... The neural basis of learning
• Experience and Learning result in a
direct event in the nervous system
• Every brain is wired differently
Visual Cortical Dynamics Charles Gilbert The Rockefeller University
... Vision is an active and dynamic process. The strategy our brain uses to
parse scenes and recognize objects depends on our previous experiences.
Our interpretation of visual scenes requires an interaction between
internal representations of object properties acquired through experience
and the immedi ...
... components of working memory and multitasking. All three
concepts together may give the best overall explanation.
This phenomenon is not widely studied yet. However very
recent research in doodlings effect on recall (Andrade, 2009)
has shed new if tangential light on the subject.
Andrade’s study sho ...
... All that is psychological is first physiologicalreductionist!
All behavior has a cause – deterministic!
Psychology should investigate the brain,
neurochemistry and genetics
The Promise and Peril of Tomorrow`s Neuroscience
... does little to increase understanding of what that essence of humanness is. Humanness in Rose’s view is something
that is learned rather than built into each person biologically. He distinguishes “mind” from “brain”, but he does not
specifically define what the mind is. On the other hand, the book g ...
Language & Brain Lecture 120110
... - Damage to specific regions often produces specific deficits
- e.g., In the 1800s, Broca observed that damage to the
left frontal lobe led to language deficits (aphasia)
- This is how it was first discovered that different parts
of the brain have different functions
But we can't get the full story ...
26-5 Devices for Studying the Brain
... Devices for Studying the Brain: Optogenetics is a technology used to understand the working principles of the brain. It involves
studying neurons by stimulating their constituent proteins with light. The neural cells aren’t damaged, as they can be when electrically
stimulated. Achieving simultaneous ...
Brain Connectivity Study Reveals Striking Differences Between Men
... In one of the largest studies looking at the “connectomes” of the sexes, Ragini Verma, PhD,
an associate professor in the department of Radiology at the Perelman School of Medicine at
the University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues found greater neural connectivity from front to
back and within one h ...
Quiz Chapter 3 Brain Neural Communication Dr Myer How do
... How do scientists learn about the inner workings of the human brain?
Who is Phinneas Gage? How is what happened to him significant for neuroscience?
You will need to know the structures and their functions of the brain as discussed in the video.
What study methods will you use to remember this ...
Synthesis Intro Workshop
... was measured by fMRI, the left hemisphere was activated
when the subject oriented visual attention to the target.
However, when the subject got distracted and had to
reorient himself to the target, brain activation was
lateralized to the right side of the brain. Areas of the brain
that have been ass ...
... motor cortex
and spinal cord; named for
a famous baseball player.
... A neuron functions by generating an electric charge
in the cell body that propagates down the axon. This
is called an action potential. When a neuron
generates an action potential, we say that that neuron
fires. Action potentials are always the same
Neurons communicate with each other via ...
Ch. 3 Discovering Psy Behaving Brain Video
... 1. In the beginning of the video, Philip Zimbardo compared our brain to a _____________.
2. The human brain houses approximately _____________ number of brain cells.
3. Neurons and glia are designed to do 3 things:
b. ___________________ ...
Multitasking and Knowledge Transfer in Evolutionary Computation
... In the field of computational intelligence, the sociologically inspired notion of “memes” has come to
be regarded as a unit of cultural information or nugget of knowledge that resides in the brain and is the
social analogue of the biological “gene”. From the perspective of scientific usage, it repre ...
PPT Guide Brain Development
... Brain growth and development
There is a fivefold increase in the number of dendrites in cortex from birth to age 2 years, as a result
approximately ___________________ new connections may be established per neuron.
This is called “___________________________”
These connections are necessary because ...
Project Description Student: Arvind Ravichandran Title: Examining
... capabilities of the Human brain. No project thus far has even been mildly
successful in this endeavor. However, in this project, I seek to instead
use artificial intelligence to study the human brain, rather than vice
versa. By studying current methods of Artificial Intelligence and
workings of the ...
Chapter 2 Summary
... Two other ways of assessing brain function are through studying people with brain
damage or well-known changes in function (e.g., the elderly)
... Impulses leaving a nerve cell travel along feelers called axons.
Involuntary responses are performed without our brain becoming involved.
Voluntary responses are performed when you want to do something (like throw a ball,
ride a bike.)
When you react to something without thinking, your action is cal ...
the ibm brain simulator project
... Reliability of the project
• IBM principal of investigation for synapse says
“it is a tool that can be use to better
understand how, cognition works”.
• Jim Olds a computer scientist says "this is a
great step forward for neuroscience”.
Human multitasking is the apparent performance by an individual of handling more than one task, or activity, at the same time. The term is derived from computer multitasking. An example of multitasking is taking phone calls while typing an email. Multitasking can result in time wasted due to human context switching and apparently causing more errors due to insufficient attention. However, studies have shown that some people can be trained to multitask where changes in brain activity have been measured as improving performance of multiple tasks (see below: The brain's role). Multitasking can also be assisted with coordination techniques, such as taking notes periodically, or logging current status during an interruption to help resume a prior task midway.