is discontinuous bergsonism possible?
... 1944,196) . This was an extremely difficult task. As Bergson pointed
out in the Essai, “all dynamic representation is distasteful to reflective
consciousness”.6 However, “concepts are necessary [to reach
intuition], for all the other sciences work as a rule with concepts, and
metaphysics cannot disp ...
Island Universe Problems - [email protected]
... interacted with, or could possibly ever interact with in the future. You are spatiotemporally
related to all of those things, and you and them are all parts, or inhabitants, of the actual
world. Imagine a part of the actual world that was not spatiotemporally related to you - a
segment of existence ...
Island Universes and the Analysis of Modality
... unified; the maximal such unified regions are the worlds. On this basic strategy, I am in
agreement with Lewis. But I disagree with Lewis over two substantial issues having to do with
the manner of unification. First, for Lewis, all worlds are globally unified (or almost globally
unified): at any wo ...
... antirealist with respect to theories. Thus Bohr referred to the state vector or the
wave function as a symbolic representation. Usually symbolic language stands
in contrast to literal language. Bohr associated the latter form of representation
with what can be visualized in space and time. Quantum s ...
Three Meanings of Epistemic Rhetoric
... the first and third meanings argued in this paper and is therefore somewhat more complicated and
subtle. In this view, whether rhetoric properly leads to the discovery of all truth is problematic.
This position avoids knotty problems of the role of rhetoric in science, mathematics, etc., by
Constructing and Representing Reality: Hegel and the Making of
... stands in clear contrast to Plato, who finds reality only in celestial ideas.
Based on his Theory of Forms—the view that nonmaterial abstract (but
substantial) forms (or ideas), not the material world of change known
to us through sensation, possess the highest, most fundamental reality—Plato denoun ...
Is Structural Spacetime Realism Relationism in Disguise
... opinion we should believe in the existence of electrons or quarks for the same reasons that we
grant mind-independent existence to tables and chairs: not only do we perceive them
(although indirectly), but we measure and manipulate them to obtain our aims. Antirealists
about entities typically use e ...
The Relevance of Kant's Objection to Anselm's Ontological Argument
... aim instead is to show how Anselm’s ontological argument is, like Meinong,
committed to the idea that existence is a real property, a property that some
things might have and others might lack, a property that does ‘ make an addition ’
to a thing.
James Van Cleve’s equivalent interpretation of Kant’ ...
... representation, and that the demonstration only serves to conﬁrm
its exactness. I also disagree with him on this point.
“I already mentioned a signiﬁcant event that occurred only recently (the discovery of the unity of science) but another, less
promising one, had preceded it—and almost prevented it ...
moving beyond unification and modeling: a reconsideration of
... not of things but of structures. For this reason, the appeal to
quantum field theory begins to undermine the very project
of constructing an ontology, properly understood as studying things, which indicates that there are other ways of doing
metaphysics.1 French (1998) makes a similar point.
Real, invented or applied? Some reflections on scientific objectivity
... For the realist, epistemological objectivity depends on ontological objectivity, namely for
our beliefs to be objective we ought to assume the independent existence of determinate
facts, objects, properties, events, etc. (i.e., an ‘objective’ ontology). For the anti-realist,
epistemological objectiv ...
reply to JJ Valberg - Keele Research Repository
... legitimacy of the phenomenal conception, it has no real place in his account. It serves
primarily to provide his diagnosis of where others go wrong, and within his own account, it
strikes me as merely an awkwardness. For on the one hand, Valberg thinks that the
phenomenal conception, since it applie ...
Subjects, Objects, Data and Values
... conference — the meeting of art and science. Science is all about subjects and objects and particularly data, but it
excludes values. Art is concerned primarily with values but doesn't really pay much attention to scientific data and
sometimes excludes objects. My own work is concerned with a Metaph ...
Problems Of Metaphysical Philosophy
... The word problem as used in this context is a noun and it could mean difficulty, puzzle or
question to which answer or solution has to be given. When we therefore speak of the problems
of metaphysical philosophy we have in mind those recurrent issues in metaphysics which border
on human existence an ...
THE UNTRUTH AND THE TRUTH OF SKEPTICISM
... But however attractive these accounts of existence may be, they are not enough.
