was a defensive one.
With the army commander playing, supposedly, a somewhat passive
if not torpid role. 1\Ieade had been in command of the army for
only three days prior to the opening of this pivotal engagement,
and the first day's combat-which went ...
The Union Army Had Something to Do With It
... On page 200 of his Military Memoirs of a Confederate he makes the following
very interesting statement regarding the stand of a small portion of the Union Army of
the Potomac that had a brief but intense struggle with elements of Stonewall Jackson's
wing on August 28, 1862, on the eve of the Second ...
1 - Petersburg Area Regional Tourism
... By the spring of 1865, the last remaining
supply line into Petersburg was the
South Side Railroad. On March 29, 1865,
Grant sent his forces on a westward
movement to cut this major artery,
knowing that it would cause Lee to
abandon Petersburg and Richmond.
Countering this move, Lee sent 10,000
Did Meade Begin a Counteroffensive after
... Harrisburg. The army’s 12th Corps commander, Major General Henry Slocum, graded second for
the appointment, had informed the War Department in advance that he did not want the job.
Major General John Sedgwick of the 6th Corps landed third on the list, but politely declined to be
considered. Reynolds ...
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CIVIL WAR BATTLES 63
... back to the breaking point, and simply surround the Confederate army, forcing Lee to surrender.
Lee was not ignorant of this plan. McClellan had as much
as told him about it on Sept. 16 when advance elements of
Hooker’s corps, at about 3:30 p.m., crossed Antietam Creek
and began attacking Jackson’s ...
Shenandoah Mennonite Historian - MennoniteArchivesofVirginia.net
... Shenandoah Valley a wagon, horses and safe
of crushed stone. Emanuel writes that his
passage into Union territory.2 Emanuel Suter,
horses were “barefooted and very tender.”9
a Mennonite farmer and potter, had made
Fortunately, the army rested on October 6
no secret of his Unionist and pacifist views ...
A Change in Tactics: Hard War in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia
... railroad tracks leading east towards Charlottesville. When Hunter saw that the
Confederates had strengthened their position on the mountain pass between
Waynesboro and Charlottesville, Hunter decided to move his forces southward to
Lynchburg. Lynchburg, while not as large as Charlottesville, was als ...
George E. Pickett - Essential Civil War Curriculum
... that he had come to believe in as a cadet at West Point. At the Battle of Williamsburg,
Pickett complained of “dastardly subterfuges of an enemy pretending to surrender in
order to stop fire to allow their reinforcements to come up and enable them to pour in a
deadly volley upon an honorable and too ...
The First Day at Chancellorsville by Frank O`Reilly
... some cavalry engaged with the enemy’s skirmishers. The former were
giving ground, and, by their behavior, giving confidence to the enemy.”
The Union general deployed his division of three brigades into three
lines. Colonel Sidney Burbank’s brigade of U.S. Regular Infantry took
the front line. Brigad ...
On July 3, 1863 outside the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
... the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia (ANV), ordered his men to participate in a
military maneuver, known as Pickett’s Charge, which forever encompassed the annals of military
history. Scholars, however, from the 1870’s to the modern day have debated Lee’s motives and
methods of attack, as ...
1 - UMW Blogs
... and his decision. Throughout researching this controversial query, surprisingly, there existed several
more opinions on the issue than the two previously mentioned. In fact, authors lauded his tactical
judgment, questioned his motives, and analyzed every action leading up to and following Pickett’s
The longest siege
... Grant headed southeast toward Spotsylvania Court House, but part of Lee's
'orces arrived there first. On May 8 the battle of Spotsylvania began,
ulminating in brutal hand-to-hand combat in the Confederate earthworks at
a point subsequently called the "Bloody Angle." After a repulse by
Confederate ar ...
Battle of Gettysburg PPT
... On the 3rd day of battle, Lee orders an all-out attack
on the center of the Union line.
George Pickett leads 15,000 Confederate soldiers in
a charge across the low ground separating the two
“High Tide of the Confederacy”
– Northern-most point reached by Confederate army
– Closest and last cha ...
The Battle of Gettysburg - Reeths
... It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task
remaining before us--that from these honored dead we
take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave
the last full measure of devotion--that we here highly
resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that
this nation under ...
William C - Essential Civil War Curriculum
... coincidentally the same numerical advantage that the Army of the Potomac held over him
By the end of April, Lee commanded an army of nearly 64,000 soldiers. His
victories during the previous two years had exacted a painful toll in casualties, and
replacements for fallen heroes were beco ...
Battle of Appomattox Court House
... of the James. This corps traveled 30 miles (50 km) in 21 hours to reach the cavalry. Maj. Gen. Edward O. C. Ord,
commander of the Army of the James, arrived with the XXIV Corps around 4:00 a.m. while the V Corps of the
Army of the Potomac was close behind. Sheridan deployed three divisions of cavalr ...
GETTYSBURG NATIONAL PARK IN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD
... said that the goal was to drive the Union left in
upon its center, towards the town. Lee wanted
his lines to become increasingly stronger as
they condensed and came to a point of impact
at Cemetery Hill. At the same time, Ewell
massed reinforcements to attack the Culp’s Hill
side of Cemetery Hill, t ...
Little Round Top - A Sound Strategy, Inc.
... have enfiladed Meade’s position
and made it too unhealthy for him
to remain there.
This however is countered by
the shape and narrowness of the
hill’s crest, which faced west. The
guns would have to be placed
one behind the other to engage
the Union lines to the north on
Cemetery Ridge -- thus dra ...
