Estimating the costs of gender-based violence in the European
... Gender-based violence is perceived as one of the most severe forms of gender inequality and it remains one of the
most pervasive human rights violations of modern time. It is an issue that affects women disproportionally as it is
directly connected with the unequal distribution of power between wome ...
Professional Perceptions of Domestic Violence
... Relationships Australia in that professionals in practice should base their approaches
on an integrative level to meet the needs of each perpetrator (Partnerships Against
Domestic Violence, 2003). The data add credibility to the organisations’ argument of
this model being an effective one for profe ...
instrumental and reactive violence - DalSpace
... male (FBI, 2007; Statistics Canada, 2003). Given these figures, a greater understanding
of violent crime committed by male offenders appears necessary. The research detailed in
this dissertation investigates predictors of the nature of violence committed by male
offenders. This research examines var ...
Unseen, unheard: Gender-based violence in disasters
... The study adopts the definition of GBV agreed by the Inter-Agency Standing
Committee (IASC) in its Guidelines for Integrating Gender-based Violence in
Humanitarian Action.1 It states that gender-based violence is:
An umbrella term for any harmful act that is perpetrated against a person’s will and t ...
batterer intervention programs - The Advocates for Human Rights
... domestic violence is a form of violence against women that stems from the historically unequal
power relations between women and men. Maintaining victim safety is the programs’ first
priority. The goal of offender programs is to end the violence by encouraging batterers to accept
responsibility for ...
Complicated Matters: A toolkit addressing domestic and sexual
... and substance abuse are more
vulnerable to further violence.
Yet, in undergraduate medical
education, the relationship between
violence or trauma, mental health
conditions and drug/alcohol abuse
is rarely discussed. Nor is the
clinical competence to respond
appropriately to the intersection of
Abuse and Violence - Two Rocks Medical Centre
... of a child under 18 years of age (16 years of age in New South Wales, 17 years of age in Victoria)
• Adult survivors of child abuse – adults who experienced physical, sexual, or emotional abuse or
neglect during their childhood or adolescence
• Sexual violence – any sexual act, attempt to obtain a ...
DoD Care for Victims of Sexual Assault Task Force Report, 2004
... The Task Force identified 35 key findings relevant to current sexual assault policies and
programs among the Services and DoD, and proposed 9 broad recommendations for
immediate, near-term, and long-term corrective action.
Sexual Assault Data and Definition
DoD-wide, data systems and records on repo ...
A Review of the Literature on Sexual Assault Perpetrator
... published in 2000 or later. Our literature search focused on the current state of scientific
knowledge and was not limited to studies focusing on military populations. We uncovered a
substantial amount of research devoted to understanding sexual assault perpetration, including
the common characteris ...
Full Text - Association of Domestic Violence Intervention Programs
... occurs in a group format. The crux of the Duluth intervention is to illuminate underlying beliefs held by men about their privilege in society and the unequal, subservient
position they believe women should maintain (S. Miller, 2010; Pence & Paymar, 1993).
The Duluth model includes representations s ...
Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) handbook
... attempted or completed rape as a child and/or adult. i At the same time, sexual assault remains
one of the most underreported of all violent crimes in the United States. However, recent data
indicates that more victims are beginning to come forward and report the crime of rape. ii T The
2007 Nationa ...
Investigation and Prosecution of Sexual and Gender
... Once a decision is made to investigate and before the investigation
commences, the OTP considers the following issues: what are the most
serious of the crimes, if any, being perpetrated within the Court’s
jurisdiction, including sexual and gender-based crimes? What is the most
appropriate factual co ...
Rape Myth Beliefs and Bystander Attitudes Among Incoming
... of the underlying beliefs that the girls and women did something to contribute to the assault and that it is not completely the perpetrator’s fault still exist but in more covert
expressions. For example, in a study conducted with college
student-athletes, McMahon38 found that respondents would
Bystander Behavior Intervention in Risky Sexual Assault Situations
... impact bystander behavior. Dardis et al., (2015) found that men who commit sexual
assault believe that their peers endorse higher levels of rape myth acceptance and
hypergender ideology, suggesting that perceptions of these peer beliefs may impact
behavior related to risky sexual assault situations. ...
Substance Use and Sexual Violence
... following an assault. Substance abuse and sexual victimization both
carry a great deal of social stigma in and of themselves, and when a
victim/survivor holds both, the stigma can be especially difficult to
overcome. This stigma can compound the challenges of the healing
process and increase feeling ...
