... 2. Lifestyle choices influence the likelihood of someone being in public places
3. Offenders and their victims often share the same demographic profile
4. Lifestyle choices influence victimization
Routine Activities Theory
Likelihood of victimization dependent on the daily activities of people
Section 5: Somatoform Disorders
... them instead physically
• Behavior Theory – symptoms serve as a
reinforcer if they successfully allow a person
to escape from anxiety
• Recent thoughts – convert psychological stress
into actual medical problems
• Possible genetic factors
psych mod 22 terms
... Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV-Test Revision (DSM-IVTR): a uniform system for assessing specific symptoms and matching them to almost 300
different mental disorders
Labeling: identifying and naming differences among individuals, the label, which places
individuals into spec ...
... Somatoform and
Chapter 14, Lecture 4
“It is little comfort to be told that the problem is
‘all in your head.’ Although the symptoms may
be psychological in origin, they are nevertheless
- David Myers
... autism and speech problems?
11. What does Axis IV measure?
12. What major areas are included in a description of adaptive functioning?
of leisure time?
14. Anxiety is a reaction to:
15. Continuous anxiety is called:
16. W ...
... continued sensation in all other
parts of the arm, as shown in
(a)-—cannot result from nerve
damage, because no nerves
innervate the hand without
innervating part of the arm.
The actual areas of sensory
loss that would occur if
specific nerves were damaged
are shown in (b). Thus,
whenever glove anes ...
NS330 Quiz 5 - WordPress.com
... not destructive to property; angry, defensive, easily annoyed
Conduct disorder (antisocial if >15yrs)- repetitive &
persistent violation of rights of others; often see cruelty to
animals, aggressiveness to younger children, impervious to
pain, fire setting, sexual acting out
ADHD- inattention & hype ...
... REAL physical illness with psychological CAUSES such as stress or anxiety
Tension headaches, for example
Research indicates that most, if not all, illnesses may have a psychosomatic component
Key features: The person experiences VAGUE, recurring physi ...
The Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
... • Somatic Symptom Disorder – excessive energy
expended or distress over health or somatic
• Illness Anxiety Disorder – fears about a
medical condition without somatic symptoms
• Conversion Disorder – unexplained
• Also malingering and factitious disorder
... intimate relationships with others.
Symptoms: The symptoms of PTSD can range from constantly reliving
the event to a general emotional numbing. Persistent anxiety,
exaggerated startle reactions, difficulty concentrating,
nightmares, and insomnia are common. In addition, people with PTSD
typically av ...
... – Anxiety disorders are the most common of all psychiatric
– More common in women than men
– Minority children and children from low socioeconomic
environments at risk
– A familial predisposition probably exists
Fleeting Thoughts and Subtle Images
... trauma, isolating yourself to avoid people or places that remind you of the event. Difficulty
recalling an important aspect of the event is also a symptom of PTSD. Loss of interest in
activities and a sense of a foreshortened future are characteristics of this diagnosis. Inability
to feel emotions a ...
... • Lack of physical diagnosis can be very frustrating for
• Never underestimate the effect it can have on you,
• Also a huge financial burden on health services
... primarily biological, trauma-related illness is
primarily environmentally caused (although it
has biological sequelae).
Just as in Freud’s time, recognizing trauma
often means acknowledging the worst about
Mental Health Issues
... with life in the absence of a real threat or
after danger has passed.
Anxiety disorders affect about 40 million
(18%) American adults age 18 years and older
in a given year.
◦ Women are 60% more likely than men to experience
an anxiety disorder over their lifetime.
◦ A large, national survey of adol ...
... ◦ Therapist helps the client build an anxiety
hierarchy (list or triggers)
◦ Teaching the client deep relaxation techniques
◦ Client tries to work through the hierarchy,
... – Pt aware behavior is excessive, yet continues to engage
to seek relief and ↓ anxiety/tension
– Interferes with usual routine
... Thoughts are often of a frightening nature.
Compulsions are the behaviors people feel driven to perform. Often take the form of
washing or cleaning or checking behaviors.
To be a disorder the actions and thoughts are very debilitating. They are considered an
anxiety disorder, because if they do not ...
Symptoms of victimization
Victimization refers to a person being made into a victim by someone else and can take on psychological as well as physical forms, both of which are damaging to victims. Forms of victimization include (but are not limited to) bullying or peer victimization, physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal abuse, robbery, and assault. Some of these forms of victimization are commonly associated with certain populations, but they can happen to others as well. For example, bullying or peer victimization is most commonly studied in children and adolescents but also takes place between adults. Although anyone may be victimized, particular groups (e.g. children, the elderly, individuals with disabilities) may be more susceptible to certain types of victimization and as a result to the symptoms and consequences that follow. Individuals respond to victimization in a wide variety of ways, so noticeable symptoms of victimization will vary from person to person. These symptoms may take on several different forms (e.g. psychological, behavioral, or physical), be associated with specific forms of victimization, and be moderated by individual characteristics of the victim and/or experiences after victimization.