... from a biosocial perspective, argued that criminal behavior, including homicide, stems
from both interactions of environmental conditions and inherited personality traits.
attributed criminality to persons born with nervous system characteristics that are distinct
from “normal” people. In turn, ...
Psychopathy and Antisocial Personality Disorder
... An unfortunate consequence of the ambiguity inherent in DSM-IV is likely to be a court case in which
one clinician says the defendant meets the DSM-IV definition of ASPD, another clinician says he does
not, and both are right! The first clinician uses only the formal diagnostic criteria whereas the ...
What is psychosis? D B Double
... Diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM)
of American Psychiatric Association
Distinction between schizophrenia and
manic-depression (bipolar disorder)
Organic versus functional disorders
Defining Abnormality Notes
... David Rosenhan
o Developed a study in which he and 7 others walked into mental hospitals saying they
were hearing voices (“thud,” “hollow,” “empty”)
o Other than that, acted normal, answered all questions truthfully.
o All 8 were misdiagnosed with disorders.
o What if this happened with a physical d ...
Annotated Bibliography Sample
... to study how the PCL:YV would predict criminal charges across the follow-up time period of
five years. Also, they expected that if they added the subject’s counts of instrumental violence, it
would increase the predictive power of the PCL:YV. The last hypothesis they studied was
looking at African A ...
Section 1 - PE and Me
... • When provided with the same symptoms
via case histories, clinicians are more
likely to provide a diagnosis of histrionic
personality disorder if the patient is female
than if the patient is male.
• In a complementary fashion, clinicians are
somewhat more likely to diagnose a male
patient with anti ...
PsychExchange - WordPress.com
... achieving major life goals, from having fulfilling relationships with others or working effectively (for
instance an agrophobic will not venture out of the house due to fear).
Vividness and unconventionality : Vivid and unconventional behaviour is relatively
unusual. It is behaviour that differs sub ...
... • Women are twice as likely to be diagnosed
and express their feelings openly
• Studies show not due to differences in
reporting, then why this?
• Let’s look at some explanations…
Commentary: The Forensic Relevance of Personality Disorder
... In the last half of the 20th century, research and
practice in forensic mental health were focused more
on major mental illness than personality disorder.
This is both ironic and frustrating. The irony lies in
the fact that it was alienists working in forensic settings in the late 19th and early 20t ...
DSM-5`s Integrated Approach to Diagnosis and Classifications
... While all disorders in DSM-5 remain in specific categories, measures indicating degree of acuteness
have been added to several combined diagnoses.
For example, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) combines four different categorical disorders and conceptualizes them as occurring along a single spectrum fo ...
Top Ten Myths About Mental Illness
... from changes in brain chemistry or brain function, and medication and/or
psychotherapy often help people to recover.
Myth #5: Schizophrenia means split personality, and there is no
way to control it.
Fact: Schizophrenia is often confused with multiple personality disorder.
Actually, schizophrenia is ...
DSM Definition - fourth annual nrvms/dsf
... comprehensive classification of officially recognized psychiatric disorders, published by the
American Psychiatric Association, for use by mental health professionals to ensure uniformity of
diagnosis. The DSM is currently in its 5th Edition (DSM-5).
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental D ...
Common Myths of Mental Illnesses
... to be biological in nature. It is likely that many things contribute to
mental illness - the causes are not yet fully understood.
10. Most people with a mental illness require supervision or hospitalization.
a. Over 2/3 of people who have a mental health diagnosis live in the
community and lead prod ...
bipolar disorder: at-a-glance
... there are periods of well-being, it is unfortunately the case that many individuals affected by this disorder
have serious residual symptoms (often of depression) between full relapses.
Bipolar disorder often emerges between the late teens and early thirties. Although the illness can occur ...
... for a patient’s symptoms, the patient may see a neurologist. A neurologist (noo RAHL uh jist)
is a doctor who treats physical disorders of the nervous system. A neurologist may be asked
to examine a patient to find a physical cause for a mental disorder. A clinical psychologist is
trained to identif ...
stigma - WordPress.com
... About 40 % of serious fires are started deliberately. Types of
arsonist include :
1. Those with a criminal motive , e.g. obtaining insurance
money or concealing evidence of crime . They usually
have sociopathic personalities
2. Psychotic patients motivated by delusions
3. Those with abnormal persona ...
quick lesson about
... the Cluster A personality disorders, which share the appearance of eccentricity and oddness.
The DSM-5 general criteria for all 10 personality disorders include significant variation in
behavior and internal life experience from one’s own cultural norms in at least two of the
following areas: cognit ...
Supported Education/Psychiatric Disabilities
... A psychiatric disability is a medical condition that disrupts a person's thinking,
feeling, mood, ability to relate to others and daily functioning. They often
result in a diminished capacity for coping with the ordinary demands of life.
Serious psychiatric disabilities include major depression, sch ...
A Brief History of Psychiatry: Evolving Paradigms
... Mental illness as a medical problem—problem
originates within the individual
Mental illness as a religious, spiritual or
Mental illness as a result of family dysfunction
Mental illness as a social issue
Problem of personal responsibility
Mind-body duality; nature of consciousness
Unit 3: Mental Illness and Disorders
... thoughts or feelings that they manage by engaging in ritualized behavior.
Post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - People who live through a terrifying event
involving physical harm or the threat of harm, war, natural disaster. Experience when
they are not in any danger.
Caring for a person who has a personality disorder
... address the issues associated with personality disorders. While there are some treatments
for certain types of personality disorders that have been shown to be effective in reducing
unhelpful behaviour or affective experiences (for example, dialectical behaviour therapy for
borderline personality di ...
An experimental investigation of the impact of personality disorder
... The experimental manipulation was embedded in the background information given
prior to watching the video. Three types of background information were introduced
in the written preamble to the video. In the control condition participants were
provided with a brief and accurate description of the pat ...
History of psychopathy
Psychopathy, from psych (soul or mind) and pathy (suffering or disease), was coined by German psychiatrists in the 19th century and originally just meant what would today be called mental disorder, the study of which is still known as psychopathology. By the turn of the century 'psychopathic inferiority' referred to the type of mental disorder that might now be termed personality disorder, along with a wide variety of other conditions now otherwise classified. Through the early 20th century this and other terms such as 'constitutional (inborn) psychopaths' or 'psychopathic personalities', were used very broadly to cover anyone who violated legal or moral expectations or was considered inherently socially undesirable in some way.The term sociopathy was popularized from 1929/30 by an American psychologist, originally intended as an alternative term to indicate that the defining feature was a pervasive failure to adhere to societal norms in a way that could harm others. The term psychopathy also gradually narrowed to the latter sense, based on interpretations of the work of a Scottish psychiatrist and especially checklists popularized by an American psychiatrist and later a Canadian psychologist. Psychopathy became defined in these quarters as a constellation of personality traits allegedly associated with immorality, criminality, or in some cases socioeconomic success.Official psychiatric diagnostic manuals adopted a mixture of approaches, eventually going by the term antisocial or dissocial personality disorder. In the meantime concepts of psychopaths/sociopaths had become notorious among the general public and as characters in fiction.