... plain soaps, as measured by log reduction starting with heavy initial inocula (overnight
culture and 109 colony forming units [cfu]/ml, respectively). In a study using artificial
contamination of fingertips with Escherichia coli, when hands were washed 30 sec with
1.5% or 2.0% triclosan soaps, reduc ...
Triclosan - Tufts University
... Gram-negative non-sporulating bacteria, some fungi (4), Plasmodium falciparum and Toxoplasma gondii
(5). It is bacteriostatic (it stops the growth of microorganisms) at low concentrations, but higher
concentrations are bactericidal (it kills microorganisms). The most sensitive organisms to triclosan ...
Chlorhexidine compounds in cosmetic products Risk assessment of
... made between these terms and the term "antimicrobial resistance" that is related to survival
after exposure to the antimicrobial agent. Intrinsic resistance mechanisms towards
chlorhexidine are particularly characteristic of Gram-negative bacteria, but also of bacterial
spores, mycobacteria, and, un ...
Manual for the Laboratory Identification
... Diseases (NCID), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta,
Georgia, USA, in cooperation with the United States Agency for International
Development (USAID), the World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva,
Switzerland and World Health Organization/African Regional Office
(WHO/AFRO), Har ...
Molecular ecology of microbial mats
... time point and at one position will therefore only provide
a ‘snapshot’ of the mat’s actual community composition
and function and cannot be reproduced and any extrapolation of such data can be questioned. Currently, the best
approach appears to be to collect several randomly chosen samples (the num ...
Cysteamine (Lynovex®), a novel mucoactive antimicrobial
... fibrosis therapy regimen . Control and at least a degree of resolution of the respiratory
infections and bacterial colonisation associated with cystic fibrosis is an essential component of
disease management. The altered physiology of the cystic fibrosis respiratory tract makes this
almost imposs ...
Scholars Research Library The antimicrobial effect of Ultra –Violet
... the growth of pathogens can be seen in several case studies. This inspiration led us to choose the UV and see their
degree of implication on our pathogenic microorganisms (of our micro- library). To materialize this, we propose
monitoring the effect of the time and distance of exposure factors on th ...
Effect of Plant-Derived Molecules on Acinetobacter baumannii
... compounds eliminated all viable biofilm-associated A. baumannii cells, reducing the biofilmassociated bacterial population by >7.0 log CFU/ml. Eugenol and CAR exerted a similar effect
at 37°C, while THY reduced the viable biofilm-associated bacterial population to 0.45 log
CFU/ml. On stainless steel ...
in vitro Mycoplasma origin
... Furthermore one hundred forty two field strains including 93 M. bovis, 5 M. synoviae,
21 M. gallisepticum, 13 M. bovirhinis, 8 M. crocodyli and 6 M. felis were tested using
the BrMIC+SFS with ACA method. Generally the mycoplasmas originating from
poultry were resistant to commonly used antimicrobial ...
Stenotrophomonas Antimicrobial therapy for maltophilia infections REVIEW
... which commonly fail to eradicate the biofilms and consequently, the infection . This highlights the need to remove these
prosthetic devices in order to eradicate the infection.
There are several uncertainties surrounding the in vitro
susceptibility testing of S. maltophilia, ...
1 TRANSFER OF MICROORGANISMS FROM FOMITES TO HANDS
... This dissertation has been submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for
an advanced degree at the University of Arizona and is deposited in the University
Library to be made available to borrowers under rules of the Library.
Brief quotations from this dissertation are allowable without s ...
OIE International Standards on Antimicrobial Resistance, 2003
... promoting communication between stakeholders from both human and animal
medical fields. This conference reviewed progress achieved since the first OIE
International Conference of March 1999, and in particular, focussed on understanding
the development of antimicrobial resistance in humans and animal ...
Manual of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing
... a major goal of this manual is to have laboratories from different hospitals, regions and nations follow exactly the same procedures and quality control practices.
In this way susceptibility patterns from throughout the Americas can be reliably
compared. With more reliable results on antimicrobial r ...
Aalborg Universitet Schlünssen, V.; Skov, R L
... livestock. It remains unclear whether carriage
of these livestock-associated strains is associated with disease. Here we examine whether S.
aureus nasal carriage is associated with symptoms of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI)
at the baseline visit of a cohort of industrial
hog operation (IHO) w ...
1. Surveillance and reporting of antimicrobial resistance and
... initiative and antimicrobial stewardship programs, and providing education for
However, the gap analysis also demonstrated a national surveillance system
to determine how many patients were infected with resistant bacteria, how
many died or had complications as a result of their infectio ...
A plAtform for Anti-biofilm AssAys
... SUKURA A., VUORELA P., SAVIJOKI K. Alpha- and β-casein components of host milk
induce biofilm formation in the mastitis bacterium Streptococcus uberis. Veterinary
Microbiology 149(3-4):381-9, 2011.
FALLARERO A., AINASOJA M., SANDBERG M., TEERI T.H., VUORELA P.M. GT1-7 cellbased cytoxicity screening ...
National surveillance and reporting of antimicrobial resistance and
... The Steering Group will provide governance and
leadership on antibiotic resistance and oversee the
development and implementation of a coherent
framework for current and future work related
to antimicrobial resistance.
In April 2012, the Australian Health Protection Principal
Committee, and subseque ...
investigation of exudative epidermitis and ear necrosis
... from affected pigs. The antimicrobial resistance pattern for isolates of Staphylococcus
hyicus and Staphylococcus aureus revealed that almost all isolates were resistant to
penicillin G and ampicillin. In addition, certain isolates of S. hyicus as well as S. aureus were
shown to possess the mecA gen ...
Bioleaching of chalcopyrite - eTheses Repository
... important role based on adsorption isotherm and scanning electron microscopy studies.
However, it is not only bacteria that play an important role in copper dissolution; also
the strength of sulphuric acid can influence copper solubility. For example, copper
dissolution can be achieved using a sulph ...
Antimicrobial copper-alloy touch surfaces
Antimicrobial copper-alloy touch surfaces can prevent frequently touched surfaces from serving as reservoirs for the spread of pathogenic microbes. This is especially true in healthcare facilities, where harmful viruses, bacteria, and fungi colonize and persist on doorknobs, push plates, railings, tray tables, tap (faucet) handles, IV poles, HVAC systems, and other equipment. These microbes can often survive on surfaces for surprisingly long periods of time (sometimes more than 30 days).The surfaces of copper and its alloys, such as brass and bronze, are antimicrobial. They have an inherent ability to kill a wide range of harmful microbes relatively rapidly – often within two hours or less – and with a high degree of efficiency. These antimicrobial properties have been demonstrated by an extensive body of research. The research also suggests that if touch surfaces are made with copper alloys, the reduced transmission of disease-causing organisms can reduce patient infections in hospital intensive care units (ICU) by as much as 58%.