Towards a Feminine/Feminist/Female Discourse of Virginia Woolf
... My sincere thanks also go to the chairperson of our department Dr. Shu-li Chang
for her warm support and consistent encouragement when I was in a state of bodily
and mental prostration.
I am grateful to my friends Susan Lin, Christine Feng and Sheue-yun Huang,
who have been very supportive and helpf ...
Hysteria, Feminism, and Gender Revisited
... Charles Bernheimer suggests that “Freud invented psychoanalysis
between 1895 and 1900 on the basis of his clinical experience with hysterical patients, nearly all of them women” (1). To think about this experience
another way, while hysteria was reframed with reference to new laws and
was new in pr ...
Margaret Sanger:Eugenics vs Feminism
... Clinic Research Bureau, which later developed into Planned Parenthood Federation of
America and the Birth Control Movement. As a future historian it is important to carefully
read and analyze all major historians who are active in this specific field. After cautiously
investigating this topic I have ...
Gender and Power Relationships in the Language of Proverbs
... proverbs in the context of American folklore; whereas Dominguez (2010) has examined the function
of proverbs in Mexican discourse.
However, in relation to the Urdu proverbs not much work is found. Urdu proverbs are also
not examined in relation to proverbs of any other language. In the backdrop of p ...
GENDER AND THE WELFARE STATE" maternalism
... than a policy of equality within the evolving feminist
movement. Furthermore, many of the American scholars also
conclude that women's
arguments for state intervention and support in "private matters" were based on
usefulness as mothers. Thus "mothering" became an important trope in
the disc ...
Public Restrooms - Moritz College of Law
... The specter of “unisex bathrooms” helped derail the ratification of the
federal Equal Rights Amendment (“ERA”) in the 1970s and 1980s.21 ERA
opponents invoked the symbol of “unisex bathrooms” to attack sex-integrated
bathrooms on the basis that such bathrooms would make society unisex by
leading to ...
In the early 1800s, women were second-class citizens
... a professional career. After marriage, women did not have the right to own their own property, keep
their own wages, or sign a contract. In addition, all women were denied the right to vote. Only after
decades of intense political activity did women eventually win the right to vote.
Gaining the vote ...
Similarly Situated?: The Evolution of Gender
... enfranchisement of African Americans.
Many southern states had adopted qualifications such as grandfather clauses or property requirements, which created insurmountable barriers for former-slaves who
desired to be legal voters. Although facially
neutral, these provisions continued to allow
racial di ...
Are There Feminist Research Methods
... research techniques in their quest for evidence (=no feminist methods), but nonetheless
share a common core approach in their research (=a shared feminist methodology). This
feminist methodology, they propose, “is distinctive [from mainstream research] to the extent
that it is shaped by feminist the ...
Lying in a Room of One`s Own
... One of the favorite myths repeated in Women’s Studies textbooks is that women have not
been adequately represented in clinical trials for
new medical treatments.The authors of Women’s
Realities, Women’s Choices, for example, claim
that “medication and treatment for medical conditions not specific to ...
In India, patriarchal perceptions of women are often the
... None so better exemplified by the gang-rape of a student in Delhi on 16 December, 2012.
That evening, young women, returning from the cinema with a male friend boarded a bus on
which she dragged to the back of the bus, gang-raped and brutally attacked while the vehicle
drove around the highway. The ...
View/Open - AUC DAR Home - The American University in Cairo
... support of international organizations. These theories, taken together, present
conflicting views as they draw attention to distinct actors and motivations for quota
reform.23 They also suggest that none of these accounts, on their own, explain all
cases of quota reform.24 Some accounts characterize ...
... The Platform for Action emphasizes that women share common concerns that
can only be addressed by working together and in partnership with men towards the
common goal of gender equality around the world. It respects and values the full
diversity of women’s situations and conditions and recognizes th ...
