10-An Atlas of Diseases of the Nail
... The nail is limited in its response to pathological processes. An understanding of these
non-specific nail findings helps with the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of nail
conditions. When the abnormal features are identified correctly, a differential diagnosis
can be generated. Most of the comm ...
... titer. An intradermal positive test to streptococcal antigens is
often found in patients with erythema nodosum secondary to
streptococcal infections, although when the cutaneous nodules develop, the cultures of routine throat swabs usually do
not detect microorganisms.22,104
Tuberculosis is now an u ...
Simponi Aria - UnitedHealthcareOnline.com
... This Drug Policy provides assistance in interpreting UnitedHealthcare benefit plans. When deciding
coverage, the enrollee specific document must be referenced. The terms of an enrollee's document (e.g.,
Certificate of Coverage (COC) or Summary Plan Description (SPD)) may differ greatly. In the event ...
PROCEDURES TRACKED THROUGHOUT TRAINING
... Office or other outpatient visit for the evaluation and management of an established patient,
which requires at least 2 of these 3 key components: An expanded problem focused history;
An expanded problem focused examination; Medical decision making of low complexity.
Counseling and coordination of c ...
FOR HEALTHIER gUMS - GUM® Brand GUM® Brand
... In recent years, studies have shown that oral bacteria can enter the blood stream and travel
throughout the body. Bodily response to the bacteria, including generation of cytokines, can
lead to serious health problems, such as increased risk for cardiovascular disease, aggravation
of diabetes, pneum ...
Hepatitis and Liver Cancer
... Su Wang, Charles B. Wang Community Health Center
John B. Wong, Tufts Medical Center
Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and
suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations, nor did they
see the final draft of the report before i ...
Guideline for disinfection and sterilization in healthcare facilities 2008
... published before 1980 were reviewed and, if still relevant, included in the guideline. The three major peerreviewed journals in infection control—American Journal of Infection Control, Infection Control and
Hospital Epidemiology, and Journal of Hospital Infection—were searched for relevant articles ...
HIV/AIDS Guidelines - Infectious Diseases Society of America
... immunosuppression in HIV-infected persons,1,2 were the principal cause of morbidity and mortality in this
population. In the early 1990s, the use of chemoprophylaxis, immunization, and better strategies for
managing acute OIs contributed to improved quality of life and improved survival.3 Subsequent ...
ICCMS™ Guide for Practitioners and Educators Nigel B. Pitts,
... errors from Dr. Pat Croskerry (Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University,
Canada). His important work in this field began with researching decision making systems
in emergency medicine, however his theories and teachings on heuristics are now being
applied in many medical disciplines inclu ...
Complete International Scientific Exchange brochure
... this bacteria by this medicinal plant, and in case the effects of bacteriocidal or bacteriostatic are determined, it is possible to use its extract or
powder as a traditional or synthetic drug.
Method: Adiantum capilus-veneris collected from Condolus medicinal
plants farm and herbarium sample was pr ...
REPLACING OLD DENTURES
... Are there any other approaches for immediate denture therapy?
• Although not advisable, it is possible to extract all of the teeth, back teeth and front teeth, at one
time and insert the immediate denture on the same day. Such an approach is problematic and
should be routinely discouraged unless the ...
GUIDANCE ON THE PROPHYLAXIS AND TREATMENT OF INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS IN ADULTS
... This review is intended to improve the care of patients with IE and those at risk of
developing IE. It is directed at junior and senior cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and
surgeons in other specialities, anaesthetists and intensivists, gynaecologists, physicians in
all specialties, dental surgeons, ...
C Cough in the Pediatric Population
... and signs, radiographs, and laboratory results (Table II;
available at www.jpeds.com). A frequent (daily) wet cough
is the best clinical marker of the presence of a specific cough.
Chronic dyspnea and hemoptysis are also historical predictors of specific cough, as are abnormal chest x-ray and auscul ...
Property Flyer - Fuqua Development
... Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Children in the Era of Combination Antiretroviral
In the era before development of potent cART regimens, OIs were the primary cause of death in HIVinfected children.1 Current ART regimens suppress viral replication, provide significant immune
1. What is Candida albicans?
... 7. Chronic Candida
Preventing chronic Candida
Candida is normally a yeast, and can be seen as vaginal thrush, discharge or whitish plaque on the tongue or
inside the mucous membranes in the mouth. You have to prevent at all cost - whatever it takes - that this yeast
stage of Candida transforms itse ...
