Water conflict in the Middle East and North Africa
Water conflict in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) primarily deals with three major river basins: the Jordan River Basin, the Tigris-Euphrates River Basin, and the Nile River Basin. The MENA region covers roughly 11.1 million square km. There are three major deserts in the MENA region: The Sahara Desert, comprising large sections of Libya and Egypt. Rub' al Khali, in the southern Arabian Peninsula. Baidat El-Sham, in the northern Arabian Peninsula.Additionally, much of Iran is covered in desert. Average annual rainfall is less than 100 mm in 65% of the region, between 100 and 300 mm in 15% of the region, and more than 300mm in the remaining region.