consumption and happiness - University of Notre Dame
... reducing unemployment. Economic activity in markets strengthens communities. Not
only can the quest for a better life make the economy expand, but also provide the
resources with which to clean up the environment.
A relatively small but growing number of economists and other social scientists
have p ...
The Teaching of Happiness in Mainland China: in Light of Aristotle
... everyone can fully develop his or her talents. As a result, people in a communist
society lack nothing and are perfectly happy. In addition, happiness is connected with
virtuous behaviors in morality courses. That is, students are taught that happiness is
the outcome of certain virtues such as helpi ...
The ethics platform in tourism research
... This paper argues that to solely regard a nation’s output of goods and
services as growth and hence development appears somewhat negligent,
since primarily these economic accounts do not reflect the real quality of
life, in particular, the distribution of wealth in terms of human ’wellbeing.’ For ex ...
Introduction to ethics - U of L Personal Web Sites
... particular source (e.g. religious texts) are
asserted to create absolute obligations
While not strictly “theories”, deontological
codes create obligations which are often
interpreted in an absolute way.
Guiding principle theories in which moral obligations can be
derived from one guiding principle
Subjective Well-Being, Income, Economic Development and Growth
... of relatively rich and less rich individuals in a given country at a point in time. Many authors
have found a positive and strong within-country relationship between subjective well being,
measured in various ways, and income. For example, Robert Frank argues for the importance of
income as follows: ...
Servais Pinckaers: Returning to a Thomisitc Morality of Happiness
... happiness is to be found in the higher activity
of contemplation of God alone, the genius of
Aquinas is that he also recognises the
legitimate role of human action in ascending to
these great heights of beatitude; that even our
human actions have within them a natural,
primordial and subjective fina ...
2 Booklet 2 Utilitarianism
... Some more explanations Extract from Joe Jenkins Ethics and Religion 1999
Mill believed that his Utilitarian ethic had caught the very spirit of the Golden Rule (to treat others as
you could want them to treat us). However, Christian love knows no limit and is prepared to go not one
mile but two. To ...
Alternative measures of well-being
... the 1980s, when the OECD first presented its social indicators (OECD, 1986). This progress
needs to be sustained, inter alia through greater co-operation between the statistical offices
of member countries and international organisations such as the OECD – whose role in this
field can be similar to ...
Is Happiness a Predictor of Election Results? - CEP
... their actions or type. This informational asymmetry is central to the notion of rational
ignorance (Downs, 1957), which highlights the high cost of acquiring and filtering relevant information relative to the low probability of a vote being decisive to an electoral
outcome. Even though people often ...
University of Heidelberg Department of Economics Benefit or burden
... Regarding other welfare measures, Esposto and Zaleski (1999) find in 6 out of 8 regressions that
the quality of life, in terms of literacy rates and life expectancy, increases with more EF compared
within and between nations. Norton (1998) shows for about 70 countries that stronger protection of
Psychological Egoism - David Kelsey`s Philosophy Home Page
... selfish motives is a non sequitur. (section 6)
• Question: what is a non sequitur?
• We know that: every voluntary action is prompted by the agent’s own motives.
• We are mistakenly inferring that: every voluntary action is promoted by motives of
a particular kind, I.e. selfish ones.
1 Growth and Happiness in China, 1990
... Unlike trust, the overall pattern of change in civic cooperation consequently differs considerably from
that in SWB, and casts doubt on any causal connection between the two.
The results in the general literature on the relation between income inequality and happiness are
mixed—some studies report n ...
... Mill replaced pleasure with ‘happiness’: “the greatest
happiness for the greatest number” – so he moved away
from mere quantity to the quality of happiness as well.
Mill defined happiness
as something which is
cultural and spiritual
rather than just
lower pleas ...
... Accounting for Care: a Reseach and Survey Design Agenda, Nancy Folbre,
University of Massachussets, Amherst
The unpaid activities and Well-Being: the measurement issues, Challenges
Harpreet Kaur and Anupama Uppal, Punjabi University
Chapter 3 - World Happiness Report
... same symptoms of affluence, which were virtually nonexistent in the countryside in 1990, had
become quite common by 2012.2 In the face of
such new-found plenitude, one would suppose
that the population’s feelings of well-being
would have enjoyed a similar multiplication. Yet,
as will be discussed, w ...
Happy Generations, Depressed Generations
... Others like Deaton and Paxson (1994) assumed that period effects have a zero mean
and are orthogonal to a linear time trend. Accordingly, they developed an orthogonal
period-effect (OPE) model. Still others like Heckman and Robb (1985) argued that age,
period and cohort effects are unobservable and ...
OECD work on How*s Life? and next steps
... the social and environmental dimensions of economic development”
UN Resolution calling for “holistic approach to development” to promote sustainable happiness and wellbeing
Rio+20 Outcome document and post-2015 agenda to develop Sustainable Development Goals
Notes on Utilitarianism
... 5. So far, we’ve been talking about what’s called Act Utilitarianism (AU), because we’ve
been speaking as though what makes an action right or wrong is the (reasonably
expected) consequences of that action alone. But there are good reasons for Utilitarians
not to be Act Utilitarians, chiefly becaus ...
Ethical theorists: A comparison of main ideas
... At the age of forty-six, Kant received
an appointment as a professor of logic
and metaphysics at his alma mater the
University of Königsberg.
His famous claim: "Though our
knowledge begins with experience, it
does not follow that it arises out of
A philosophical classic is his work
... To do as you would be done by, and to love
your neighbor as yourself, constitute the ideal
perfection of utilitarian morality.”
Utility is NOT a “godless” doctrine. “If it be a
true belief that God desires, above all things,
the happiness of his creatures, and that this
was his purpose in their cr ...
How Important is Character in Ethics paper
... individual should only be virtuous if that action gives that individual pleasure. Mill
argues that happiness is the basis of justice and that all actions are rooted in a desire to
find happiness. This being the case, Mill says that a human would not choose a lower
level of existence to avoid pain. F ...
The economics of happiness or happiness economics is the quantitative and theoretical study of happiness, positive and negative affect, well-being, quality of life, life satisfaction and related concepts, typically combining economics with other fields such as psychology and sociology. It typically treats such happiness-related measures, rather than wealth, income or profit, as something to be maximized. The field has grown substantially since the late 20th century, for example by the development of methods, surveys and indices to measure happiness and related concepts. Its findings have been described as a challenge to the economics profession.