Assessing the feminist revolution: The presence and absence of
... women might have different agendas or interests or problems was unheard of…so in the end, I was the only
woman in my cohort who completed the Ph.D. program” (1994:32). Even though women were already a
majority among sociology undergraduates in the 1960s, the overall share of advanced degrees going t ...
Bringing Equality Home: Implementing the
... issue and are committed to consistently relating human rights to the development dialogue. We are convinced that a women’s human rights framework equips women with a way to define and express their
experiences of violence, discrimination, and marginalisation. This framework provides a critical persp ...
Reading Chatelaine: Dr. Marion Hilliard and 1950s Women`s Healt
... once again became constructed as intrinsically “masculine,” and the private sphere as
“feminine” (Macdonald, 1995), re-establishing a patriarchal, gendered hierarchy.
Despite women’s expulsion from the public sphere, it also became clear that society
was changing. Many women who had been in the paid ...
Honors Thesis - Archive Home
... movement of time and characters, and sometimes
religious figures such as angels and devils. Morality plays had a religious subject matter but were
often performed outside of the church. They could be performed anywhere, out in the open or
even on wagons. Typically, a morality play was performed by s ...
1943 Guide To Hiring Women (U.S.)
... factories to shut down due to lack of fuel, Cuba had the lowest rate of joblessness in Latin America. But even workers
who were laid off because of plant closings continued to receive 60 percent of their wages. Inequalities In the standard of
living were dramatically reduced from the days of Batista ...
The G20 and Gender Equality
... Declaration, G20 leaders committed to tackling the barriers to women‟s full
economic and social participation and to expanding opportunities for women in
their countries. Oxfam supports this commitment, and calls on the G20 to go
further and assess the entirety of their agenda and actions in the lig ...
... her other works. Previous research mainly discusses Virginia Woolf as a modernist writer and
as a feminist, and the three works that this thesis analyses either as modernist or feminist
texts. This research tries to provide a link between the texts themselves, by comparing To the
Lighthouse (1927) a ...
The impact on women`s health of climatic and economic disaster
... the widening gulf between rich and poor. This is a critical time for the women’s health sector to engage with the global
politics that play a determining role in women’s health status. Health, environment, climate and the economy are
inextricably linked. As the Australian Women’s Health Network (AWH ...
... The term feminist theory is used to refer to a multitude of types
of works, produced by a movement of activists and scholars in
a variety of disciplines (Chafetz, 1997). Feminist theory first
developed in the 1970s as result of profound changes in women’s experiences and situations that led to a pol ...
How could the Convention CEDAW B IMPLEMENTED IN EU
... All civil and political rights as well as economic, social and cultural human rights, integrated
in CEDAW under the framework of non-discrimination and equality, impose negative and
positive obligations on States Parties. The concept of positive obligations has been
developed and concretised by huma ...
Second-wave feminism is a period of feminist activity that first began in the early 1960s in the United States, and eventually spread throughout the Western world and beyond. In the United States the movement lasted through the early 1980s. It later became a worldwide movement that was strong in Europe and parts of Asia, such as Turkey and Israel, where it began in the 1980s, and it began at other times in other countries.Whereas first-wave feminism focused mainly on suffrage and overturning legal obstacles to gender equality (i.e., voting rights, property rights), second-wave feminism broadened the debate to a wide range of issues: sexuality, family, the workplace, reproductive rights, de facto inequalities, and official legal inequalities. At a time when mainstream women were making job gains in the professions, the military, the media, and sports in large part because of second-wave feminist advocacy, second-wave feminism also drew attention to domestic violence and marital rape issues, establishment of rape crisis and battered women's shelters, and changes in custody and divorce law. Its major effort was the attempted passage of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) to the United States Constitution, in which they were defeated by anti-feminists led by Phyllis Schlafly, who argued as an anti-ERA view that the ERA meant women would be drafted into the military.Many historians view the second-wave feminist era in America as ending in the early 1980s with the intra-feminism disputes of the feminist sex wars over issues such as sexuality and pornography, which ushered in the era of third-wave feminism in the early 1990s.