Province of Massachusetts Bay
The Province of Massachusetts Bay was a crown colony in North America and one of the thirteen original states of the United States. It was chartered on October 7, 1691, by William and Mary, the joint monarchs of the kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland. The charter took effect on May 14, 1692, and included the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth Colony, the Province of Maine, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The modern Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the direct successor; Maine is a separate U.S. state, and Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are Canadian provinces (the last two were only part of the colony until 1697).The name Massachusetts comes from the Massachusett, an Algonquian tribe. The name has been translated as ""at the great hill"", ""at the place of large hills"", or ""at the range of hills"", with reference to the Blue Hills, and in particular, Great Blue Hill.