Psychopathic and antisocial personality disorder traits as predictors
... of Investigation [FBI], 2010). Although these numbers have fallen slightly within the last
few years, rates of violence in America are still troubling. Despite this, our society and
the discipline of psychology have yet to reach a consensus on what exactly constitutes an
Strategies and Best Practices in Crime Prevention in particular in
... Many governments, individuals and organizations helped to make the Workshop on crime
prevention, which took place at the 11th UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in
Bangkok, Thailand in April 2005, a great success. The professionalism, expertise and dedication shown by
all the prese ...
... of probation in India.
Some of the respondent, also cautioned against the imposition of
law of probation and have agreed with the views that keeping in view the
political atmosphere and reformative attitude, the most important
consideration is to appraise the risk involved to the society in releasin ...
Youth Justice Secure Residences - Ministry of Social Development
... Young people admitted to Child, Youth and Family’s
(CYF) youth justice secure residences are some of New
Zealand’s most vulnerable and challenging. The main
function of these residences is to provide a response to
when a judge decides that a young person is unsafe to
live in the community. Young peo ...
Post-Sentence Supervision and Detention
... Around Australia, and in many other jurisdictions in the common
law world, governments and legal systems are grappling with the
practical and jurisprudential problems posed by high-risk offenders
whose sentences have expired but who are still considered to be
dangerous. Over recent years particular ...
Alcohol, young persons and violence
... moderate levels. Indigenous persons were, however, aware of and concerned
about the effects of alcohol, with over 95 per cent believing alcohol
consumption to be a serious issue and over 90 per cent believing that
alcohol-related violence was a serious issue. Over one-third of Indigenous
persons age ...
David James Farabee - UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
... The major goal of this project was to examine the treatment system impact and outcomes
of Proposition 36 in five selected counties and to explore the effects of the
implementation of Proposition 36 on California’s treatment delivery system, the system’s
response, and the relationships between the tr ...
Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice: A Guidebook for
... The primary purpose of this Guide is to provide a structure for jurisdictions, juvenile probation or centralized statewide
agencies striving to implement risk assessment or to improve their current risk assessment practices. Risk assessment in
this Guide refers to the practice of using a structured ...
... that problem. Thorough analysis of problems often reveals
that individuals and groups other than the police are in a
stronger position to address problems and that police ought
to shift some greater responsibility to them to do so. Response
Guide No. 3, Shifting and Sharing Responsibility for Public ...
instrumental and reactive violence - DalSpace
... male (FBI, 2007; Statistics Canada, 2003). Given these figures, a greater understanding
of violent crime committed by male offenders appears necessary. The research detailed in
this dissertation investigates predictors of the nature of violence committed by male
offenders. This research examines var ...
Hate Crimes and the Need for Stronger Federal Legislation
... from the 8,049 reported in 1997, there were nearly 500 fewer agencies reporting in 1998.32 Looking at
the statistics reported by the FBI throughout the 1990s, it appears that the number of hate crimes
increased early, but has decreased in recent years.33
Although many commentators argue over whethe ...
Preventing Crime - What Works, What Doesn`t
... o Crime Prevention Defined. Crime prevention is defined not by intentions or methods, but by
results. There is scientific evidence, for example, that both schools and prisons can help prevent
crime. Crime prevention programs are neither "hard" nor "soft" by definition; the central
question is whethe ...
Advice on the legislative and governance models under the Serious
... independence of judgment and a critical rigour in our examination of their workplace and
work practices, and to recommend change wherever we thought that change would be
beneficial, the cooperation we received was universal and unstinting. This cooperation
extended beyond members of Corrections Vict ...
Situational factors in rape
... perspective relatively recently and comparatively few studies on rape from this
perspective have been published. If situational factors are important then a new armoury
of sophisticated crime prevention interventions should be available for use.
Given that the prevalence of rape has generally proven ...
Cognitive Outreach Groups (COG) Program
... successful completion of probation, new offenses resulting in arrest, and new offenses resulting
in conviction. Results demonstrate that COG group completers were more than twice as likely to
successfully complete probation than those in the comparison group, and that new criminal
offense (as measur ...
