BLUSHING TO BE: SHAME AND THE NARRATION OF
... we mature, our shame responses become more dependent on a stable set of inner standards
and less dependent on the moment’s stimulus (Shame in Context 31). She also differentiates
between “internalized shame” as that which arouses when the self feels it fails standards,
rules, and goals, and “reactiv ...
Political Polarization Projection - University of California, Santa
... Disentangling Polarization Projection and Simple
In partisan contexts (e.g., American politics), it is common
knowledge that populations are divided between partisan stances
(e.g., between support for and opposition to Democratic candidates
or policies). In these contexts, polarization pr ...
THE BALANCE OF WORK IN INITIATING RELATIONSHIPS
... topics related to the development, mainte
nance, and dissolution of relationships (for
reviews, see Vangelisti & Perlman 2006), but
much less so on their origin. However, as
noted by Berscheid and Regan,
to understand why others currently are in
the relationships they are - and to under
stand why ...
... A) the statement is made casually.
B) the comment is very different from others we have heard.
C) we do not trust the person making the statement.
D) we are told the same thing on many different occasions.
Type: MC Page Ref: 38-39
Difficulty: Level 1
28) Under what c ...
... 1976; Weil, 1952) that possessions help create ‘a place,’ symbolically captured by the concept of ‘home,’
and its capacity to provide the individual with a context in which to dwell, a sense of psychic comfort,
pleasure and security (cf. Dreyfus, 1991; Heidegger, 1967; Steiner, 1978).
Within this di ...
Implicit Self-esteem - University of Washington
... scores have histories of negative interactions with
parents. Developmental psychologists generally assume that self-esteem is
acquired through parent*hild relationships, with positive self-regard being
a reflection, or internal model, of the parents' regard for the child (Bretherton, 1985; Cassidy, ...
Understanding Albert Camus` Absurd as Ambivalence, and its
... stance toward a social object or category of objects” (1966, 57). Steve
Harrist, in his interesting phenomenological investigation of ambivalence,
takes ambivalence “in the broadest sense,” meaning simply “attraction
and/or aversion… so as not to prematurely restrict the horizon of inquiry”
(2006, 8 ...
The Pot Calling the Kettle Black: Distancing Response to Ethical
... ethicality (Study 4), general sense of personal failure, or ethically neutral cognitive dissonance (Study 5).
Finally, it is characterized by some boundary conditions (Study 6). We discuss the theoretical contribution of this work to research on moral regulation and ethical behavior.
Keywords: ethic ...
Psychological Trauma & the MICA Consumer
... world that are congruent with and support the
understanding of the childhood experience & coping skills
The child has to adapt an effective response that is
congruent with their environment and this response
Running Head: THE POT CALLING THE KETTLE BLACK
... the criteria for judging what is right or wrong and thus lets people engage in dishonest
behavior with little (if any) awareness of the violation of their ethics codes.
Ethical Dissonance and Cognitive Dissonance
Throughout the paper, we use the term ethical dissonance to refer to the inconsistency
2015 What is Implicit Self-Esteem
... The second alternative explanation is that the weaker selfenhancement for East Asians is illusory because cultural differences in self-presentation distort our ability to accurately
assess people’s private self-enhancing feelings. In particular,
it has been argued that East Asians have strong modest ...
Self-certainty: Parallels to Attitude Certainty
... before pointing to directions for future research. We present the consequences of certainty
first, because doing so will help elucidate the importance of this construct.
Certainty and the Prediction of Behavior
One of the major reasons that attitudes are studied is that they are thought to be
Attitude - Living Word
... do not base their behavior or their conformity to
rules) on deep concepts or high ideals.
• They will go along with the popular ideas, and can
appear, to those of a more philosophical bent, as
• If what is presented as true or desirable in
January is totally changed by March, the ...
... Intimate Friends as Authority in Personal Identity
dispositions and traits. We view ourselves as being a separate entity from others, and this
separation constitutes more than a physical space or body. Our tendency towards
personal identity exhibits itself in our refusal at times to associate with ...
Selfies: Witnessing and Participatory Journalism with a Point of View
... found people shared digital images more frequently during Israel’s Independence Day and
Memorial Day than on other days. The impact of mobile devices on communication is thus not just
technological but rather social and cultural, as “the mobile camera phone is extending and
modifying media languages ...
Egocentrism and Automatic Perspective Taking in
... Although Samson et al. (2010) found that participants’ own perspective interfered with their explicit
judgments about the avatar’s perspective, the same
series of experiments provided evidence that the
avatar’s perspective itself was being calculated in a
relatively automatic manner. One signature o ...
The Relationship Between Clothing Preference, Self
... occupational interests, and concluded that people select fabric and color to help them
conform to their image ideal-self. Although, Muzert (1980) believed that color preferences
are affected by mood and the circumstances of the situation or time. Thus, persons who are
depressed at the time they make ...
ETHNOCENTRISM, SOCIAL CONTRACT LIBERALISM AND
... representationalist problematic, whereby beliefs are classed as knowledge
because they represent reality in a non-perspectival way. Therefore knowledge is based upon certainty, because the manifest truth is recognised as
such. Once we reject this concern with beliefs representing reality, we can,
Erving Goffman - Black Hawk Hancock
... emphasis should be shifted to the semiotic issue of framing and that “engrossment” (being absorbed in activity, whether real or make-believe) became for
Goffman the only criterion for establishing the grounds on which social life can be
interpreted (Clough, 1990, p. 197). What unites these observers ...
UNDERSTANDING ADJUSTMENT TO DISFIGUREMENT: THE
... A second feature of self-concept organisation that has been considered is compartmentalisation. When examining the positive and negative content of an individual’s
self-aspects, it is possible that some aspects would be mainly positive, and others
mainly negative. Alternatively, the self-aspects mig ...
Assimilative and Contrastive Emotional Reactions to Upward and
... desirability of the comparison for the other person. In general, an upward comparison will mean
desirable implications for the other and a downward comparison will mean undesirable
implications for the other, as Fig. 1 suggests.
Focus of Attention
An additional feature to my analysis involves the cl ...
Self-Enhancement - University of Southampton
... in domains that do matter rather than in those that do not
(Crocker, 2002; Sedikides, Gaertner, & Toguchi, 2003). As
William James (1890/1950) put it, ‘‘I, who for the time have
staked my all on being a psychologist, am mortified if others
know much more psychology than I. But I am contented to
To be or not to be, that is the question
... constraining, as they do not permit individuals to indicate that whether they enact specific
personality characteristics often depends on the situation. Another shortcoming of only
yes/no judgments is that they do not permit respondents to endorse possessing trait
characteristics to varying degrees. ...
Psychology of self
The psychology of self is the study of either the cognitive, conative or affective representation of one's identity or the subject of experience. The earliest formulation of the self in modern psychology derived from the distinction between the self as I, the subjective knower, and the self as Me, the object that is known.Current views of the self in psychology position the self as playing an integral part in human motivation, cognition, affect, and social identity. It may be the case that we can now usefully attempt to ground experience of self in a neural process with cognitive consequences, which will give us insight into the elements of which the complex multiply situated selves of modern identity are composed.The self has many facets that help make up integral parts of it, such as self-awareness, self-esteem, self-knowledge, and self-perception. All parts of the self enable people to alter, change, add, and modify aspects of themselves in order to gain social acceptance in society. “Probably the best account of the origins of selfhood is that the self comes into being at the interface between the inner biological processes of the human body and the sociocultural network to which the person belongs.”