chelazzi et al 2012 - Emergent Attention Lab
... Based on its remarkable ﬂexibility, the ultimate role of visual
selective attention is that of providing behavioral planning processes with the most efﬁcient and relevant representation of the
outer world (see e.g., Gottlieb, 2012, for an interesting discussion
on this general point). Access to the ...
... material. Therefore, the ecological validity of these results is
more satisfying than with earlier studies, especially from the
visual domain, using static and experimentally simplified
stimuli (cf. the work of Simons & Levin, 1998, who brilliantly
succeeded at demonstrating person-related change bl ...
Inattentional blindness, also known as perceptual blindness, is a psychological lack of attention and is not associated with any vision defects or deficits. It may be further defined as the event in which an individual fails to recognize an unexpected stimulus that is in plain sight. The term was coined by Arien Mack and Irvin Rock in 1992 and was used as the title of their book of the same name, published by MIT press in 1998. Here, they describe the discovery of inattentional blindness and include a collection of procedures used describing the phenomenon. Research on inattentional blindness suggests that the phenomenon can occur in any individual, independent of cognitive deficits. When it simply becomes impossible for one to attend to all the stimuli in a given situation, a temporary blindness effect can take place as a result; that is, individuals fail to see objects or stimuli that are unexpected and quite often salient.Inattentional blindness also has an effect on people’s perception. There have been numerous experiments performed that demonstrate this phenomenon.