Sexual harassment in the workplace
... organizational climate and job gender context. The outcomes of sexual harassment fall into three
categories: job outcomes (satisfaction, job and work withdrawal), individual psychological outcomes
(distress, trauma), and health outcomes (physical outcomes and health satisfaction). The empirical
... Exposure to sexual violence has been associated with a variety of negative mental health
outcomes across types of samples and communities (Brener, McMahon, Warren, &
Douglas, 1999; Campbell & Soeken, 1999). Research shows victims of sexual violence
commonly experience a host of negative repercussion ...
ACAPS, Other Situations of Violence in the Northern Triangle of
... Violence and organised crime have led to the loss of public spaces.
The law of “see, hear, and be silent" results in self-censorship and limitations on
freedom of expression among the community, reducing participation.
Mistrust generates an increasingly claustrophobic situation. Confinement be ...
Do Sex and Violence Sell? - American Psychological Association
... ROI because there are no results to show for the expensive ad
placement other than the fact that many people saw the ad.
In fact, research suggests that large audiences do not necessarily
yield the best ROI, at least in terms of proxy measures used when
actual profit data are unavailable. For exampl ...
Child Sexual Abuse: A Cursory Review of Risk and Protective
... environments.35 Lower family income (poverty)36 and living in communities (environment) with
high rates of violence37 have also been identified in the literature as risk factors, although there
is lack of consensus around these risk factors in the literature.
Working in Fear, Sexual Violence Against Women Farmworkers in
... criminal charges. In addition to low reporting rates, those incidences that
are reported are seldom investigated or prosecuted.
Furthermore, one of the most significant challenges to addressing
the issue is the difficulty in gathering data about the s ...
Strategies to Prevent Urban Violence
... areas to improve the long-term health and well-being of the American public and identified
violent behavior, related to guns, as a priority to address (Dahlberg and Mercy, 2009). In 1999,
the CDC report Best Practices of Youth Violence Prevention: A Sourcebook for Community
Action continued the conv ...
... research with migrant workers in the Midwest has lead to the creation of bilingual, interactive performances designed to
engage spectators in informed responses to gender violence and its interface with immigration. These performances have
been adapted and accompanying activities have been developed ...
Sexual violence is any sexual act or attempt to obtain a sexual act by violence or coercion, unwanted sexual comments or advances, acts to traffic a person or acts directed against a person's sexuality, regardless of the relationship to the victim. It occurs in times of peace and armed conflict situations, is widespread and is considered to be one of the most traumatic, pervasive, and most common human rights violations.Sexual violence is a serious public health problem and has a profound short or long-term impact on physical and mental health, such as an increased risk of sexual and reproductive health problems or an increased risk of suicide or HIV infection. Murder occurring either during a sexual assault or as a result of an honor killing in response to a sexual assault is also a factor of sexual violence. Though women and girls suffer disproportionately from these aspects, sexual violence can occur to anybody at any age; it is an act of violence that can be perpetrated by parents, caregivers, acquaintances and strangers, as well as intimate partners. It is rarely a crime of passion, and is rather an aggressive act that frequently aims to express power and dominance over the victim.Sexual violence remains highly stigmatized in all settings, thus levels of disclosure of the assault vary between regions. In general, it is a widely underreported phenomenon, thus available data tend to underestimate the true scale of the problem. In addition, sexual violence is also a neglected area of research, thus deeper understanding of the issue is imperative in order to promote a coordinated movement against it. Domestic sexual violence is distinguished from conflict-related sexual violence. Often, people who coerce their spouses into sexual acts believe their actions are legitimate because they are married. In times of conflict, sexual violence tends to be an inevitable repercussion of warfare trapped in an ongoing cycle of impunity. Rape of women and of men is often used as a method of warfare (war rape), as a form of attack on the enemy, typifying the conquest and degradation of its women or men or captured male or female fighters. Even if strongly prohibited by IHRL, Customary law and IHL, enforcement mechanisms are still fragile or even non-existent in many corners of the world.From a historical perspective, sexual violence was considered as only happening to women and as being commonplace and ""normal"" during both war and peace times from the Ancient Greeks to the 20th century. This led to the negligence of any indications of what the methods, aims and magnitude of such violence was. It took until the end of the 20th century for sexual violence to no longer be considered a minor issue and to gradually become criminalized, with a wider focus on the victims.