Practicing Ophthalmologists Curriculum Retina/Vitreous
... umbrella organization of 24 medical specialty boards, Maintenance of Certification (MOC) is designed as
a series of requirements for practicing ophthalmologists to complete over a 10-year period. MOC is
currently open to all Board Certified ophthalmologists on a voluntary basis; time-limited certifi ...
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
... American Dermatological Association
American Medical Association
American Society of Clinical Pathologists
American Society for Dermatologic Surgery
American Society of Dermatology
American Society of Dermatopathology
California Society of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery
College of American Pat ...
2015 Faculty of Dentistry - University of Western Cape
... The Faculty of Dentistry is a world-class oral health centre committed to the promotion of oral health through
the excellence of its learning, service and research. A product of the transformation process in South Africa,
this Faculty is firmly rooted in the struggle for the social, political and ec ...
Urinary tract infection
... Describes the relationship between two variables whenever it can be established that
one causes the other. For example, there is a causal relationship between a treatment
and a disease if it can be shown that the treatment changes the course or outcome of
the disease. Usually randomised controlled t ...
Fulltext - Jultika
... To reduce the spread of infectious diseases at 20 day-care centres, risk factors for the occurrence
of salivary mutans streptococci were surveyed in 345 children before and after 8 months of
intervention, i.e. withdrawal of tooth brushing in 10 centres. Dental health habits were evaluated by
means o ...
Focal infection theory
In focal infection theory (FIT), a localized infection, typically obscure, disseminates microorganisms or their toxins elsewhere within the individual's own body and thereby injuries distant sites, where ensuing dysfunction yields clinical signs and symptoms and eventually disease, perhaps systemic and usually chronic, such as arthritis, atherosclerosis, cancer, or mental illness. (Distant injury is focal infection's key principle, whereas in ordinary infectious disease, the infection itself is systemic, as in measles, or the initially infected site is readily identified and invasion progresses contiguously, as in gangrene.) This ancient concept took modern form around 1900, and was widely accepted in Anglosphere medicine by the 1920s.In the theory, the focus of infection is often unrecognized, while secondary infections might occur at sites particularly susceptible to such microbial species or toxin. Several locations were commonly claimed as foci—appendix, urinary bladder, gall bladder, kidney, liver, prostate, and nasal sinus—but most commonly oral tissues. Not only chronically infected tonsils and dental decay, but also sites of dental restoration and root canal therapy were indicted as the foci. The putative oral sepsis was countered by tonsillectomies and tooth extractions, including of endodontically treated teeth and even of apparently healthy teeth, newly popular approaches—sometimes leaving individuals toothless—to treat or prevent diverse chronic diseases.Drawing severe criticism in the 1930s, focal infection theory, whose popularity zealously exceeded consensus evidence, was generally discarded in the 1940s amid overwhelming consensus of its general falsity, whereupon dental restorations and root canal therapy became again favored. Untreated endodontic disease retained recognition as fostering systemic disease, but only alternative medicine and later biological dentistry continued highlighting sites of dental treatment—root canal therapy, dental implant, and, as newly claimed, tooth extraction, too—as foci of infection promoting systemic diseases. The primary recognition of focal infection is endocarditis if oral bacteria enter blood and infect the heart, perhaps its valves.Entering the 21st century, scientific evidence supporting general relevance of focal infection theory remained slim, yet evolved understandings of disease mechanisms had established a third possible mechanism—altogether, metastasis of infection, metastatic toxic injury, and, as recently revealed, metastatic immunologic injury—that might occur simultaneously and even interact. Meanwhile, focal infection theory has gained renewed attention, as dental infections apparently are widespread and significant contributors to systemic diseases, although mainstream attention is on ordinary periodontal disease, not hypotheses of stealth infections via dental treatment. Despite some doubts renewed in the 1990s by critics of conventional dentistry, dentistry scholars maintain that endodontic therapy can be performed without creating focal infections.