The Social Organisation of Science as a Question for
... Reading philosophy of science writings of roughly the last twenty-five years one may be
struck by something of a new theme emerging alongside the more traditional topics. The
arguments within this trend may have remarkable differences in scope, object of application
and the ultimate aim and may show ...
DCDR.dk - Din låne research online
... designers for creating social spaces with and around these technologies. This
awareness is established by developing and relating words in conceptual frameworks,
aimed at enabling the designer with ways to describe and conceptualize future design
proposals. I seek to achieve scientific validity of m ...
Constructing Sustainability A Study of Emerging Scientific Research
... sustainability science: the fundamental understanding of the dynamics of humanenvironment interactions (e.g., Turner et al. 2003a,b).
At the core of these and similar efforts is a critical question: How can
science and technology most effectively inform and foster social action for
sustainability? H ...
Qualitative Spatial Reasoning: Framework and Frontiers
... relation to this model can be found in (Forbus, Nielsen, & Faltings, 1991). As the
household robot example suggests, we believe the MD/PV model is relevant to pathplanning problems. Furthermore, the widely reported use of imagery in scientific and
engineering reasoning (c.f. Tweney, 1990) suggests t ...
Review of Objectivity and Its Other, Edited by Wolfgang Natter
... knowledge. This form of ethnocentrism -- the inherent contextuality of meaning -- is not pernic ious
since there is no closure nor final nor right meaning possible. New interpretations will always be
needed as contexts change, hence hermeneutics pursues an open as opposed to closed horizon model
Biological Level of Analysis
... which has investigated schema
Describe one research study
which has investigated schema
Outline and evaluate with
Jasanoff – Imaginaries – P. 1 Future Imperfect: Science, Technology
... distinctively modern and social? Here is his answer:
By social imaginary, I mean something much broader and deeper than the
intellectual schemes people may entertain when they think about reality in a
disengaged mode. I am thinking, rather, of the ways people imagine their social
existence, how they ...
Radical Enactivism, Wittgenstein and the cognitive gap
... then I would have to adjust my plans accordingly. For instance, if the flight I had
booked for that day were to be cancelled, then I would need to re-arrange my
booking at the hotel etc. All of this background knowledge requires the exploitation
and manipulation of “symbolic representations of the t ...
• The Wason selection task
– Within a familiar content
> You are working at a bar
> There is a table of 4, each person is drinking something, you can see
that one person is drinking beer, another is drinking Coke.
> You know the other two people,one is 18, one is 19 yrs old.
If one is dri ...
Chapter 9 Not Knowing Mar. `10 “Ignorance is the necessary
... position, arguing that it would be immodest or impudent for the opponent not to defer to
the eminence’s superior position to know. In the case of the ad ignorantiam, the Lockean
strategy is yet “[a]nother way that men do ordinarily use to drive others and force them to
submit their judgments and rec ...
Notes on the Ontology of Design
... manner of approaching not only the task but the world, more ethnographic perhaps. Designers
also discuss the changing status of “the object,” and even the “nonobject” (Lukic and Katz
2010), much as anthropologists have been doing it. Finally, as exemplified recently by Anne
Balsamo (2011) for the ca ...
Criticism and a First Selectionist Metamodel for the Growth of
... There is a particular paradox entailed by the legacy of David Hume, perhaps
both the most influential and the most ignored philosopher in the history of
science. On the one hand, his empiricism was the chief philosophical
inspiration of the logical positivists, who in turn gave shape to science as w ...
Perception Processing for General Intelligence
... to the above-cited references, and assuming basic knowledge of how both systems
work. These two systems were not originally designed to work together, but we
will describe a method for achieving their tight integration via
1. Modifying DeSTIN in several ways, so that
Principles of Research Design in the Social Sciences
... effectiveness by numerous examples of successful research.
But you do not have to restrict yourself to the standard approaches. The
very fact that policy research, for example, has successfully used a variety of
designs should encourage all social scientists to be innovative where
appropriate. The i ...
