A Kachina by Any Other Name: Linguistically Contextualizing Native
... is used today. My research is a preliminary exploration into linguistically contextualizing
Native American collections. This paper addresses many supporting concepts, potential
concerns, and workable methods for bringing attention to language in museums.
Benjamin Lee Whorf, Edward Sapir, and other ...
Intuitions and Competence in Formal Semantics
... a flourishing field, but not longer the dominant paradigm, being in the
company of corpus-based investigations, including typological and historical databases, work that extensively uses computational modelling,
and so on. With this diversity in theories and approaches comes one in
methodologies. An ...
Exploring Intercultural Interactions in Multicultural Contexts:
... expressed through lexical content are included” in this level (Gumperz, 1992, p.
233). Not only words uttered, but also contexts, prosody, and syntactic and
lexical choices signaled in the interactions should be assessed. Examinations of
the inferencing process at the sequential level should focus o ...
Kinship Expressions and Terms
... A great milestone in kinship study, still widely mined
for data, was Morgan’s (1870) analytical compendium of term/kin-type mappings from American Indian
languages based on detailed questionnaires filled out
by local correspondents (Trautmann, 1987). In interdisciplinary museum expeditions, such as ...
melanesian pidgin and second language acquisition
... that it is precisely where Melanesian Pidgin has incorporated grammatical patterns
common to the substratum languages, as in the pronominal system and the marking
of transitivity, that it has acquired syntactic complexity unusual in pidgins and creoles.
These hypotheses have predictably been critici ...
II. A Certain Inheritance: Nineteenth Century German
... 65). Kant was a classic representative of the Enlightenment whereas Herder
marked the beginning of the Counter Enlightenment in Germany, a movement
called Romanticism. Although Kant was the first to use the word anthropology
in his work for a new ‘science of man’, it was ultimately Herder who determ ...
A brief history of Stylistics
... in arguing for a particular view of a text, because, like the slip 'twixt cup and lip, there
are often logical gaps between the claim and the quotation intended to support it. In
other words, stylisticians think that intuition is not enough and that we should analyze
the text in detail and take care ...
introduction to contrastive linguistics
... throughout the 50s and 60s - and extend its scope so as to describe the differences, as well
as the similarities between two or more linguistic systems, both cross-linguistically and
intralinguistically, and both synchronically and diachronically. Thus, on the diachronic
level, issues regarding the ...
Building a Corpus in Linguistic Anthropology
... In anthropology and linguistics, the term corpus refers to a collection of data sets used to tackle a
particular research question. This can be a collection of passive sentences used for a research on the
passive of a certain language, or a collection of photos, interview recordings and their transc ...
Anthropology 104 Traditional Cultures of the World
... holistic its study includes all humans of all places
and all times.
• 2) Interrelatedness. Because anthropology is holistic
any human group should be studied in its entirety,
finding connections among economics, politics,
religion, language, etc.
“Code Switching” in Sociocultural Linguistics
... accused justly, of failure to look beyond the pretty patterns of their
subject matter, should become aware of what their science may
mean for the interpretation of human conduct in general. Whether
they like it or not, they must become increasingly concerned with
the many anthropological, sociologic ...
Phraseology and linguistic theory
... However, this innuence is often not fully recognized or acknowledged, or reflected terminologically. This is undesirable, not only because it is often not easy to recognize the
domains where research on phraseology has left its marks, but also because it renders
the overlap of assumptions, concepts, ...
BETWEEN LANGUAGE AND CONSCIOUSNESS: LINGUISTIC
... our everyday language.
So one may read that something appears in consciousness, something
is in the ﬁeld of consciousness, or in the margins of it. The formulations suggest that we should understand consciousness as a kind of distinguished place. One can encounter formulations suggesting that consci ...
RTF - UDC
... sets of signals are not "decoded", but coded again by the receiver into his or her own notional
representations of the sender's intent. So I would like to venture that in human communication
"decoding" never takes place. Speaker and hearer use not only different codes, but codes of a
different natur ...
Society for Ethnomusicology
... To explain means to account for observable phenomena in terms of their
underlyingregularities,or principles(Hempel 1966).
We might first note that one never explains something by previously
assumingit. The difference between explaining and assuminglies in evidence.
Explanations require empirical sup ...
From Cultural Selection to Genetic Selection: A Framework for the
... claims are problematic: the parity hypothesis is partially right – selection for parity is an important element in the construction of any communication system. The problem, of course, is that we know of no
complex system of communication, in biology or
elsewhere, which can be explained on the basis ...