Modal notions, such as Mill's "possibility," cry out for explanation;
subjunctive conditionals, essential to any officially phenomenalist account, are
probably the most unclear kind of statement; the Fregean notion of a ...
Review of Peter Loptson, Reality: Fundamental Topics in Metaphysics
... that the page I hold now and the page I held a few moments ago are not two
momentary objects but rather are literally identical, one and the same object, which
merely happens to exist now as well as to have existed a few moments ago, though
presumably undergoing some alteration. I am not interested ...
DIRECT REALISM WITHOUT MATERIALISM
... "In the case of being appeared to, there is something, one's being appeared
to in a certain way, that one interprets as being a sign of some external
fact" (Chisholm's italics).xi And: "if, for example, you look outside and see
a dog, then you see it by means of visual sensations that are called up ...
1 Graham Priest. One: Being an investigation into the Unity of
... fringe views for which he is well-known, speaks to its power and elegance. For this reason One
could also serve as a panoramic introduction to Priest’s work generally. But a review of this size
can only highlight its peaks at the expense of details in the valleys.
Unities are more than just the sum ...
The Issue of Correspondence between Scientific Law and Ultimate
... eventually reach the level of absolute knowing, in which its knowledge is completely united with
the noumenal world. But I argue that this leap occurs only within Hegel’s philosophical
imagination, and therefore we cannot extrapolate his conception of absolute knowing to help
illuminate the issue of ...
... appear in a number of things or events numerical distinct. It
is an identity in difference.
a. And since there is identity in difference throughout
the scale of experience, universals comprehend the
whole range of apprehension and reflection.
b. An inquiry into the nature of universals will embrace
1 - PhilPapers
... need any sophisticated philosophical explanations. We need merely
look around, because possible worlds are just more things of that
sort. There are like remote planets (cf. Kripke, 1972, p. 44), although
most of them are much bigger and are not remote. His argument —
called also the argument from wa ...
OBJECTIONS TO REALISM Introduction: There are a bewildering
... seeing things as having certain characteristics one never saw them as having before--very much
the way in which one first sees the picture as being of a rabbit and then, without drawing
inferences or reaching conclusions, suddenly sees it as a picture of a duck.
Does "seeing as" point us to a phenom ...
Concepts and Objects
... within nature, Sellars develops an inferentialist account of the normative structure
of conception that allows him to prosecute a scientific realism unencumbered by the
epistemological strictures of empiricism.5 In doing so, Sellars augurs a new alliance between post-Kantian rationalism and post-Dar ...
L. Notes - School of Computing
... Immanuel Kant is a modern Idealist: Kant
believed that the moral principle could be
summed up in what he called the Categorical
Imperative. He had two formulations of this
1) "Act only according to that maxim by which you
can at the same time will that it should become a
universal law" ( ...
... neither out of themselves, 2. nor out of something else, 3. nor out of
both, 4. nor without a cause. (tetralemma: a figure in Ancient Greek and
Eastern logic with four possibilities.) This kind of tetralemma refutes
the four modern views of reality as above mentioned. This shows that
Reality is the conjectured state of things as they actually exist, rather than as they may appear or might be imagined. In a wider definition, reality includes everything that is and has been, whether or not it is observable or comprehensible. A still broader definition includes everything that has existed, exists, or will exist.Philosophers, mathematicians, and other ancient and modern thinkers, such as Aristotle, Plato, Frege, Wittgenstein, and Russell, have made a distinction between thought corresponding to reality, coherent abstractions (thoughts of things that are imaginable but not real), and that which cannot even be rationally thought. By contrast existence is often restricted solely to that which has physical existence or has a direct basis in it in the way that thoughts do in the brain.Reality is often contrasted with what is imaginary, delusional, (only) in the mind, dreams, what is false, what is fictional, or what is abstract. At the same time, what is abstract plays a role both in everyday life and in academic research. For instance, causality, virtue, life and distributive justice are abstract concepts that can be difficult to define, but they are only rarely equated with pure delusions. Both the existence and reality of abstractions are in dispute: one extreme position regards them as mere words; another position regards them as higher truths than less abstract concepts. This disagreement is the basis of the philosophical problem of universals.The truth refers to what is real, while falsity refers to what is not. Fictions are considered not real.