Törnberg, Petter - Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences
... now taken for granted – sneak into the study of social systems; meta-theoretical
underpinnings about the nature and organization of systems that are rarely made
explicit. These contain tacit and unexamined answers to questions like: What are
the real entities of the social world (Byrne, 2002, p.136) ...
Reading social science - University of London International
... chosen because they exemplify the ways in which important questions
about human beings and their societies have been treated in very different
ways over time. The texts on this course are each significant in an area of
the social sciences; however, they are not always the ‘founding texts’ of a
Jon Rick, Core Lecturer in Philosophy, Columbia University, June
... If one is disinterested in discussing Hobbes’s theory of liberty (though again, I
strongly encourage this) one may omit XXI. Such an omission, I suggest, would
be a mistake. Hobbes’s theory of freedom is usefully juxtaposed with that of
Locke and especially Rousseau (as well as Plato, Mill, and He ...
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY (PSY) 211 AYERS HALL
... 415. Cognitive Processes (3). Prerequisite: PSY 201 or 202. This course reviews processes, such as memory, concept
formation, reasoning, critical thinking, problem solving, and applications of cognitive science.
423. Sensation and Perception (3). Prerequisite: PSY 201 or 202. The course provides an ...
athabasca university change in systems: theory and implications by
... Not only do I find the various discourses within psychology somewhat disorienting, I
would add that psychology is a privileged profession within the social sciences. Sociologists and
anthropologists, for example, do not get ‘licensed’ and have a ‘clinical practice.’ To illustrate
my point here, I ca ...
... The TACs will fulfill a variety of roles to include sensors (reconnaissance and surveillance),
weapons (unmanned tanks and howitzers), logistics support (supply vehicles), transport, search
and rescue, mine clearing, sentries and medical care. Microbots and nanobots 1 will fill roles that,
The poverty of selectionism and its relevance for the study of
... scholars more than a century ago is again the focus of attention and several evolutionary
accounts are being proposed. Day sees this development as an important step forward and
makes his own contribution by showing there is more in the Darwinian toolbox then what
scholars of religion have until now ...
... data collection are only one type of method. There are methods of data
analysis, such as statistical inference, sampling and new forms of computerbased qualitative analysis, which are used to interpret and analyse the data;
and methods of research enquiry, used to formulate the research, such as the ...
6 Endogenous Knowledge: Implications for Sustainable Development
... al 2003). This is in line with results from work carried out in Africa by Haller
(2002, 2007). A major insight is that this kind of religious and spiritual ori
entation helps in monitoring culturally defined nature–society relationships
and in sanctioning deviational behaviour (Haller 2010); accord ...
... that the freedom of knowledge does not mean freedom
from knowledge. Yet the chains grow tighter and tighter
and flight from them more and more frequent.
As dangerous to humanity as the freezing of knowledge
in the physical sciences during the dark ages past
might have been, in the dark age coming it ...
William J. Clancey (born 1952) is a computer scientist who specializes in cognitive science and artificial intelligence. He has worked in computing in a wide range of sectors, including medicine, education, and finance, and had performed research that brings together cognitive and social science to study work practices and examine the design of agent systems. Clancey has been described as having developed “some of the earliest artificial intelligence programs for explanation, the critiquing method of consultation, tutorial discourse, and student modeling,” and his research has been described as including “work practice modeling, distributed multiagent systems, and the ethnography of field science.” He has also participated in Mars Exploration Rover mission operations, “simulation of a day-in-the-life of the ISS, knowledge management for future launch vehicles, and developing flight systems that make automation more transparent.” Clancey’s work on ""heuristic classification"" and ""model construction operators"" is regarded as having been influential in the design of expert systems and instructional programs.Clancey was Chief Scientist for Human-Centered Computing at NASA Ames Research Center, Intelligent Systems Division from 1998-2013, where he managed the Work Systems Design & Evaluation Group. During this intergovernmental personnel assignment as a civil servant, he was also employed at the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition in Pensacola, where he holds the title of Senior Research Scientist.