... a. However, cultural universality does not necessarily entail a genetic basis (e.g., fire
b. If people really were genetically programmed to avoid incest, a formal incest taboo
would be unnecessary.
c. This theory cannot explain why in some societies people can marry their cross
cousins but ...
... series of partners to get the assistance of another adult.
3. The form of marriage historically favored by the ancient Hebrews and Greeks as well
as modern Arabs has been:
c. the levirate
4. Endogamy is ____________.
d. marriage within a particular group of individuals
5. In all cultures, the ______ ...
Gender and Sex
... Incest Tabu and
• Incest tabu: prohibits sexual relations
between persons of defined relations
• Exogamy: prohibits marriage between
persons of defined relations
• Arunta of Australia:
• Marriage to mother mother’s brother’s
• Marriage exogamous: involved 2 ...
Marriage (Definition and History)
... important part of the organization of
society to meet human’s basic needs.
• The diversity of marriage reflects the
various ways that societies organize to
meet the functional requisites of sexual
reproduction, socialization of children,
and division of labour.
St. Charles Community College Fall 2015 Introduction to Cultural
... studied—from class lectures (including videos) and Reader articles.
What is potlatching?
What is redistribution? Examples from different cultures?
What are the 3 types of reciprocity? Be able to give an example of each.
Chapter 6: Political Systems
What is the difference between stratificati ...
Sex in marriage
... (familiarity increases the chances for
The opposite theory argues that people are
less likely to be sexually attracted to those
with whom they have grown up (familiarity
breeds contempt). 青梅竹马？
Ex. Kibbutz in Israel
... Usually committed by men against women
but can be vice versa
1 in 10 rape survivors are male
One of the most underreported crimes
Aside from physical trauma of raper, risk of
sexually transmitted disease, HIV,
pregnancy and psychological sequelae
... Preserving order
Providing and maintaining a sense of purpose
Sexuality in Adulthood
... • Lifestyles & satisfaction vary widely
– Celibacy or long-term monogamy
– Serial monogamy
– Single persons engage in sexual activity less
often & are less satisfied than married
sex and the anthro
... of this man that you’re doing a woman a
favour if you deflower her…(1967: 156).
Sexuality and Society
... The problem with the symbolicinteraction paradigm is that
a. sexuality is variable and changeable.
b. men see women in sexual terms more
than vice versa.
c. sex can deepen commitment.
d. there is more acceptance of gays and
... family of the groom to the family of the bride.
Approximately 46% of all societies give
substantial bridewealth payment as part of the
Bridewealth is most widely found in Africa,
where it is estimated that 82% of societies
require the payment of bridewealth.
Human Sexuality and Arranged Marriage
... It is difficult as many people are private about their sexual lives
Especially if they fall out of the norms
Eg. Gay or lesbian or teen premarital sexual activity
... On the other hand, some males get a big
charge from bragging about sexual
But for women, looking sexy is desirable,
but engaging in relations is a dilemma –
lose the guy or be labeled easy
The best books for Social Anthropology applicants
... fieldwork includes looking at patterns of behaviour in ordering drinks at a bar and in queuing. In
the latter case, she tested reactions by deliberately queue-jumping!
In her introduction she quotes the list compiled by her father, Robin Fox, another
anthropologist, of practices, customs and beliefs ...
... Inuit tribes have altogether different beliefs about what
constitutes illegal and moral/immoral incest
Clouds and Rain General
... Loss of semen (qiye), Energy (jingqi) is depleted
Aging results from potency (jingqi) depletion
Desire (yu) increases with emission frequency-addiction
Energy can be transferred between people
Birth to puberty: abundance of energy (yang)
Abstinence is harmful, physiologically and ...
Sexual Histories, 2nd Lecture Sexual Histories: A Framework
... paper – i.e., sexuality as a social, cultural and
historical construct (to be continued in Barry’s
‘Thinking Sex’ lecture)
2. To consider range of ways one might approach
topic of sexualities from a specifically historical
point of view.
1. Sexuality is historically constructed. Its forms a ...
Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Assault
... Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Assault
Child sexual abuse is a sexual act of power, aggression and violence imposed on a child. The
crime of luring a child into sexual activities is sadly common because of the powerful and
dominant position of the adult or older adolescent perpetrator. This is ...
Theories of Attraction
... Ideal Mate Theory
• Attraction is based on a the image of a
person’s ideal mate that they carry in their
• Everyone has an unconscious ideal man or
• Often based on life experience
Phar Discussion week 13
... documented as having sexual side effects. Depression itself can cause a low libido and is very
common in people with depression. Risk versus benefits will have to be weighed.
Not all antidepressants have sexual side effects. She needs to report her issues with her doctor
and they can discuss the var ...
Redefining Sex and Marriage
... children to the total number of women married. The resulting variable, the percent of
wives without children, measures the first type of sexual revolution. We measure the rise
of the second sexual revolution by comparing the number of women who have never
married with children to the total number of ...
Sexual Selection and Human Reproductive behaviour
... intersexual-selection (competition within members of the same sex) and intrasexual
selection (selection between the sexes where the partner preferences for one sex
determines the areas in which the other sex must compete). Sexual selection therefore focuses on the
characteristics that make us more a ...
An incest taboo is any cultural rule or norm that prohibits sexual relations between closely related persons. All human cultures have norms that exclude certain close relatives from those considered suitable or permissible sexual or marriage partners, making such relationships taboo. However, different norms exist among cultures as to which blood relations are permissible as sexual partners and which are not. The sexual relations between related persons which are subject to the taboo are called incestuous relationships.Some cultures proscribed sexual relations between clan-members, even when no traceable biological relationship exists, while members of other clans are permissible irrespective of the existence of a biological relationship. In many cultures, certain types of cousin relations are preferred as sexual and marital partners, whereas in others these are taboo. Some cultures permit sexual and marital relations between aunts/uncles and nephews/nieces. In some instances, brother–sister marriages have been practiced by the elites with some regularity. Parent–child and sibling–sibling unions are almost universally taboo.