Mary Waters • OPTIONAL ETHNICITIES: FOR WHITES ONLY
... Americans, and American Indians do not have the option of a symbolic ethnicity at present in the United
States. For all of the ways in which ethnicity does not matter for White Americans, it does matter for nonWhites. Who your ancestors are does affect your choice of spouse, where you live, what job ...
The New Immigrants
... left because of rising population. Between 1800 and 1900, the population in
Europe doubled to nearly 400 million, resulting in a scarcity of land for farming.
Farmers competed with laborers for too few industrial jobs. In the United States,
jobs were supposedly plentiful. In addition, a spirit of re ...
Course Syllabus JGI216H1S - u of t geography
Grady – Ads and Race - Visual Sociology at QC
... This article is based on a sample taken from just such an
archive. The sample includes every single advertisement
in Life magazine containing a black figure in nine
chronologically stratified periods from 1936 to 2000.
Each period includes two immediately adjacent years
and so the entire eighteen-ye ...
Sampling the Ethnic Minority Population in Germany
... between groups defined by cultural, geographical, biological, and/or linguistic criteria. Following Weber (1968, 385ff.), migration background is an ethnic category
because it derives difference from common descent. Two analytically distinct paradigms play a role in societal discourses and research ...
World Geography Pacing Guide 2016-2017
... HS2.GR.11 Global Interconnections Evaluate how
human-made or natural catastrophic events may
alter environmental and cultural characteristics of an
area, impacting trade, politics and human migration
on a global scale.
HS3.GR.11 Global Interconnections Evaluate how the
development of economic glob ...
... Why do some people in the majority denigrate or dislike minorities defined by ethnicity, race,
religion, or foreign birth? Why in some does this animosity dominate other political issues,
leading them to vote for—or even join—parties of the extreme right? According to an
enduring sociological theor ...
Explaining Membership in the British National Party: A Multilevel
... prerogatives’—leads to threat theory. The majority’s
perception of threat should increase with the numerical
size of the minority. ‘Migration of a visibly different
group into a given area increases the likelihood of
conflict; the probability of conflict is greater . . . the larger
the ratio of the ...
Not Only Competitive Threat But Also Racial Prejudice
... has resulted in twofold findings: First, negative attitudes toward immigrants in
European societies have risen and become substantial (although Meuleman,
Davidov, & Billiet, 2009 and Pichler, 2010 did not find a further increase in
negative attitudes in recent years); and, second, negative attitudes ...
Unity, diversity and ties
... looking organizations of minority groups (i.e. interest groups). Anyone leafing through
the political and public responses to the Blok committee's final report will notice a
considerable consensus on this point: ‘living in isolation’ and ‘segregated schooling’ are
undesirable phenomena, according to ...
White flight is a term that originated in the United States, starting in the mid-20th century, and applied to the large-scale migration of whites of various European ancestries from racially mixed urban regions to more racially homogeneous suburban or exurban regions. The term has more recently been applied to other migrations by whites, from older, inner suburbs to rural areas, as well as from the US Northeast and Midwest to the milder climate in the Southeast and Southwest. The term has also been used for large-scale post-colonial emigration of whites from Africa, or parts of that continent, driven by levels of violent crime and anti-colonial state policies.Migration of middle-class white populations was observed during the 1950s and 1960s out of cities such as Detroit, Oakland, and Cleveland, although racial segregation of public schools had ended there long before the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education. In the 1970s, attempts to achieve effective desegregation by means of forced busing in some areas led to more families' moving out of former areas. More generally, some historians suggest that white flight occurred in response to population pressures, both from the large migration of blacks from the rural South to northern cities in the Great Migration and the waves of new immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. However, some historians have challenged the phrase ""white flight"" as a misnomer whose use should be reconsidered. In her study of Chicago's West Side during the post-war era, historian Amanda Seligman argues that the phrase misleadingly suggests that whites immediately departed when blacks moved into the neighborhood, when in fact, many whites defended their space with violence, intimidation, or legal tactics.The business practices of redlining, mortgage discrimination, and racially restrictive covenants contributed to the overcrowding and physical deterioration of areas where minorities chose to congregate. Such conditions are considered to have contributed to the emigration of other populations. The limited facilities for banking and insurance, due to a perceived lack of profitability, and other social services, and extra fees meant to hedge against perceived profit issues increased their cost to residents in predominantly non-white suburbs and city neighborhoods. According to the environmental geographer Laura Pulido, the historical processes of suburbanization and urban decentralization contribute to contemporary environmental racism.