... differences to assign gender roles.
Gender roles probably represent the earliest
division of labor among humans.
Gender roles can be seen as arising from biological
development or cultural contributions.
The biological aspects of gender consist of the
physical differences between men and women.
CHAPTER 12: THE GENDER ORDER AND SEXUALITY
Transgender: having the gender identity
opposite to one’s biological sex
Transsexualism: surgically altering one’s sex
(genitals) to match it with the sex that one
believes one belongs to.
... and annual hours of work for fathers, increased
specialization of husbands and wives in response to
parenthood is the dominant pattern for both early (pre1950) and later (post-1950) cohorts.”
--Lundberg & Rose (2002)
... People never stare at your chest when you're talking to them.
New shoes don't cut, blister, or mangle your feet.
One mood all the time!
Phone conversations are over in 30 seconds flat.
A five-day vacation requires only one suitcase.
You get extra credit for the slightest act of thoughtfulness.
If so ...
... – concern with marriages and families as processes more so than being
concerned with their structure
– so the reality of marriage life is dynamic – it is socially constructed and
constructed differently by various family members with different roles,
privileges, and responsibilities.
– Jessie Bernar ...
Ch. 10 Inequalities of Gender and Age
... biological characteristics
• Biological Determinism –
principle that behavioral
differences are the result of
– This lacks scientific proof
– What few tendencies that are
biological are easily overruled by
society and culture
Chapter 11 Gender, Age, and Health
... • In Tchambuli, men and women care for the
children. Women provide food for the family.
• Even more variation exists in the psychological
characteristics considered appropriate for men
– Found that among Tchambuli, the women were bossy
and efficient, while the men were gossipy and artisti ...
Theoretical Perspectives Review
... - Example: Feminism
Macro theory explains inequalities, whereas the other theories focus on society and how it
Conflict theory sets out to criticize society.
- They question: “Functional for whom?” and argue that while functionalism may work
for society, it only benefits the higher-r ...
Critical Theory - Feminism, "Story of an Hour, "The English Canon"
... Important Terms for Gender and
• Patriarchy: a system of beliefs and social practices that
supports male dominance by denying women access to
power, privileging issues/voices that are seen as
“masculine” over those that are “feminine,” and exerting
control over women’s bodies and ...
Gender and Social Stratification
... • Anthropology of Women early 1970's attention
to the lack of women in standard ethnographies
• Anthropology of Gender challenged the basis
for understanding social roles of male and
• Feminist Anthropology challenged the
biological basis of sex and sexuality
– and the foundations of anthropo ...
Women and Islam - UR Scholarship Repository
... The interest of the Western World in Islam has been heightened recently by the political
developments in the Middle East. Not only do these developments affect the economies of the
Western World and the daily lives of its population, they also exhibit an unprecedented
return to religious Muslim ideo ...
lecture_ch04 - rivier.instructure.com.
... Perhaps the most serious problem linked to
patriarchy is men’s physical violence
Assault, rape, and murder are common
Why is violence a gender issue?
Physical aggressiveness is a key element
of the cultural definition of masculinity.
Gender violence is not so much sexual
as an ex ...
Sociological Theory Midterm Test Spring 2008 1. Sociological
... 4. The term “means-end rational action” is used to describe: (p. 30)
a. action that is the result of powerful emotions.
b. action that is chosen on the basis of an actor’s commitment to a larger set of values.
c. action that is chosen on the basis of an actor’s rational evaluation of the best means
AFRICAN FEMINISTS` AGENDA AND SEX MODIFICATION
... and this will likely result in good governance”. Anigala blames the economic and socio-political
woes plaguing African nations on “… The fraudulent practices of male politicians whose
political drive is personal economic empowerment…” The position of Anigala on women
empowerment is reinforced when S ...
Bernard Capp - University of Warwick
... Capp demonstrates, however, that many women played a larger role than
many historians have acknowledged. This was not confined to acting as juries
of matrons or medical experts as midwives in legal cases such as rape,
infanticide, and fornication, where evidence was imprinted on the female
body. The ...
... low incomes generating stress and disputes about money), a culture of violence – particularly in some parts of the working class and the
generally lower status of women in society.
Men`s Lib! - Ira Silver
... the picture, he should either be earning or paying child support; his role as
a potential caretaker is typically ignored or stigmatized.
Sweden and Germany have already successfully introduced this kind of
“use it or lose it” leave policy (in other words, only the father can make use
of it), and a s ...
Gender equality, equity and mainstreaming
... experiences of women as well as of men an integral
part of the design, implementation, monitoring and
evaluation of policies and programs in all political,
economic and societal spheres, so that women and men
benefit equally, and inequality is not perpetuated. The
ultimate goal of mainstreaming is t ...
FEMINIST THEORY Governance—understood as the shift from
... public policy, all of which touch on governance, and they provide us with an
entry point into feminist theories of governance.
A feminist theory of governance will have two main components. The first will
be the perspective that informs the theory. Hence, a gendered approach to
governance may be lib ...
Sex and Gender
... for women and men of any planned action, including
legislation, policies and programmes, in all areas and at all
levels, and as a strategy for making women’s as well as
men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of
the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of
policies and progr ...
Studying Gendered Practices - TamPub
... conceptually it is useful to examine them also separately. Since they are general rules of the
gender system their manifestations may change historically, even several times over,
although the basic logic itself remains unchanged.
‘The difference’ means that woman, female of feminine should be clear ...
Attitudes Changing in Central Europe
... under the communist regime
Women had rather equal access to
education already under communist rule
People did not have to worry about
survival except perhaps in Poland
Moser - University of Lethbridge
... How can evolution and culture account for
differences in sexual attraction among the
different sexes and sexual orientations?
Supremacy Crimes Gloria Steinem
... planned and executed by young women--of any race, sexuality, or class.
Would the media still be so uninterested in the role played by genderconditioning? Would journalists assume that female murderers had
suffered from being shut out of access to power in high school, so much
so that they were pushe ...
Patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power, predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property; in the domain of the family, fathers or father-figures hold authority over women and children. Many patriarchal societies are also patrilineal, meaning that property and title are inherited by the male lineage. The female equivalent is matriarchy.Historically, patriarchy has manifested itself in the social, legal, political, and economic organization of a range of different cultures. Analysis of patriarchy and its effects is a major topic within the social sciences and humanities.