Contemporary Moral Issues
... Cultural Ethical Realism : Morality is dependent on
collective practice and preference
Individual Ethical Relativism : Morality is dependent
on a person’s own experiences and value systems
Moral Isolationism : One cannot understand another
culture’s moral system if one is not a member of that
What is Positive Law - Berkeley Law Scholarship Repository
... as distinguished from Christianity, Christlichkeit). As Nietzsche understands
it, "Christendom is platonism for 'the people. " 18 It erects another world above
and beyond the natural or sensible world, and counterposes the illusoriness of
what appears to the senses in this "valley of tears" (rtd 6p= ...
Chapter 3: How Can I Know What is Right?
... Good will is the only thing that can be
conceived as good without qualification
Action of duty has moral worth not in the
purpose to be attained, but by the
principle of volition irrespective of desire
Duty is the necessity to act out of
reverence for the law
chapter 1: learning
... The only thing good without qualification or exception is a good will (other good
things can be used for bad purposes or with bad results, but not a good will)
A good will is one that operates entirely in accordance with the dictates of pure
The categorical imperative is the universal command ...
Vocabulary for the Hans Jonas reading, Chapter 1 from The
... mendacity. Untruthfulness. Falsehood or lying.
metaphysics. The branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the nature of reality, being, and the
world. It addresses questions such as: What is the nature of reality? What is humankind’s place in
the universe? Does the world exist outside the mind? ...
"Nihilism" encyclopedia entry - Victoria University of Wellington
... and yet the images that tend to spring to mind upon hearing the word “nihilist” involve
radical countercultural political affiliations or a kind of morbid anomie. These images have
more to do with political nihilism and existential nihilism than with moral nihilism.
Political nihilism was a radical ...
Philosophies in Grendel Chapter One Orphism: the teachings of an
... Old Testament (the basic values of good vs. evil, vengeful God)
Nihilism: Nihilism is the belief that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated. It is
often associated with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism that condemns existence. A true nihilist woul ...
This project draws on the work of two thinkers, C.... Brave New World
... 279). When this belief falls, and no new system can take its place, European morality and
identity will collapse with it. This is what Nietzsche calls nihilism: A nihilist believes in
nothing, and feels his life to have no purpose. Although Lewis does not use the same term, he
discusses essentially ...
Nihilism (/ˈnaɪ.ɨlɪzəm/ or /ˈniː.ɨlɪzəm/; from the Latin nihil, nothing) is a philosophical doctrine that suggests the lack of belief in one or more reputedly meaningful aspects of life. The Greek philosopher and Sophist, Gorgias (ca. 485 BC–380 BC), is perhaps the first to consider the Nihilistic belief. Most commonly, nihilism is presented in the form of existential nihilism, which argues that life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value. Moral nihilists assert that morality does not inherently exist, and that any established moral values are abstractly contrived. Nihilism can also take epistemological or ontological/metaphysical forms, meaning respectively that, in some aspect, knowledge is not possible, or that reality does not actually exist.The term is sometimes used in association with anomie to explain the general mood of despair at a perceived pointlessness of existence that one may develop upon realising there are no necessary norms, rules, or laws. Movements such as Futurism and deconstruction, among others, have been identified by commentators as ""nihilistic"" at various times in various contexts.Nihilism is also a characteristic that has been ascribed to time periods: for example, Jean Baudrillard and others have called postmodernity a nihilistic epoch, and some Christian theologians and figures of religious authority have asserted that postmodernity and many aspects of modernity represent a rejection of theism, and that such rejection of their theistic doctrine entails nihilism.