The Economic Viability of Microfinancing in Pennsylvania
... 7. The Aspen Institute has estimated the cost of microfinancing programs acting as financial intermediaries to be $2,000 per loan (Corporation, 20092010). Sufficient state funding to intermediaries to help offset this cost is $500. Pennsylvania provides $7, with the majority of this money allocated ...
microcredit as a tool of ethical finance
... injection may make to aggregate economic demand in a
region may be countered by other factors that induce a
restriction of activity, with the net effect of the two sets of
operations being very low if not outright negative.
The line of reasoning is similar to that undertaken
when evaluating the effe ...
1 Bank-Borrower Relationships and Transition from Joint Liability to
We argue that a similar reputation effect may be at play in the process of graduating
from joint to individual liability loans in the microcredit sector. So, for instance, when an
MFI extends group loans to its new clients, group members monitor each other’s activities
and exert pressure ...
A Critical Comparison of cash- and asset-based Microcredit
... Microcredit practices largely use two specific models – individual liability lending (ILL)
and the joint liability lending (JLL) models. The former is the standard model in the formal
credit sector, where the individual is solely liable for the repayment of loans and usually
provides collateral. To ...
Taking Tiny Loans to the Next Level (Business Week)
... institutions collect comparable data from borrowers. On Nov. 13, Seattle-based Grameen
Technology Center launched a new software application called Mifos, a program designed to
standardize the way repayment data, as well as information on how clients' lives improve as a result
of getting loans, are ...
INTEREST FREE MICRO FINANCE FOR THE MARGINALIZED
... than three billion people live below
More than two billion do not have safe water
It has been estimated that it would require
only $21 bn. to provide micro finance to
world’s 100 million most poor families.
Poverty could be eradicated from the face of
earth if seven richest ...
... • most of them are very small w/ client’s base of less than 2,500
• Some 1000 million people access microfinance services globally.
• Clients are typically self-employed and w/a relatively stable source
... • Main surprise:
– At least 95% repayment rate!
– Even though interest rates are very high
Recommendations for a Legal and Regulatory
... • Typical microfinance clients have low-literacy, low-numeracy, and
less familiarity with formal financial sector
• All providers of similar financial services should be held to same
consumer protection standards, to provide level playing field and
comprehensive protection to consumers
• However, ex ...
Award Congressional Gold Medal to Economic Genius, Muhammad
... talked about the effects of the recent
one of the world’s great humanitarians, and an economic genius
economics crisis, and how it has limited our
ability to procure loans in this country. We
In 1974, as Bangladesh was struggling with terrible famine, this professor of all know that credit is the li ...
Wrong turn for microcredit
... But it has. And as a result, many borrowers in India have been defaulting on their microloans,
which could then result in lenders being driven out of business. India's crisis points to a clear
need to get microcredit back on track.
Trouble with microcredit began around 2005, when many lenders starte ...
This article is specific to small loans, often provided in a pooled manner. For direct payments to individuals for specific projects, see Micropatronage. For financial services to the poor, see Microfinance. For small payments, see Micropayment.Microcredit is the extension of very small loans (microloans) to impoverished borrowers who typically lack collateral, steady employment and a verifiable credit history. It is designed not only to support entrepreneurship and alleviate poverty, but also in many cases to empower women and uplift entire communities by extension. In many communities, women lack the highly stable employment histories that traditional lenders tend to require. Many are illiterate, and therefore unable to complete paperwork required to get conventional loans. As of 2009 an estimated 74 million men and women held microloans that totalled US$38 billion. Grameen Bank reports that repayment success rates are between 95 and 98 percent.Microcredit is part of microfinance, which provides a wider range of financial services, especially savings accounts, to the poor. Modern microcredit is generally considered to have originated with the Grameen Bank founded in Bangladesh in 1983. Many traditional banks subsequently introduced microcredit despite initial misgivings. The United Nations declared 2005 the International Year of Microcredit. As of 2012, microcredit is widely used in developing countries and is presented as having ""enormous potential as a tool for poverty alleviation.""Critics argue, however, that microcredit has not had a positive impact on gender relationships, does not alleviate poverty, has led many borrowers into a debt trap and constitutes a ""privatization of welfare"".The first randomized evaluation of microcredit, conducted by Esther Duflo and others, showed mixed results: there was no effect on household expenditure, gender equity, education or health, but the number of new businesses increased by one third compared to a control group. Professor Dean Karlan from Yale University says that whilst microcredit generates benefits it isn't the panacea that it has been purported to be. He advocates also giving the poor access to savings accounts.