Part 3 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment
... protected characteristics. As part of a wider programme of work, MoJ is looking at
how best (and most appropriately) the data gaps that exist might be filled, taking into
account cost considerations.
The following assessments only explore equality impacts arising from the policy
reforms in relation ...
chemical castration: how a medical therapy became punishment
... peers’ research findings by identifying Type IV offenders, paraphiliacs, as being
particularly amenable to MPA treatment, now known as chemical castration.5
Profiling and Distinguishing Paraphiliac Offenders
In order to fully understand MPA treatments as they were developed, it is
important to under ...
B l u e p r i n t ... A C o m p r e h... I d e n t i f i c a...
... and analysis phases, including Gail Wasserman and Larkin McReynolds of the Center for the Promotion of Mental
Health and Juvenile Justice at Columbia University; Steve Banks of The Bristol Observatory; and Linda Teplin and
Karen Abram of Northwestern University Medical School. We wish to thank the F ...
Predicting Violence - American Bar Association
... judgments about who is likely to commit crimes while on pretrial release and
whether we are detaining the right people. Relying on the largest dataset of
pretrial defendants in the United States, this Article determines what factors, if
any, are relevant to predicting “dangerousness” pretrial and wh ...
The Importance of Differentiating Between Traits of Autism Spectrum
... How is it possible for such seemingly unrelated concepts (autism and crime) to overlap?
The likelihood of involvement in illicit behaviors can actually be aggravated by many of the core
symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (Newman & Ghaziuddin, 2008), and when symptoms
are presented by individuals ...
the review of the - CJFS 6945 Research Methods by John Hazy, YSU
... that people are biosocial organisms whose behaviours are influenced by both their
physical characteristics and the environmental conditions they are faced with. Rather
than viewing criminals as people whose behaviours are totally controlled or
predetermined by their biological traits, modern biosoci ...
- University of Salford Institutional Repository
... disintegrative disorder . The onset of ASDs begins in
early childhood and has an adverse impact on the individual's
communicative and social interaction abilities and there are
tendencies towards restricted interests and/or repetitive
behaviours . ASD affects 1 in 110 children in the United
McNeill, Fergus (2014) Punishment as rehabilitation. In
... society. Rehabilitation was also coming to be seen as being inconsistent with
justice itself because judgements about liberty had come to be unduly influenced
by dubious and subjective professional judgements hidden from or impenetrable
to the offender. Through the development of the ‘psy’ disciplin ...
Sex Offender Civil Commitment: The Treatment Paradox
... states have increasingly turned to a civil system of confinement for the most
dangerous sex offenders. Laws prescribing civil commitment for sexually
violent predators identify those persons convicted of sexual offenses who are
the most likely to recidivate and provide a mechanism whereby, upon
rules of juvenile court procedure
... JUVENILE JUSTICE AGENCY is any court, including the minor judiciary, or any
other governmental agency specifically authorized to perform the administration of
juvenile justice as its function. Juvenile justice agencies include, but are not limited to,
organized State and municipal police departments ...
Juvenile delinquency, also known as ""juvenile offending"", is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles, i.e. individuals younger than the statutory age of majority). Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers, and courts. A juvenile delinquent in the United States is a person who is typically under the age of 17 and commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. Depending on the type and severity of the offense committed, it is possible for persons under 18 to be charged and tried as adults.In recent years a higher proportion of youth have experienced arrests by their early 20s than in the past, although some scholars have concluded this may reflect more aggressive criminal justice and zero-tolerance policies rather than changes in youth behavior. Juvenile crimes can range from status offenses (such as underage smoking), to property crimes and violent crimes. Youth violence rates in the United States have dropped to approximately 12% of peak rates in 1993 according to official US government statistics, suggesting that most juvenile offending is non-violent. However, juvenile offending can be considered normative adolescent behavior. This is because most teens tend to offend by committing non-violent crimes, only once or a few times, and only during adolescence. Repeated and/or violent offending is likely to lead to later and more violent offenses. When this happens, the offender often displayed antisocial behavior even before reaching adolescence.