OD REDAKCJI ARTYKUŁY KOMUNIKATY RECENZJE. OMÓWIENIA
... at the integration process from a cultural perspective is stepping up to becoming a challenge
for partners to the transaction. This article identifies the most important tools as well as
potential problems in shaping organizational culture. Case studies serve to illustrate the
... culture, and how it is created, influenced, and changed
4. Explain two roles organizational leaders have in an
5. Describe ways leaders influence organizational culture
Culture - Bakersfield College
... A. The degree to which you differ from another group member on
dimensions of language, social status, religion, politics, economic status,
and basic assumptions about reality.
B. The larger the cultural distance, the greater the difficulty in working
together and effectively communicating will be.
... promote recognition and respect for the individual
differences found among a group of employees.
• The idea of this management style is to encourage
employees to be comfortable with diversity in the
workplace and develop an appreciation for differences
in race, gender, background, sexual orientation ...
CHAPTER 16 – ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE
... and work environment. A positive overall workplace climate has been linked to higher customer
satisfaction and financial performance as well.
Culture as a Liability
Institutionalization : When an organization takes on a life of its own, apart from any of its members,
becomes valued for itself, and a ...
... • Language shapes the view of its speakers
• Language may create and reinforce inaccurate
perceptions based on gender, race, ethnicity, or
other human attributes
• Most sociologists believe that language may
Unit Two Virtual Lecture
... and customs people share and learn.
(Samovar and Porter, 2004)
• Culture influences your beliefs, values,
and world views, and is reflected in your
language, non-verbal behavior and how
you relate to others.
Day Four Notes: Intro to Culture
... 4. Cultural Variation
a. Cultural Universals: common features that are found in all human
i. The specific natures of those things vary.
b. Studying Variation
i. Ethnocentrism: tendency to view one’s culture and group as
superior to all other cultures and groups.
ii. Cultural Relativism: th ...
The Meanings and Dimensions of Culture TERMS • Culture
... Centralised vs. decentralised decision making – In some society’s top
managers make all important organisational decisions. In others these
decisions are diffused throughout the enterprise and middle and lower level
managers actively participate and make key decisions.
... What are organizations?
• Social inventions for accomplishing goals
through group effort.
– Social inventions: There is a fundamental
requirement the presence of people.
what is culture - Libertyville High School
... All six of these components together can
make a culture unique from other
cultures. However, these components do
not always remain the same across time.
In the modern world, most cultures are
not isolated or stagnant. Cultures are
growing, changing, and interacting with
one ano ...
... mid 1980s, this is how most people listened to
recorded music. The LP has since given way to
CDs and downloaded music stored in iPods.
12.kaffeeklatsch: An informal gathering of
friends to drink coffee and chat, like on the
television show Friends. This is a German word,
although the idea is very fa ...
The Meaning of Culture - Introduction to Human Behavior
... significance attached to them. They are common
customs of everyday life.
Ex. Holding a door for someone, saying “bless you” to a
Mores: have great moral significance attached to them.
Ex. Adultery, lying, cheating
Law: is a written rule of conduct that is enacted and
enforced by the gover ...
Culture Notes – Chapter 3.1
... that occurs in cultures throughout the world. This is where
values come into play.)
-Characteristics of VALUES (socially shared ideas)
... Humans have adapted by manipulating environments through
All cultures change and adapt over time. Cultural adaptation serves
to meets the basic needs of a cultural group for food and shelter,
procreation, and social order.
Humans have come to depend more and more on cultural
Variables to Consider When Designing an Organizational Structure
... employees from different functional groups are located within the company.
Organizational structure takes on an added level of complexity in international
businesses, as employees from vastly different cultures, performing completely different
tasks, are all part of the same organization.
as country of birth, geographic origin, language, religion, ancestral
... B. Intercultural communication refers to interactions that occur between people whose
cultures are so different that the communication between them is altered.
II. Culture affects communication.
A. Culture is the system of beliefs, values, and attitudes, and orientations learned through
CHAPTER 3 Culture
... Critics fear that regional differences are decreasing and being replaced by
a homogeneous culture that lacks diversity.
Organizational Culture Langton Ch 10
... culture more important than ever, but it also also makes
establishing a strong culture more difficult.
– Employees organized in teams may show greater
allegiance to their team and its values than to the values
of the organization as a whole.
– In virtual organizations, the lack of frequent face-to-f ...
Culture - The CSS Point
... from the larger culture to which they belong.
Counterculture- Describe the values and norms of
behavior of a cultural group, or subculture, that run
counter to those of the social mainstream of the day.
Cultural Drift is unplanned cultural change resulting
from a series of small changes within a cul ...
Chapter 1: Introducing Organization Theory: What is it and why does
... Organizational Culture Theory
• The most widely used organizational culture
framework is that of Edgar Schein (1988), who
adopts the functionalist view and described
• a pattern of basic assumptions, invented, discovered,
or developed by a given group, as it learns to cope
with its probl ...
Organizational culture encompasses values and behaviors that ""contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of an organization."" According to Needle (2004), organizational culture represents the collective values, beliefs and principles of organizational members and is a product of such factors as history, product, market, technology, and strategy, type of employees, management style, and national culture. Culture includes the organization's vision, values, norms, systems, symbols, language, assumptions, beliefs, and habits. Ravasi and Schultz (2006) wrote that organizational culture is a set of shared assumptions that guide what happens in organizations by defining appropriate behavior for various situations. It is also the pattern of such collective behaviors and assumptions that are taught to new organizational members as a way of perceiving and, even, thinking and feeling. Thus, organizational culture affects the way people and groups interact with each other, with clients, and with stakeholders. In addition, organizational culture may affect how much employees identify with an organization.Schein (1992), Deal and Kennedy (2000), and Kotter (1992) advanced the idea that organizations often have very differing cultures as well as subcultures. Although a company may have its ""own unique culture"", in larger organizations there are sometimes co-existing or conflicting subcultures because each subculture is linked to a different management team.Bernard Rosauer (2012), in 'Three Bell Curves: Business Culture Decoded' (, described his methods for helping organization leaders better understand what culture is, whether it could be measured and how it might be improved. Using Kennedy and Deal's definition of culture ('the way things are done around here'), Rosauer further defined culture as an 'emergence' – an extremely complex and often immeasurable state, resulting the combination of relatively few ingredients. From an organizations standpoint Rosauer argues the ingredients are 'employee (the people who get things done), the work (the things that actually get done), and the customer (the consumer of the provision).