... investigation, and this is one of the main research features of the
Hiroshima University Partnership Project for Peacebuilding and
Capacity Development (HiPeC). This commitment is reflected in our
support for one of our core project members, Professor Yuji Uesugi,
and his proposal that the main work ...
nepal`s peace agreement: making it work
... Nepal’s government and Maoist rebels have signed a
comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) declaring an end
to the ten-year civil war, paving the way for inclusion of
the rebels in mainstream politics and June 2007 elections to
an assembly that is to write a new constitution. The deal
has been welcomed ...
The Democratic Facade in Azerbijan
... health.14 Throughout his presidency, Heydar Aliyev retained his power through
corruption, intimidation, and fraud, which allowed him to construct his son’s political
Campaigns, Mobilization, and Turnout in Mayoral Elections
... expenditures than for incumbent expenditures. This
expectation is in keeping with research on challenger
spending at other levels of office (Caldeira, Patterson,
and Markko 1985; Hogan 1999; Jackson 1997, 2002;
Jacobson 1990; Patterson and Caldeira 1983).
Finally, we also use the gap in campaign exp ...
National Standards for Civics and Government
... This document is limited to content standards specifying what students should know and
be able to do in the field of civics and government. Content standards are not course outlines.
They are exit standards; they specify what students should know and be able to do as they “exit”
or complete grades 4 ...
Fragility and State-Society Relations in South Sudan
... sector, an independent media, and civil society—through which statesociety relations are productively managed and stresses absorbed. The
country’s constitution, for example, should enshrine the agreed upon rules
for how state and society will relate. However, South Sudan still lacks a
permanent cons ...
of tHE arab LEft - Rosa-Luxemburg
... presidential elections held in December 2009. It is worth noting that the name
of the movement to which Evo Morales is affiliated is “The Movement towards
Socialism,” and the word “towards” is perhaps the best expression of the
programs of leftist movements of today, because it refers to the practic ...
MURUGU MASTERS THESES - Institute Of Diplomacy and
... unconditional transfer of power and resources to the counties under the new dispensation. The
devolved units started functioning immediately after the March 4th 2013 general elections and
after the election of governors to run the 47 county governments, election of the senators to sit at
the senate ...
USG Chapter 18
... agreements without Congress’s being able to
amend them. Many members of his own party
voted against him. Labor lobbyists were hard
at work during the special House session called
to consider the bill, reminding Democratic
members that labor unions strongly opposed
such agreements with other nations ...
the legitimate consequences of form of government and nonpartisan
... decided not to support prohibition of the inevitable but to create a series of mediating
forces, ultimately through federalism, to impede the negative effects of such groups. In
so doing, however, the structures and impediments the founders put in place ultimately
set the course for modern political ...
The Arab Spring - College of Liberal Arts
... multiple processes? Is it an event that happened and may be essentially over or ending, or is it
in fact the beginning of a long-term historical process? Describing an intra-regional political
phenomenon that is occurring in multiple states at different velocities, the term Arab Spring is
Constitutional Secession Rights, Blackmail Threats and
... neglected in the shared institutions and symbols. The federal state may also grant official
recognition to other identities that are not associated with the component nations (such as the
Roma in Europe, for instance).
Multinational political associations may experience two destabilising dynamics: i ...
... C. more unemployment
D. increased demand on public services
12. In 1908, Theodore Roosevelt said, “Oh, if I could be President and Congress too, for just ten
Which principle of United States government was frustrating President Roosevelt when he made
B. rule o ...
... Sedition Acts which said that states could ignore any act of
Congress they considered unconstitutional
1.02 – Political freedoms available to the following groups prior
to 1820: women, wage earners, landless farmers, American
Indians, African Americans
How did the distribution and economic power r ...
parliamentarism versus semi-presidentialism in the baltic states
... The explanation of the inter-Baltic differences in the post-communist state-building must start
not from Mikhail Gorbachev’s perestroika but from the interwar time, because the primary
goal of the Baltic national movements was the restitution of the independent states and the
rectification of histor ...
