Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder controversies
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) controversies include concerns about its existence as a disorder, its causes, the methods by which ADHD is diagnosed and treated including the use of stimulant medications in children, possible overdiagnosis, misdiagnosis as ADHD leading to undertreatment of the real underlying disease, alleged hegemonic practices of the American Psychiatric Association and negative stereotypes of children diagnosed with ADHD. These controversies have surrounded the subject since at least the 1970s.The best course of ADHD management is major topic of debate. Stimulants are the most commonly prescribed medication for ADHD in the United States. The National Institute of Mental Health maintains that stimulants are considered safe when used under medical supervision, but there are concerns regarding the higher rates of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, as well as increased severity of these disorders in individuals with a history of stimulant use for ADHD in childhood.