The History and Pioneers of Criminology
... von Hirsch “just deserts” model
P. Erhlich & W. Bonger - economic theory
H. Becker - labelling
C. Cornich - rational choice
A.Cohen & M. Felson - RAT!!
Risk of punishment as a deterrent
Neo-classical approach and plea bargain
Social contract, deterrence, and plea bargain
... A recognised
qualification in social
Week 14 Gender and Crime - University of Hawaii at Hilo
... Males implicated in more violent crimes than women
Masculine socialization is the key to higher rates of criminality &
types of criminality.
Influence of class: Middle-class males can take advantage of the
power structure to achieve & demonstrate masculinity.
Other males (poor, minority) may look fo ...
Gender Issues and Offending - Geography
... The chivalry thesis suggests that a male dominated criminal
justice system means women are treated more leniently then
Evidence for the chivalry thesis:
1) According to the Home Office, women are consistently
treated more leniently by the law, with first offenders about
half as likely to be giv ...
Feminist school of criminology
The feminist school of criminology is a school of criminology developed in the late 1960s and into the 1970s as a reaction to the perceived general disregard and discrimination of women in the traditional study of crime. Proponents assert that the patriarchal domination of the field of criminology has led to the field being inherently biased and androcentric. This, they argue, leads mainstream criminology to either generalise or ignore criminological inquiry relevant to women in an effort to support the male dominated status quo.The feminist school of criminology was closely associated with the emergence of the Second Wave Feminism and it speaks with multiple viewpoints developed from different feminist writers. The feminist school emphasises that most violent crime is caused by aggressive forms of masculinity and that crime is a result of inequalities within society. Politically, there is a range from Marxist and socialist to liberal feminism addressing the ""gender ratio"" problem (i.e. why women are less likely than men to commit crime) or the generalisability problem (i.e. ""adding"" women to male knowledge, whereby the findings from research on men are generalised to women).