Unit 13 Political Parties and Political Participation
... mapping in India. As examples of the influence of relational structures on political parties one
may refer to the caste conflict in Indian society or agrarian relations, the former explaining rise
of caste based parties like Justice party or B.S.P. and the latter, party like the Lok Dal. From
DEMOCRACY AND ELECTIONS IN AFRICA
... In the contemporary world, elections have become one of the most accepted ways of
demonstrating democracy. The importance of a good electoral system cannot be underestimated
in Africa where elections are more often than not reported to be marred by irregularities. A new
constitution, passed in a pea ...
ARTICLES - Harvard Law Review
... state, such as Denmark, would no doubt refuse to engage in such censorship itself, so too no legitimate claim could be made that it should
enlist its state resources toward such aims on behalf of others. Simply
put, democratically tolerant governments should not succumb to demands for censorship mad ...
RTF Version - Jean Monnet Center
... policy and, not least, the question of social measures at the EU level, pose new kinds of
problems for co-operation. The questions raised in these policy areas are difficult to handle
within the established economic, free-trade frame of reference for the politics of the Union, as
they affect the ver ...
1 - ohchr
... A question has been raised to what extent minority groups in new regional states
participate in self-government and democratic governance. Given the fact that almost all
regional states have minority groups within their jurisdiction, the participation of these
groups in regional decision making proc ...
parliamentary democracy in indian political environment
... Although Bagehot praised parliamentary government for allowing an election to take place at
any time, the lack of a definite election calendar can be abused. Previously under some systems,
such as the British, a ruling party could schedule elections when it felt that it was likely to retain
power, a ...
17 Government and Politics
... The protesters in Tunisia and the civil rights protesters of Martin Luther King’s day had influence apart from
their position in a government. Their influence came, in part, from their ability to advocate for what many
people held as important values. Government leaders might have this kind of influ ...
... 41. How has the supremacy clause allowed for ever-greater national authority?
National law automatically supersedes state law.
States are forced to react to national government action or legislation.
States occasionally have to receive federal permission for activities.
Congress is the o ...
- LSE Research Online
... an NHS despite the high number of veto players), and Japan and the US (which have no NHS despite having 1.85
and 1.65 veto players, respectively).
Despite these few exceptions (which could simply depend on the way in which the different authors define and
operationalize the concept of concentration ...
""Anocracy"" is a term used to describe a regime type that is characterized by inherent qualities of political instability and ineffectiveness, as well as an ""incoherent mix of democratic and autocratic traits and practices."" These regime types are particularly susceptible to outbreaks of armed conflict and unexpected or adverse changes in leadership. Despite its popular usage, anocracy lacks a precise definition. Anocratic regimes are also loosely defined as part democracy and part dictatorship, or a ""regime that mixes democratic with autocratic features."" Another definition classifies anocracy as, ""a regime that permits some means of participation through opposition group behavior but that has incomplete development of mechanisms to redress grievances."" Scholars have also distinguished anocracies from autocracies and democracies in their capability to maintain authority, political dynamics, and policy agenda. Similarly, these regime types have democratic institutions that allow for nominal amounts of competition.The operational definition of anocracy is widely used by scholars Monty G. Marshall and Benjamin R. Cole at the Center for Systemic Peace and gains most of its dissemination through the polity data series. The data set aims to measure democracy in different states, and retains anocracy as one of its classification methods for regime type. The data series scores regimes on executive recruitment, constraints on executive authority, and political competition. The 21-point sliding scale ranges from -10 to +10, where -10 corresponds to hereditary monarchy and +10 to consolidated democracy. Anocracies are regimes that receive a score between -5 and +5, as well as the special values of -66, -77, and -88, which correspond to cases of foreign interruption, interregnum, and transition regimes. The data set further sorts anocractic regimes into ""closed anocracies"" (-5 to 0) and ""open anocracies"" (1 to 5). Consequently, anocracy frequently appears in democratization literature that utilizes the polity data set.The number of anocratic regimes has steadily increased over time, with the most notable jump occurring during the Post Cold War era. During the period from 1989 to 2013, the number of anocracies increased from 30 to 53.