... – Recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses or
images experience at some time during the
disturbance, as intrusive and inappropriate and
that cause marked anxiety or distress.
– The thoughts/impulses/images are not simply
excessive worries about real life problems.
– The person attempts to ignore ...
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( OCD )
... A psychiatric disorder characterized by
obsessive thoughts and compulsive actions,
such as cleaning, checking, counting, or
hoarding. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
(OCD), one of the anxiety disorders, is a
potentially disabling condition that can persist
throughout a person's life.
... • The DSM-V includes a new chapter on
Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders
• New disorders also have been identified:
Hoarding Disorder and Excoriation (skinpicking) Disorder
• Similarity among the set of disorders across
symptoms, neurobiological networks,
genetics, course of illness and trea ...
... • Therapists can also help by
focusing the person with the
phobia on the main problem.
• The best way a person can treat
a phobia is overcome the
symptoms by sheer willpower.
NextUs: Discovering our True Nature
... conceived of God as the natural universe
• Also support in Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity
• Common theme: an immaterial realm flows
through our bodies and our minds, and binds us
• Anti-‘New Atheists’ (Dawkins, Hitchens, Harris)
Obssessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is considered among the
... A 1995 meta-analysis by Kirsch et all showed a significant advantage when hypnosis is used
adjunctively in cognitive–behavioral therapy for a number of problems.
Although OCD, traditionally, is seen as a fear-based disorder, recent investigations report the role
of disgust in contamination-related O ...
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
... DSM -5 OCD Criteria
• Recurrent & persistent thought, impulses, or images
that are experienced, at some time during the
disturbance, as intrusive and inappropriate & that
cause marked anxiety or distress.
• The thoughts, impulses, or images aren’t simply
excessive worries about life prob ...
... - extreme mood changes
- high to low for no apparent reason
- chemical imbalance in the brain
a case report - Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry
... preoccupation with contamination, although exaggerated
is less intense than in Delusional Disorder and is justified
because germs are indeed ubiquitous (5). The patient we
describe would fit such a description even though sharp
objects embedded in clothing are more likely to be visible
and are less ...
... – Attempt to escape or block out traumatic
– Amnesia + flight to a diff. environment
– last from days to decades
– New identity possibly est.
– Escape from conflict
Methods and Ethics of Psychology
... Shortness of breath, heart palpitations,
sweating, dizziness, feeling detached from
Mimic physical disorder, hard to diagnose
... Persistent avoidance of stimuli
associated with the trauma.
Numbing of general responsiveness
Persistent increased arousal (problems
hypervigilance, exaggerated startle
All symptoms must last more than 1
Fleeting Thoughts and Subtle Images
... The person with PTSD may also have difficulty with a normal sleep pattern and have trouble
concentrating. They may seem more irritable and express anger more often than the average
person who has not been traumatized. They adopt a feeling of hypervigilance watching their
back and scanning their envi ...
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Reflection Paper
... increase the amount of pleasure they experience. In addition, depressed patients learn how to
change negative thought patterns in order to understand their environment in a less negativelybiased way. As regular sleep has been found to be very important in both depression and bipolar
disorder, therap ...
depression-1 - IB Psychology.com
... Psychotherapy, or "talk therapy" is an important part of
treatment of depression for many people. It can sometimes work
alone in cases of mild to moderate depression or it can be used in
conjunction with other treatments. People who are severely
depressed may not be able to benefit from psychotherap ...
Mental Disorder Notes File
... D) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): An unwanted thought or image that
takes control of the mind is an obsession. An obsession can lead to a compulsion ,
an unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome. OCD
interferes with life. Ex: fear of germs, hand washing, violent ...
Obsessive‑compulsive disorder (OCD)
... Persons with OCD often do not seek treatment.
Many individuals with OCD delay for years before obtaining an evaluation for obsessivecompulsive (OC) symptoms.
Patients with OCD often feel shame regarding their symptoms and put great effort into
concealing them from family, friends, and health care pr ...
... B. Man stands in street & directs traffic away
... OCD: A02
(-) Cognitive bias (such as hypervigilance) seems to give
a good account of individual differences in susceptibility
(+) The treatment of patients with OCD by reducing
hypervigilance has shown success, showing that it might
be a contributing factor in OCD
(-) The cognitive appr ...
Mental Health Issues
... Anxiety affects how we feel, behave and can
have physical symptoms.
It can feel like fear, but oftentimes the cause
of the anxiety is unknown.
Severe anxiety can be debilitating.
Symptoms of anxiety include:
◦ Tense muscles, trembling, churning stomach,
nausea, numbness in the body, headache,
Impact on Family Systems - Missionary Kids Safety Net
... Adult Survivors of Childhood Trauma
• Every case is unique
• Not every person will develop a disorder
• The type or severity of trauma does not determine the probability of
developing a disorder
• Diathesis/Stress Model
• Any extreme stressor
• Physical, sexual, psychological abuse
... – Symptoms can begin at any time following the
event but must last for longer than 1 month
An intrusive thought is an unwelcome involuntary thought, image, or unpleasant idea that may become an obsession, is upsetting or distressing, and can feel difficult to manage or eliminate. When such thoughts are associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), depression, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), and sometimes attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the thoughts may become paralyzing, anxiety-provoking, or persistent. Intrusive thoughts may also be associated with episodic memory, unwanted worries or memories from OCD, posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, eating disorders, or psychosis. Intrusive thoughts, urges, and images are of inappropriate things at inappropriate times, and generally have aggressive, sexual, or blasphemous themes.