THE THEORY OF COMMUNICATIVE ACTION
... though Mead took no notice of the linguistic turn in philosophy, looking
back today one finds astonishing convergences between his social psy-
The Four-Field Model
... US Civil War or Indian Wars of the late
19th century at the Smithsonian and orchestrating support for them by the Bureau of American Ethnology, of which
he was the first Director in 1879 (Meltzer 1985: 250; Worster 2001: 398). His
intellectual goal was to found a “science
of man” on the basis of res ...
Social and Cultural Anthropology: The Key Concepts
... values or forms of thought, and their connection to certain fundamental
The key concepts signalled in this book are to be regarded in a
comparable way: they are discursive nodes from which a broader,
interconnected landscape of anthropological work and understanding
should become apparen ...
the nature of scientific theory
... Theory is a mental activity revolving around the process of developing
ideas that explain how and why events occur. Theory is constructed with
several basic elements or building blocks: (1) concepts, (2) variables, and (3)
statements/formats. Although there are many divergent claims about what
1 what is anthropology? - McGraw Hill Higher Education
... do things? How do we make sense of the world?
How do we tell right from wrong? What is right,
and what is wrong? A culture produces a degree of
consistency in behavior and thought among the
people who live in a particular society.
The most critical element of cultural traditions
is their transmissio ...
Anthropology in the middle - Anthropology Emory
... name-dropping, on the one hand, or unintended omission, on the other. In attempting
an account that is short as well as broad, my references are only telegraphic (full citations for authors mentioned without reference are available on-line).1
Other caveats also apply. My characterizations apply larg ...
Ludwig Lachmann from a Critical Realist Perspective
... Lachmann understands choice as the opposite of action that is determined by antecedently sufficient
causal conditions (determinism), and his explicit remarks suggest that he rejects each of the three varieties
of determinism distinguished by Hodgson (2004, pp. 58-62). Lachmann clearly rejects what H ...
The Wicked Nature of Social Systems
... and feedback. Your support has been essential for this thesis, not least for helping me translate some of the more obscure ideas within complexity science to
better fit a sociological audience. I also wish to thank my excellent assistant
supervisor, Justus Uitermark at UvA in Amsterdam. I am gratef ...
`Spatial Articulation of the State: Reworking Social Relations and
... In this context it has been argued since the 1980s that the production and reproduction
of spatial relationships has been overlooked in social science, and that classical thinkers
such as Marx and Engels “prioritise time and history over space and geography”
(Harvey 1985, p.141). Recent events have ...
... and hold themselves more responsible for outcomes over which they have more direct
and salient control (relative to others and to random effects).
There are fewer related experimental papers on communication. It is intuitive
that communication with the third party should limit unkindness to this par ...
I The social life of things - Home | Townsend Working Groups
... several kinds of anthropology. They constitute the first principles and
the last resort of archeologists. They are the stuffof "material culture,"
which unites archeologists with several kinds of cultural anthropol
ogists. As valuables, they are at the heart of economic anthropology
and, not least, ...
History and Theory in Anthropology
... impossible to engage in ethnography without some idea of what is important and what is not. Students often ask what anthropological theory is for;
they could as easily ask what ethnography is for! Ideally, ethnography
serves to enhance our understanding of culture in the abstract and deWne
the essen ...
Levels and Dimensions of Discourse Analysis
... depends on the interpretation of these activities and their relations with
the verbal dimension of discourse. Although the more specific discourse
implications of research on nonverbal communication are being drawn
only recently, it is obvious that we here find another crucial approach
to the descri ...
Download Full Article
... external reserves. Their study identified East Asia countries as the greatest world seekers of foreign reserves
while OECD countries are the lowest. In the study they posed some of these questions: why do many countries
accumulate international reserves? What are the roles of reserves in an era of c ...
Where is anthropology? - DAN
... and from there on to the Bororo, by way of the Kwakiutl, in the Sixties the academic
community discovered that it was the approach, and not the subject matter, that
unwittingly had always defined the anthropological endeavor. Lévi-Strauss played an
important role in this change of consciousness by ...
Anthropology and Archaeology: A changing relationship
... anthropological information on exchange to interpret archaeological evidence. I have worked
for the last ten years in Papua New Guinea, where I excavated a series of sites but also
collected genealogies, oral histories and information on changing forms of exchange and
ritual. Through this work I hav ...
