Origins of Self-Knowledge: Section Summary
... When individuals operate under positive illusions, self-serving biases, and other
biases about their “self,” are they doing themselves (and others) a disservice? Why
or why not? How are such tendencies adaptive? If these illusions are adaptive, why
do people in collectivist cultures not show these t ...
... involvement audience?
How do you get people who have little frame of reference
to see your view point?
How can differing viewpoints agree?
... Trait theory- does not consider the biology of where traits come from, just that they exist.
All trait theorists agree upon that human have certain ranges of traits
Psycho-analytics deals with the unconscious, past experiences, certain inner conflicts,
therapies for getting to the root of these conf ...
The Self - WordPress.com
... forming the self
By acting the way we think others expect us to act, we end up
confirming these perceptions (self-fulfilling prophecy)
The Looking-Glass Self
The process of imagining the reactions of others toward us
Module 59: Social-Cognitive Theories and Exploring the Self
... • Self-esteem – one’s feelings of high or low selfworth (beliefs about self-worth)
– High self-esteem = sleep better, are more persistent
on difficult tasks, are less shy, anxious, and lonely,
and are happier
– Low self-esteem = are more likely to be critical,
oversensitive, and disparage others
• I ...
Chapter 3 – A Critical Approach to Popular Culture
... of the prevailing social definitions of situations that
bear on experience through time.”
The life course is therefore about the becoming of self.
How does Popular Culture facilitate this process?
George Herbert Mead
... “The ‘I’ is the response of the organism to the attitudes of the others; the ‘me’ is the
organized set of attitudes of others which one himself assumes” (380a3).
I as subject. Me as object.
Oscillations and vacillations of the self. Dancing in the nude … sudden selfconsciousness. Being caught up in ...
... nature point of view. Biology is the basis of all
social behavior. HEREDITY is the transmission of
genetic characteristics from parents to children.
An INSTINCT is biologically inherited trait.
The nurture argument is that personality is the
result of one’s social environment and learning.
The Humanistic Approach to Personality
... what is good for the self but often ignore what is good
for the general welfare of others
• It is too optimistic – the belief that all humans are
driven by a positive and innate growth potential maybe
... self concept.
People often conform to their culture’s expectations
about how those of their gender should act.
Every society creates a set of expectations regarding the
behaviours appropriate for men and women and
... 2. As we grow older, the expectations &
attitudes of society become more important.
(referred to as the generalized other.)
3. *Interaction is key to children being able to
do this. Mead also believed that under age 3
childen lack a sense of self & that at age 3
they begin to act out the roles of sp ...
... contribution by studying
SELF AND OTHER
... • Animal touches own forehead rather than the
mirror image self awareness
• Control test: chimps who were unfamiliar with
mirrors did not react to the red mark on
The Self - Gordon State College
... knowledge you have about your own experiences
Surgency – You may be high or low on a trait. But is
the trait important?
In our culture, we are taught to view ourselves as
unique and independent
Chapter 12 Development of the Self and Social Cognition
... Self-Esteem cont...
– Social Contributors to Self-Esteem
• Parenting Styles- Parents can play a crucial role in
shaping a child's self-esteem. The sensitivity of
parenting early in childhood clearly influences
whether infants and toddlers construct positive or
negative working models of self
• Peer ...
Knowing and Valuing Self
... Operant Conditioning: The process by which a response
becomes more likely to occur or less so, depending on its
Reinforcer: A stimulus or event that strengthens or
increases the probability of the response it follows.
Punisher: A stimulus or event that weakens or decreases
the pr ...
Nature vs. Nurture
... See: “The Wild Boy of Aveyron”-boy who
walked on all fours and could not speak found
in the forests of Aveyron France; would devour
raw meat uncooked and showed no sensitivity
to feeling the cold.
answers - Ms. Paras
... Equity / a condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give
Altruism / helping behavior; helps reduce tendency toward bystander effect
Prejudice / an undeserved, usually negative, attitude toward a group of people
Just world bias / belief that world is an o ...
PSY325: Summer 2007
... Halo effect says that people often attribute other positive characteristics to attractive people simply because
they are beautiful
We use the attractive quality as the basis around which we make all other attributions
In many ways we like to be around them which can lead us to act positively toward ...
General Psychology Notes - Theories of Personality
... may not have developed impersonal reflective thinking
* Sensation - believe in what one can see and touch
oriented toward action and often lack imagination
future not important since it does not exist in concrete form
tend not to deal with philosophical questions/meaning of life and death
* Intuitio ...
The Self in a Social World
... Body Language
• Body language is an important contributor to forming
person schemas. It provides important cues about a
person’s thoughts, attitudes, and feelings. Examples
of body language are eye contact patterns, body
posture, touching, gazing and staring.
• Body language does vary by culture. T ...
socialization - Cobb Learning
... LGS is an interactive process
by which we develop an
image of ourselves based on
how we imagine we appear
tranquillity - Worcester Research and Publications
... • Became actively involved and ran their own
TZ/DZ in the local hospital
• Most have become educational achievers
school, in FE and in degree courses. The
first to do to Uni said this was never
remotely regarded as a possible aspiration.
Psychology of self
The psychology of self is the study of either the cognitive, conative or affective representation of one's identity or the subject of experience. The earliest formulation of the self in modern psychology derived from the distinction between the self as I, the subjective knower, and the self as Me, the object that is known.Current views of the self in psychology position the self as playing an integral part in human motivation, cognition, affect, and social identity. It may be the case that we can now usefully attempt to ground experience of self in a neural process with cognitive consequences, which will give us insight into the elements of which the complex multiply situated selves of modern identity are composed.The self has many facets that help make up integral parts of it, such as self-awareness, self-esteem, self-knowledge, and self-perception. All parts of the self enable people to alter, change, add, and modify aspects of themselves in order to gain social acceptance in society. “Probably the best account of the origins of selfhood is that the self comes into being at the interface between the inner biological processes of the human body and the sociocultural network to which the person belongs.”