A Knowledge-Based Approach to Lexical Analogy

... structures that can guide the mapping process to a single best mapping, but it can flounder when these structures are missing or flat (see [4]). The latter is true of WordNet, which contains some non-taxonomic structure (such as partwhole relations) but nothing of the kind that would allow a structu ...

... structures that can guide the mapping process to a single best mapping, but it can flounder when these structures are missing or flat (see [4]). The latter is true of WordNet, which contains some non-taxonomic structure (such as partwhole relations) but nothing of the kind that would allow a structu ...

05-Intro-Vision-2

... of these areas contain neurons selective for various stimulus dimensions (orientation, direction of motion, disparity, color) ...

... of these areas contain neurons selective for various stimulus dimensions (orientation, direction of motion, disparity, color) ...

Varieties of Analogical Reasoning

... Pre-hoc (“before this”) analogies occur in discovery contexts, as in most scientific analogy. In Thagard's (1989) terms, the goal is to find coherent explanations, that is, to help one understand some given new concept or observation (and generate ideas for further hypothesis tests or observations). ...

... Pre-hoc (“before this”) analogies occur in discovery contexts, as in most scientific analogy. In Thagard's (1989) terms, the goal is to find coherent explanations, that is, to help one understand some given new concept or observation (and generate ideas for further hypothesis tests or observations). ...

USC Brain Project Specific Aims

... of these areas contain neurons selective for various stimulus dimensions (orientation, direction of motion, disparity, color) ...

... of these areas contain neurons selective for various stimulus dimensions (orientation, direction of motion, disparity, color) ...

Networks of Spiking Neurons: The Third Generation of

... These are also referred to as perceptrons or threshold gates. They give rise to a variety of neural network models such as multilayer perceptrons (also called threshold circuits), Hopfield nets, and Boltzmann machines. A characteristic feature of these models is that they can only give digital outpu ...

... These are also referred to as perceptrons or threshold gates. They give rise to a variety of neural network models such as multilayer perceptrons (also called threshold circuits), Hopfield nets, and Boltzmann machines. A characteristic feature of these models is that they can only give digital outpu ...

Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)

... When an axon of cell A is near enough to excite a cell B and repeatedly or persistently takes part in firing it, some growth process or metabolic change takes place in one or both cells, such that A’s efficiency as one of the cells firing B, is increased. Hebb Rule 4wi,j = λ oi oj Instrumental in Bi ...

... When an axon of cell A is near enough to excite a cell B and repeatedly or persistently takes part in firing it, some growth process or metabolic change takes place in one or both cells, such that A’s efficiency as one of the cells firing B, is increased. Hebb Rule 4wi,j = λ oi oj Instrumental in Bi ...

Rudolf Steiner University College, Norway International Master

... combines heaven and earth you can reach from your bench after the refreshing Finnish smokesauna. I think that this kind of inner space for independent thinking with the experience of total freedom to use own thinking capacity in an ethical way is needed as a preparation for creativity. Urpo Harva (1 ...

... combines heaven and earth you can reach from your bench after the refreshing Finnish smokesauna. I think that this kind of inner space for independent thinking with the experience of total freedom to use own thinking capacity in an ethical way is needed as a preparation for creativity. Urpo Harva (1 ...

Towards a Computational Model of Analogical Arguments

... The result of the studies of analogical arguments that we have outlined here, present several problems for current computational models. First, it is clear that people can understand analogical arguments though, as we have seen, they do not find them especially more convincing than a straight factua ...

... The result of the studies of analogical arguments that we have outlined here, present several problems for current computational models. First, it is clear that people can understand analogical arguments though, as we have seen, they do not find them especially more convincing than a straight factua ...

Fading memory and kernel properties of generic cortical microcircuit

... input rates that were used more than 30 ms ago. Firing rates r(t) were randomly drawn from the uniform distribution over [0 Hz, 80 Hz] every 30 ms, and input spike trains 1 and 2 were generated for the present 30 ms time segment as independent Poisson spike trains with this ﬁring rate r(t). This pro ...

... input rates that were used more than 30 ms ago. Firing rates r(t) were randomly drawn from the uniform distribution over [0 Hz, 80 Hz] every 30 ms, and input spike trains 1 and 2 were generated for the present 30 ms time segment as independent Poisson spike trains with this ﬁring rate r(t). This pro ...

On the relevance of time in neural computation and learning

... multi-layer biological neural systems with at least 10 synaptic stages (“layers”) are able to complete complex computations within just 150 ms [11, 54]. Each neuron can contribute at most 1 or 2 spikes to such computation. This is demonstrated in Fig. 2, which also shows that inter-spike intervals t ...

... multi-layer biological neural systems with at least 10 synaptic stages (“layers”) are able to complete complex computations within just 150 ms [11, 54]. Each neuron can contribute at most 1 or 2 spikes to such computation. This is demonstrated in Fig. 2, which also shows that inter-spike intervals t ...

Representation, Computation, and Observer

... in terms of 1s and 0s, we could just as easily have given it in terms of voltages, as in table 3. Brooks captures something of the sense of what I mean when he writes that “[t]he best that can be said [of computation] is that one number is passed from a process to another” [4, p. 144], although in t ...

... in terms of 1s and 0s, we could just as easily have given it in terms of voltages, as in table 3. Brooks captures something of the sense of what I mean when he writes that “[t]he best that can be said [of computation] is that one number is passed from a process to another” [4, p. 144], although in t ...