Visions of Culture : an Introduction to Anthropological Theories and
... who shaped modern anthropology. Other texts on anthropological theory emphasize ideas over individuals, but I believe there
are good reasons for a biographical structure. Ideas do not exist
in the ether; they take shape in the experiences of individuals.
Obviously, certain ideas become generally hel ...
Kinship Terms in Arabic language
... but also locally recognized to fall outside the literal scope of kin relations (however
these may be locally construct in relation to local concepts of biological relation).
Such kin is "pseudo" in that the metaphorical quality of the kin terms used to describe
its relations is locally and openly ac ...
Causality and Complexity in the Works of Pierre Bourdieu
... bifurcation: there are various alternative paths the system could take, but not any development
is possible at any time, the field and range of possibilities is conditioned by the objective
conditions of existence of the system; this again is an aspect of necessity, but it is not
determined which pa ...
Families Kinship and Descent
... Student’s Online Learning Center—this free web-based student supplement features many of
the same tools as the Student CD-ROM (so students can access these materials either online or
on CD, whichever is convenient), but also includes:
Rethinking hybridity and mestizaje
... “Hybridization as creolization involves fusion, the creation of a new form, which can
then be set against the old form, of which it is partly made up. Hybridization as
‘raceless chaos’1 by contrast, produces no stable new form but rather something closer
to Bhabha’s restless, uneasy, interstitial hy ...
... latter interpretation, the question of whether the dominant power is a state, a group of states or
some other combination of public and private power is left as an open question. What is of
larger importance is that whatever power that holds the hegemonic position it is sustained not
merely by forc ...
Ethnography of Nigeria - National Open University of Nigeria
... other. You will understand such relationships as we go along.
However, it is important to point out some distinguishing features of
Anthropology as compared to the study of other social sciences:
Sociology, Political Science, Psychology, Mass Communication and
others. These features are the followin ...
1 Structuration Theory and Self-Organization Christian Fuchs1
... upon an imperialism of the subject, functionalism and structuralism propose an imperialism of
the social object. One of my principal ambitions in the formulation of structuration theory is
to put an end to each of these empire-building endeavours” (Giddens 1984 , p. 2). For
Giddens, both approaches ...
Structural anthropology is a school of anthropology based on Claude Lévi-Strauss' idea that immutable deep structures exist in all cultures, and consequently, that all cultural practices have homologous counterparts in other cultures, essentially that all cultures are equitable.Lévi-Strauss' approach arose in large part from dialectics expounded on by Marx and Hegel, though dialectics (as a concept) dates back to Ancient Greek philosophy. Hegel explains that every situation presents two opposing things and their resolution; he called these ""thesis, antithesis, and synthesis."" Lévi-Strauss argued that cultures also have this structure. He showed, for example, how opposing ideas would fight and were resolved to establish the rules of marriage, mythology and ritual. This approach, he felt, made for fresh new ideas. He stated:people think about the world in terms of binary opposites—such as high and low, inside and outside, person and animal, life and death—and that every culture can be understood in terms of these opposites. ""From the very start,"" he wrote, ""the process of visual perception makes use of binary oppositions.Only those who practice structural analysis are aware of what they are actually trying to do: that is, to reunite perspectives that the ""narrow"" scientific outlook of recent centuries believed to be mutually exclusive: sensibility and intellect, quality and quantity, the concrete and the geometrical, or as we say today, the ""etic"" and the ""emic.""In South America he showed that there are ""dual organizations"" throughout Amazon rainforest cultures, and that these ""dual organizations"" represent opposites and their synthesis. For instance, Gê tribes of the Amazon were found to divide their villages into two rival halves; however, the members of opposite halves married each other. This illustrated two opposites in conflict and then resolved.Culture, he claimed, has to take into account both life and death and needs to have a way of mediating between the two. Mythology (see his several-volume Mythologies) unites opposites in diverse ways.Three of the most prominent structural anthropologists are Lévi-Strauss himself and the British neo-structuralists Rodney Needham and Edmund Leach. The latter was the author of such essays as ""Time and False Noses"" [in Rethinking Anthropology].