Preventing Crime - What Works, What Doesn`t
... What's Promising. These are programs for which the level of certainty from available evidence
is too low to support generalizable conclusions, but for which there is some empirical basis for
predicting that further research could support such conclusions. Programs are coded as
"promising" if they fo ...
Strategies and Best Practices in Crime Prevention in particular in
... The workshop on crime prevention, which took place in Bangkok in April 2005 in the context of the 11 UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, represented a major opportunity to
assess progress in the application of good crime prevention policy and practice around the world. The
Evaluation of Milwaukee`s Judicial Oversight
... The demonstration was funded with two goals in mind: 1) to learn from the experience of
well-qualified sites who were given resources and challenged to build a collaboration between
the courts and community agencies to respond to domestic violence; and 2) to test the impact of
JODI interventions on ...
Professional Perceptions of Domestic Violence
... explanations of domestic violence were measured in terms of their relationship with
views on effective interventions.
Consistent attitudes towards domestic violence were identified on a number of
levels. All participants agreed that domestic violence is a community problem, a
criminal offence and sh ...
Estimating the costs of gender-based violence in the European
... Gender-based violence is perceived as one of the most severe forms of gender inequality and it remains one of the
most pervasive human rights violations of modern time. It is an issue that affects women disproportionally as it is
directly connected with the unequal distribution of power between wome ...
Psychopathic and antisocial personality disorder traits as predictors
... hypothesis and social learning theory, are largely responsible for the current distinction
between reactive and instrumental aggression.
One seminal theory within the aggression literature is that individuals possess an
internal drive to behave aggressively, which is initiated by the experience of f ...
Hate Crimes and the Need for Stronger Federal Legislation
... is the object of the crime, because of the actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin,
ethnicity, gender, disability, or sexual orientation of any person.”29
B. Incidence of Hate Crimes
According to the most recent statistics reported by the FBI, there were 7,755 hate crimes
Preparing the young offender for return to society
... behavior, proceeded by dialog with and observation of teenagers already adjudicated to be juvenile
delinquents. It was premised on those parts of sociological theory that could provide explanation of and
suggest treatment for juvenile delinquency.
This study tested the tenets of several perspectives ...
the review of the - CJFS 6945 Research Methods by John Hazy, YSU
... he argued that criminals were atavists – biological throwbacks to an earlier period of
human evolution. He further maintained that these atavists engaged in criminal activity,
including violence, because it was instinctive for them to do so. Finally, because they are
the product of biological forces ...
instrumental and reactive violence - DalSpace
... maltreatment, and subtypes of criminal violence were examined in a sample of 144
incarcerated male offenders. Domain-specific multinomial logistic regression analyses
indicated that the likelihood of reactive violence was predicted by the severity of alcohol
use history and polysubstance intoxicatio ...
THE RISK-NEED-RESPONSIVITY (RNR) MODEL Does Adding the
... When we first responded to Ward and Stewart’s (2003) critique of RNR, it was brief
(five pages) and to the point (Bonta & Andrews, 2003). Our response was crafted around
three essential elements. First, we thought their portrayal of RNR was inaccurate. Second,
we challenged the role universal needs ...
Predicting Violence - American Bar Association
... § 33, 1 Stat. 73, 91 (requiring bail to be admitted in all criminal cases “except where the punishment
may be death,” in which case admission would be only at the judge’s or court’s discretion).
However, overall, the Court made clear that due to the presumption of innocence and due process,
bail was ...
Alcohol, young persons and violence
... the prevalence of alcohol-related violence and comprises papers by Makkai,
Williams, Hennessy and Williams, Lynskey, and Carcach and Conroy. The
third section looks at violence prevention initiatives and comprises papers
by Vaughan and Cameron. The fourth section (Appendixes 1 and 2) provides
a bibl ...
General Strain Theory and Bullying Victimization
... Strain theories state that certain stressors increase the likelihood of offending
(Merton, 1938). Merton’s (1938) classic strain theory focuses on one’s inability to
achieve culturally approved goals and the distribution of legitimate opportunities for
achieving goals. Agnew’s (1992) extension of Me ...