LC-01 Introduction-0.. - Michigan State University
... The concept of “culture” is the central concept in the field of anthropology. Culture
encompasses everything with which people organize and understand their lives. Because culture
is socially constructed, it follows that different societies will have different ways in which they
organize and underst ...
New Paths in the Linguistic Anthropology of Oceania
... 1994). They do so not only through the use of
language in which propositional meaning is created, but also, and perhaps more signiﬁcantly,
through the semiotic working of language,
where social actors use or interpret “contextualization cues” (Gumperz 1982, 1992), in particular those with indexical ...
All of the Above: New Coalitions in Sociocultural Linguistics
... and representation. Because we have discussed these and related concepts in
detail elsewhere (Bucholtz and Hall 2004a, 2005) and elaborate on some of them
further below, we will not explore each of them in depth here. However, it is worth
highlighting that it is this remarkably broad and fertile the ...
Toward a Mechanistic Understanding of Linguistic Diversity
... patterns in biodiversity. This body of work has made important advances and has much to offer researchers interested
in other types of diversity. We focus here on the ways in
which advances in ecology and evolutionary biology can
support the analysis of drivers of linguistic diversity. There
is an a ...
Generative linguistics within the cognitive neuroscience of language
... patterns of asterisks (“stars”), question marks and percentage signs, indicating
various judgments within or across native speakers about the examples. For the
most part, these examples themselves do not constitute “data” in the usual sense
from cognitive psychology; rather, they stand in for potent ...
Chapter 7 The Language Of Thought
... How does connectionism argue against the language of thought? (123-4)
According to Stainton, what are the 3 main features of the connectionist network?
Why does Stainton believe that the language of thought hypothesis can defend itself against the criticism
of it that is based on connectionist model ...
Some Principles on the use of Macro
... describe one fragment of history is a contribution that does not necessarily require
describing every fragment of history. However, equally important are studies that are
devoted to ruling out language contact as an explanation for some linguistic data in
favour of a genealogical and/or universal ac ...
The principle of linguistic relativity holds that the structure of a language affects the ways in which its respective speakers conceptualize their world, i.e. their world view, or otherwise influences their cognitive processes. Popularly known as the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, or Whorfianism, the principle is often defined to include two versions. The strong version says that language determines thought, and that linguistic categories limit and determine cognitive categories, whereas the weak version says only that linguistic categories and usage influence thought and certain kinds of non-linguistic behavior.The term ""Sapir–Whorf hypothesis"" is considered a misnomer by linguists for several reasons: because Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf never co-authored anything, and never stated their ideas in terms of a hypothesis. The distinction between a weak and a strong version of this hypothesis is also a later invention; Sapir and Whorf never set up such a dichotomy, although often in their writings their views of this relativity principle are phrased in stronger or weaker terms.The idea was first clearly expressed by 19th-century thinkers, such as Wilhelm von Humboldt, who saw language as the expression of the spirit of a nation. Members of the early 20th-century school of American anthropology headed by Franz Boas and Edward Sapir also embraced forms of the idea to one extent or another, but Sapir in particular wrote more often against than in favor of anything like linguistic determinism. Sapir's student, Benjamin Lee Whorf, came to be seen as the primary proponent as a result of his published observations of how he perceived linguistic differences to have consequences in human cognition and behavior. Harry Hoijer, one of Sapir's students, introduced the term ""Sapir–Whorf hypothesis"", even though the two scholars never formally advanced any such hypothesis. A strong version of relativist theory was developed from the late 1920s by the German linguist Leo Weisgerber. Whorf's principle of linguistic relativity was reformulated as a testable hypothesis by Roger Brown and Eric Lenneberg who conducted experiments designed to find out whether color perception varies between speakers of languages that classified colors differently. As the study of the universal nature of human language and cognition came into focus in the 1960s the idea of linguistic relativity fell out of favor among linguists. A 1969 study by Brent Berlin and Paul Kay demonstrated the existence of universal semantic constraints in the field of color terminology which were widely seen to discredit the existence of linguistic relativity in this domain, although this conclusion has been disputed by relativist researchers.From the late 1980s a new school of linguistic relativity scholars have examined the effects of differences in linguistic categorization on cognition, finding broad support for non-deterministic versions of the hypothesis in experimental contexts. Some effects of linguistic relativity have been shown in several semantic domains, although they are generally weak. Currently, a balanced view of linguistic relativity is espoused by most linguists holding that language influences certain kinds of cognitive processes in non-trivial ways, but that other processes are better seen as arising from connectionist factors. Research is focused on exploring the ways and extent to which language influences thought. The principle of linguistic relativity and the relation between language and thought has also received attention in varying academic fields from philosophy to psychology and anthropology, and it has also inspired and colored works of fiction and the invention of constructed languages.