The Resilience of Computationalism - Philsci

... are temporally unconstrained in the sense that they can be defined and individuated in terms of computational steps, independently of how much time it takes to complete a step. More accurately, this point applies to algorithmic (i.e., step by step) computations. Many neural networks that perform com ...

... are temporally unconstrained in the sense that they can be defined and individuated in terms of computational steps, independently of how much time it takes to complete a step. More accurately, this point applies to algorithmic (i.e., step by step) computations. Many neural networks that perform com ...

chapter one

... to resemble the neuron with multiple inputs and a single output. However, this similarity does not really begin to model the complex electrochemical processes that actually go on inside a neuron. The perceptron is a very simple mathematical representation of the neuron. ...

... to resemble the neuron with multiple inputs and a single output. However, this similarity does not really begin to model the complex electrochemical processes that actually go on inside a neuron. The perceptron is a very simple mathematical representation of the neuron. ...

Neural Crest - bthsresearch

... – Cartilage, bone, cranial neurons, glia and connective tissues of the face, bones of middle ear, jaw, tooth primordia ...

... – Cartilage, bone, cranial neurons, glia and connective tissues of the face, bones of middle ear, jaw, tooth primordia ...

Edge of chaos and prediction of computational performance for

... networks (Kauffman, 1993), and Ising-spin models (networks of threshold elements) (Derrida, 1987). By changing some global parameters of the system, e.g. connectivity structure or the functional dependence of the output of an element on the output of other elements, one can change the dynamics of th ...

... networks (Kauffman, 1993), and Ising-spin models (networks of threshold elements) (Derrida, 1987). By changing some global parameters of the system, e.g. connectivity structure or the functional dependence of the output of an element on the output of other elements, one can change the dynamics of th ...

Neurulation I (Pevny)

... Neural plate is firmly anchored to adjacent tissues at hinge points (to the notochord for MHP an Epidermal ectoderm for the DLHP. 2. Neuroepithelial cell wedging within the hinge-points generates furrowing. 3. Forces for folding are generated lateral to the hinge points by the expanding epidermal ec ...

... Neural plate is firmly anchored to adjacent tissues at hinge points (to the notochord for MHP an Epidermal ectoderm for the DLHP. 2. Neuroepithelial cell wedging within the hinge-points generates furrowing. 3. Forces for folding are generated lateral to the hinge points by the expanding epidermal ec ...

Spiking neural networks for vision tasks

... Problem description: Neural networks have achieved striking results in object recognition tasks lately. However, most networks, like standard convolutional networks, work on full images/frames and are expensive with respect to computing resources. This heavily restricts their use in real-time applic ...

... Problem description: Neural networks have achieved striking results in object recognition tasks lately. However, most networks, like standard convolutional networks, work on full images/frames and are expensive with respect to computing resources. This heavily restricts their use in real-time applic ...

Logic and Complexity in Cognitive Science

... and told that all cards have a number on one side and a letter on the other. The faces visible to the subject read D, K , 3, and 7. The subject is then told “Every card which has a D on one side has a 3 on the other” and asked which cards they need to turn over to verify this rule. From a classical ...

... and told that all cards have a number on one side and a letter on the other. The faces visible to the subject read D, K , 3, and 7. The subject is then told “Every card which has a D on one side has a 3 on the other” and asked which cards they need to turn over to verify this rule. From a classical ...

Illumination: an affective experience?

... creativity process and a descriptive discussion of the creativity process. Although both of these discussions have their roots in stage theories of creativity they make use of these stages in very different ways. The prescriptive discussion of the creative process is primarily focused on the initiat ...

... creativity process and a descriptive discussion of the creativity process. Although both of these discussions have their roots in stage theories of creativity they make use of these stages in very different ways. The prescriptive discussion of the creative process is primarily focused on the initiat ...

Einstein On Creative Thinking - Peoria High School Vocal Music Page

... secondary translation step --after he was able to solve his problems through the formal manipulation of internally imagined images, feelings, and architectures. "I very rarely think in words at all. A thought comes, and I may try to express it in wordsafterwards," he wrote (Wertheimer, 1959, 213; Pa ...

... secondary translation step --after he was able to solve his problems through the formal manipulation of internally imagined images, feelings, and architectures. "I very rarely think in words at all. A thought comes, and I may try to express it in wordsafterwards," he wrote (Wertheimer, 1959, 213; Pa ...

Annex B - SEDRIS

... are intended to broaden their conceptual approach to implementations. These guidelines are specific to Earth related spatial operations but most of them are applicable to the more general case. ...

... are intended to broaden their conceptual approach to implementations. These guidelines are specific to Earth related spatial operations but most of them are applicable to the more general case. ...

ALGORITHMICS - Universitatea de Vest din Timisoara

... About solving ill-posed problems Well posed problem: - It exists a formal model associated to the problem - It exists a solving algorithm ...

... About solving ill-posed problems Well posed problem: - It exists a formal model associated to the problem - It exists a solving algorithm ...

IMPROVING OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS

... All ANNs can be parallelized in several levels. First, perceptron can be parallelized per layer. In other words, all outputs of neuronsper layer can be calculated at the same time because of thesimple form of its activation function. On the other hand, each layer must be calculated sequentially beca ...

... All ANNs can be parallelized in several levels. First, perceptron can be parallelized per layer. In other words, all outputs of neuronsper layer can be calculated at the same time because of thesimple form of its activation function. On the other hand, each layer must be calculated sequentially beca ...