Marshmallow Test: Executive Functioning in Children and Teens
... behavior. These operations are all mediated by
the frontal lobe.
• Sustained Attention is a core or foundational skill
that is important to several domains of EF.
Sustained Attention refers to the ability to direct
and maintain a focused attention on a specific
Section 3: Dissociative Disorders
... Trouble focusing on task at hand
May be easily distracted
Causes problems at school (learning and
• Most common reason kids are referred to
mental health professional
Schizophrenia as a model of disturbances in Non
... fire both while the subject observes the goal-directed actions performed by others and while
he himself performs similar actions. This system has raised the prospects of a "motor theory of
social cognition" whose goal is to understand other’s actions and intentions directly often
provided by its ges ...
Chapter 1 - Illinois State University Websites
... Basal ganglia-thalamocortical motor circuits through the putamen play a
key role in stuttering.
– Stuttering due to impaired ability of the basal ganglia to produce timing cues
for the initiation of the next motor segment in speech.
– Dysfunction due to abnormalities in the dopamine error-detection ...
Attention Deficit - Lindsey Pospisil
... – the frontal lobe plays a role in one’s personality
– Main functions include planning, concentrating,
– The frontal lobe integrates messages it receives from
the temporal and parietal areas
... At an abstract level of processing,
least tied to routine behaviour, are
flexible representations of goals
and intentions. Such ‘higher-level’
representations are often contrasted
with ‘lower-level’ cognitive processes
involved in analysing specific
perceptual inputs (such as visual
processing of st ...
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
... Evidence of current impairment. An assessment of the
individual's presenting attentional symptoms and evidence of
current impulsive/hyperactive or inattentive behaviors that
significantly impair functioning in two or more settings must be
provided. In an academic setting, functional impairment is mo ...
Biographies2008 - Coalition of Care and Support Providers in
... services and can contribute effectively to a range of advisory
groups and committees on issues which affect this group,
particularly with regard to drug & alcohol issues. She is also
qualified and experienced in human resource management
and during her time with ADSW developed a framework for
... Reactive astrocytes and activated microglia are tightly associated with amyloid-β plaques in
Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Both cell types are likely to be involved in an inflammatory
response that coincides with increased AD severity. The role of these activated glial cells is a
topic of great scientif ...
powerpoint presentation for teaching
... • Vitamins and minerals necessary for enzyme
function in neurotransmitter metabolism
• ADHD may be associated with related metabolic
• Modest to negligible effects in trials with
Fe, Mg, Zn
• Better evidence for broad spectrum vitaminmineral treatment in ADHD
• No clear data for specifi ...
ADHD/AD - Lisgar Collegiate Institute
... Six or more of the following symptoms of inattention have persisted for at least 6 months
to a degree that’s maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level
Brain Imaging in Adult Attention
... processing in ADHD are executive dysfunctions (motor execution, inhibitory control, working memory),
as well as deficient attention processing. In adulthood, imaging studies have revealed disturbances
in the prefrontal cortex, and anterior cingulated cortex (dACC) which are involved in the
Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Click to download)
... Additional DSM Criteria
• Some symptoms present before age 7
• Impairment from symptoms must be present in at least two types of settings
• Clinically significant impairment in school, social or occupational functioning
1 - dgist.ac.kr
... Room 103, Building 1, DGIST
Noonan syndrome (NS) is a common genetic disorder with an incidence of 1 in
~2,500. One third of NS patients show cognitive deficits, including learning
disabilities and mental retardation. Mutations in the PTPN11 gene, which encodes the
non-receptor protein tyrosine phos ...
Disorders of Childhood
... externalizing behavior (i.e., “acting out”;
socially disruptive behavior that is
inappropriate given the age of the child
and/or setting of the behavior)
• Behavior is typically distressing and/or
annoying to those in child’s social
• Examples: ADHD, ODD, Conduct Disorder
Conversion Disorder in Young People
... Psychological factors are judged, in the clinician's belief, to be associated
with the symptom or deficit because conflicts or other stressors precede the
initiation or exacerbation of the symptom or deficit. A diagnosis where the
stressor precedes the onset of symptoms by up to 15 years is not unus ...
... ADHD is treatable with Ritalin and Adderall, stimulants that
(counter-intuitively) calm hyperactivity and increase focus.
(Barbaresi et al., 2007)
Behavioural therapies such as shaping can help the distress
Module 36 Chapter 110 Essentials of Understanding
... Antisocial (Sociopath) – lacks feelings of guilt or
remorse (make a good con artists)
Borderline – Difficulty developing sense of self –
Overly dependent on others
Narcissistic – Exaggerated sense of self-importance
– lacks empathy for others
Functional Framework for Cognition
... Working memory is a foundation of learning and
Immediate memory seems to depend on medial
temporal lobe including two hippocampi.
Damage to this regions impairs formulation of
long term memories.
The rear half of cortex is involved in sensory
processing and in sensory-perceptual m ...
... Examples include poisoning, serious head injury, excessive exposure to xrays, and excessive use of certain chemicals, minerals, and/or drugs (e.g.,
Certain infections, such as meningitis and encephalitis, can lead to IDD if
they are not diagnosed and treated in time.
... functions are widely
distributed throughout the
brain by means of long
Posterior half of cortex involves
perceptual regions, while
executive and motor memory,
such as plans for future actions,
engage frontal regions.
Hippocampus is involved episodic
memory, while subcortical bas ...
In psychology and neuroscience, executive dysfunction, or executive function deficit is a disruption to the efficacy of the executive functions, which is a group of cognitive processes that regulate, control, and manage other cognitive processes. Executive dysfunction can refer to both neurocognitive deficits and behavioural symptoms. It is implicated in numerous psychopathologies and mental disorders, as well as short-term and long-term changes in non-clinical executive control.Executive dysfunction is not the same as dysexecutive syndrome, a term coined by Alan Baddeley to describe a common pattern of dysfunction in executive functions, such as deficiencies in planning, abstract thinking, flexibility and behavioural control. This group of symptoms, usually resulting from brain damage, tend to occur together. However, the existence of dysexecutive syndrome is controversial.