Gettysburg Power point presentation
... George Pickett leads 15,000 Confederate soldiers
in a charge across the low ground separating the
“High Tide of the Confederacy”
– Northern-most point reached by Confederate army
– Closest and last chance for Confederacy to win
Civil War Driving Guide Page 1
... undertook a flank march to turn Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Petersburg
defenses. A steady downpour turned the roads to mud, slowing the
advance. On March 31, Maj. Gen. W.H. Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry and
Pickett’s infantry division attacked Sheridan's Cavalry Corps north and
northwest of Dinwiddie Court House ...
... • 2- Involved infantry assault of approximately
15,000 Confederate soldiers
• 3- Faced Union Major General George Meade
and troops numbering 6,500 Federals
• 4- The assault took nine brigades of
• 5- Traveling over ¾ miles of open territory
SOME BACKGROUND ON THE FILM GODS AND GENERALS
... The condition of the Confederate army lent credence to Hooker's confidence. In February, Lee
had detached James Longstreet with two strong divisions to gather food and supplies in
southeastern Virginia. Lee could not hope to go on the offensive without Longstreet. In the
meantime, Lee's 60,000 veter ...
Vermont at Gettysburg - Vermont Historical Society
... enemy," said Lee, "hear where we are, they will make forced marches
to interpose their forces between us and Baltimore and Philadelphia.
They will come up (probably through Fredericksburg) broken down
with hunger and hard marching; strung out in a long line and much
demoralized when they come into P ...
Battle of Dinwiddie Court House
The Battle of Dinwiddie Court House was fought on March 31, 1865, during the American Civil War at the end of the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign and in the beginning stage of the Appomattox Campaign. Along with the Battle of White Oak Road which was fought simultaneously on March 31, the battle involved the last offensive action by General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia attempting to stop the progress of Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant's Union Army (Army of the Potomac, Army of the Shenandoah and Army of the James). Grant's forces were moving to cut the remaining Confederate supply lines and to force the Confederates to extend their defensive lines at Petersburg, Virginia and Richmond, Virginia to the breaking point, if not to force them into a decisive open field battle.On March 29, 1865, a large Union cavalry force of between approximately 9,000 and 12,000 troopers moved toward Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia about 4 miles (6.4 km) west of the end of the Confederate lines and about 5 miles (8.0 km) south of the important road junction at Five Forks, Virginia. Under the command of Major General Philip Sheridan, and still designated the Army of the Shenandoah, the Union force consisted of the First Division under Brigadier General Thomas Devin and the Third Division of Brigadier General (Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer under the overall command of Brigadier General (Brevet Major General) Wesley Merritt as an unofficial corps commander, and the Second Division, detached from the Army of the Potomac, commanded by Major General George Crook. Five Forks was a key location for control of the critical Confederate supply line of the South Side Railroad (sometimes shown as Southside Railroad). While Devin's and Crook's divisions reached Dinwiddie Court House in the late afternoon of March 29, Custer's division was protecting the bogged down wagon train about 7 miles (11 km) behind the other two divisions.Also on March 29, 1865, the Union V Corps under Major General Gouverneur K. Warren moved to the end of the Confederate White Oak Road Line, the far right flank of the Confederate defenses. Warren's corps seized control of advance Confederate picket or outpost positions and occupied a segment of a key transportation and communication route, the Boydton Plank Road, at the junction of the Quaker Road, as a result of the Battle of Lewis's Farm. After a day of pushing the Union line forward on March 30, Warren's force was driven back temporarily on March 31 by a surprise Confederate attack. The V Corps rallied and regained their position on the Boydton Plank Road, cutting direct communication over the White Oak Road between the Confederate defensive line and Major General George Pickett's task force about 4 miles (6.4 km) west at Five Forks, during the afternoon of March 31 at the Battle of White Oak Road. At the end of the day, the V Corps remained the closest Union infantry corps to Sheridan's position.At the same time on March 31, Sheridan's cavalry force deployed north from Dinwiddie Court House in a movement aimed to occupy Five Forks. Sheridan was thrown on the defensive by an attack by both Confederate infantry and cavalry under Major General George Pickett and Major General Fitzhugh Lee. Sheridan's men gave way at various locations during the day but fought long and hard delaying actions, keeping their organization after withdrawals and inflicting hundreds of casualties on the Confederates. Finally reinforced by Custer with two brigades of his division under Colonels Alexander C. M. Pennington, Jr. and Henry Capehart which were brought forward from wagon train guard duty, the Union cavalry divisions at Dinwiddie Court House held their line just north of the town. Sheridan's force appeared to be in peril by nightfall due to the threatening position of the strong Confederate force just outside the village. During the night of March 31, however, Brigadier General Joseph J. Bartlett's brigade of Brigadier General (Brevet Major General) Charles Griffin's First Division of the V Corps, followed hours later by Warren's entire corps, maneuvered Pickett back to Five Forks by advancing on his flank before he could take advantage of his advanced position the next day. By 7:00 a.m., Sheridan had a corps of infantry as well as his cavalry to proceed against Five Forks.The battles at White Oak Road and Dinwiddie Court House, while initially successful for the Confederates, even a tactical victory at the end of the day at Dinwiddie, ultimately did not advance the Confederate position or achieve their strategic objective of weakening and driving back the Union forces or separating Sheridan's force from support. The Confederates suffered at least 1,560 casualties to their dwindling forces in the two battles. The battles of March 31 and the troop movements in their aftermath set the stage for the Confederate defeats and the collapse of Confederate defensive lines at the Battle of Five Forks on the following day, April 1, 1865, and at the Third Battle of Petersburg (also known as the Breakthrough at Petersburg) on April 2, 1865. The evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond on the night of April 2–3 and march west of the Confederate Army, with the Union Army in close pursuit, ultimately led to the surrender of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia after the Battle of Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865.