Justice policy reform for high-risk juveniles: Using
... the subpopulation and phase of life where crime is concentrated. Less than 10% of the population
accounts for the majority of criminal behavior (Piquero et al. 2003). That is, a small group of highrate offenders is frequently (if not persistently) involved in crime. Moreover, across life phases,
Criminal Discount Factors and Deterrence
... on inmates’ nationality, age, education, and some other individual characteristics.
These are the same data used in Mastrobuoni and Pinotti (2015), and, compared to Drago, Galbiati,
and Vertova (2009), allow us to follow the inmates an additional 10 months after release, for a total of
17 months. A ...
... white collar offenders in which she found that “[w]omen’s economic marginality, not
liberation or occupational mobility,” explained their offending, and that men’s white
collar offending was not the “norm” from which women deviate (p. 70).
Subjecting a first-time female offender to incarceration has ...
The Costs of Crime and Violence - Inter
... became healthier and better-educated. In fact, the Millennium Development Goal of
halving, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people living on less than US$1.25 a
day was attained in 2008, seven years ahead of time.
Crime, however, increased. Latin America and the Caribbean remains the most vi ...
The economic and social factors underpinning Indigenous contact
... and/or retention, however, have been
shown to reduce the risk of juvenile
involvement in crime (MacKenzie 2002).
Studies tracking the behaviour of
individuals over time generally find a strong
relationship between unemployment and
crime, particularly where offenders from low
Empirical Support for the HCR‐20: A Critical Analysis of the
... Because the HCR-20 was developed for use with adults, the samples of most studies included in
the present report comprise adults. However, at least a few studies that presented data on older
youths are presented here, most typically because the mean age of the sample was almost 18
years and the arti ...
batterer intervention programs - The Advocates for Human Rights
... country has a functioning, coordinated system within which a batterer program can effectively
operate. In countries where the response to domestic violence is relatively new, many barriers
may exist to effectively implementing that response. If a country has limited resources to direct
toward its do ...
CARLOS A. CUEVAS, Ph.D. Contact Information
... Sabina, C., & Cuevas, C. A. (2011, June). Intimate partner violence among Latino women: Rates
and cultural correlates. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Community
Research and Action, Chicago, IL.
Cave, M., Sabina, C., & Cuevas, C. A. (2011, March). Police response and self ...
Situational crime prevention and worldwide piracy: a cross
... (Clarke 1980, 1997, 2013). SCP is informed by the three
separate theories of environmental criminology, which,
when taken together, amount to “opportunity theory:”
routine activities (Cohen and Felson 1979; Felson and
Cohen 1980), crime pattern (Brantingham and Brantingham 1975, 1984, 1993), and rat ...
Associated Characteristics of Stalking Following Termination of a
... response to a given item. That is, a participant who had experienced a given behaviour once per day and a participant who had
experienced the same behaviour many times per day could equally
give the same response of once per day or more. The final item in
this section asked participants to estimate ...
Sex differences in crime
Sex differences in crime are differences between men and women as the perpetrators and/or victims of crime.Such studies may belong to fields such as criminology (the scientific study of criminal behavior) or sociobiology (which attempts to demonstrate a causal relationship between biological factors, in this case sex, and human behaviors), etc. Despite the difficulty to interpret them, crime statistics may provide a way to investigate such a relationship, whose possible existence would be interesting from a gender differences perspective. An observable difference in crime rates between men and women might be due to social and cultural factors, crimes going unreported, or to biological factors (as sociobiological theories claim). Furthermore, the nature of the crime itself must be considered.Many professionals have offered explanations for this sex difference in crimes. Some differing explanations include men's evolutionary tendency toward risk and violent behavior, sex differences in activity, social support, and gender inequality. Rowe, Vazsonyi, and Flannery (1995) demonstrated that rations of self reported delinquent acts are higher for men than women across many different actions thus supporting the fact that men commit more criminal acts than women. Burton, et al. (1998) found that low levels of self control are associated with criminal activity.