Maurice Merleau-Ponty`s Criticism on Bergson`s Theory of
... here, exactly, that Deleuze situates the core difference between Bergson’s antidualism and phenomenology’s. Bergson holds that movement has nothing to
do with a thing’s transition from one position in space to another; such a view,
he argues, denies movement any creative character. After all, accord ...
penultimate draft - U
... quantifier. As Zoltán Szabó puts it:
The standard view nowadays is that we can adequately capture the
meaning of sentences like ‘There are Fs’, ‘Some things are Fs’, or ‘Fs
exist’ through existential quantification. As a result, not much credence is given to the idea that we must distinguish between ...
George Herbert Mead Final
... Mead was greatly stimulated by the extent to which relativity theory recognises that time cannot be
treated as distinct from actors, or agents, and their separate situations. Thus he came to understand
that “any scientific statement about the world of moving bodies also had to take into consideratio ...
Evaluating From a Point of View
... from the point of view of one whose crops will fail without rain, and the producer is assessing
things from the point of view of one who needs to complete a movie with outdoor sequences
filmed in sunny weather. Each is being rational from within his own point of view, and so long
as neither man step ...
Introspecting in the Twentieth Century
... of investigation and as a psychological and epistemic capacity itself. Over the course of the
century, these theoretical interests did not always connect well, although they have
intersected and influenced each other at different points. But there is no helpful sense in
which one might talk of ‘the ...
Present, Past, and Future
... finitude – an unsettling fact that is presaged by the ephemerality of our every
gesture, our every encounter, and our every occasion.
For Mead (1932: 28), then, ‘[d]urations are a continual sliding of presents
into each other.’ He later elaborates on this statement in his analysis of the way
one ‘he ...
EINSTEIN: PHILOSOPHICAL IDEAS
... been quite content to let philosophers decide the terms and rules of philosophical discussion, and how the important
questions should be framed. Accordingly, Einstein has often been accused by professional philosophers of being a kind
of philosophical dilettante, sometimes doing little more than che ...
On the Logic of the Ontological Argument
... eliminable in terms of, any other formulas.
In what follows, we use ‘τ ’ to range over all terms: constants, variables,
and descriptions. We use ‘ϕτx ’ to designate the result of substituting term
τ for each free occurrence of the variable x in formula ϕ.
The models of this simple language are stand ...
reply to JJ Valberg - Keele Research Repository
... integral to, and reconciled within, our final account. For although Valberg grants the
legitimacy of the phenomenal conception, it has no real place in his account. It serves
primarily to provide his diagnosis of where others go wrong, and within his own account, it
strikes me as merely an awkwardne ...
Our Concept of Time
... concepts, such as persistence and causation; the metaphysics of these latter notions – for some –
is thought to bear on the debate over temporal reality. Most importantly, with an analysis of the
folk concept of time in hand we can go some way toward determining what the world must be like
in order ...
Determinism - The Information Philosopher
... The “problem of determinism” looms large in philosophy, where
it appears as the powerful alternative to libertarian freedom in the
“problem of free will.”1
SOME MAIN PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY
... some of them. There was a time when there were not
nearly so many men upon the earth as there are now and when those
who were upon it did not know how many there were. They believed
only in the existence of a comparatively small number of human
bodies beside their own of a comparatively small number ...
The Relevance of Kant's Objection to Anselm's Ontological Argument
... well – the object simply fails to exist there. So the object would have no greatness
there either. Then (2) could be true without it being possible that an object has
some properties (such as omniscience and omnipotence) while lacking existence.
I want instead to focus on (1), the assumption that Go ...
Specious Present - Philsci
... microscope, we could discriminate indefinitely smaller units of time.
The fourth and final theme is closely connected to each of the previous three.
Those pre‐James authors who most clearly espouse something akin to the specious
present doctrine do so as a consequence of endorsing a particular i ...
The Environment and Its Ontological Status
... balanced with another important and natural intuition: the need to conceive
of truth as potentially revisable (the view known as ‘fallibilism’). 1 As finite
beings, we cannot exclude the possibility that an assertion or a belief, even
if justified now, could turn out to be false at some point in the ...
The Objectivity of the Past
... III. Davidson’s Deflationary Externalism
At first blush, the likelihood of finding a more substantive notion of representation in
Davidson’s work does not appear promising. Davidson seems, at times, to have taken
a rather dim view of the prospect of a representational relation between language, on
Why Hume and Kant were mistaken in rejecting natural theology
... and only to persons (i.e. any rational beings, including for example Martians). This problem
is – how general are the ideas which we can form from our experience of the world? The
other problem is: in what ways is it permissible to combine ideas so as to form other ideas?
Can we combine the idea of ...
... direct ‘contact’ with it, so to speak: the relation between the perceiver and perceived is a part of them
both and they are thus parts of one another in some sense (it is an ‘active’ relation, in our above
terminology). Such perception does not mean that one thing simply causes another thing, the p ...
Existence is a real
... 'President Obama exists' and 'Elephants (as opposed to dinosaurs) exist'.1
Miller was aware that most philosophers in the Western tradition going back to
Greek philosophy have denied that existence is a real property; the only period in which
that view was widely held was the high middle ages. (The ...
Christian Thomas KOHL
... reality. This view has been continually brought into doubt by the modern physical sciences;
however, these doubts have not led to a new and complementary concept of reality but to a
calamitous separation between philosophy and the modern physical sciences. It has served
only to sharpen that dualism ...
Realism, Antirealism and Naturalism AND Evolution
... Realism in modern philosophy is a doctrine according to
which ordinary objects perceived by senses, such as
tables and chairs, have an existence independent of their
It is contrary to the idealism of philosophers such as
George Berkeley or Immanuel Kant.
In its extreme form, also ca ...
as pdf - Free Buddhist Audio
... independent existence. He does not refute the empirical existence of things. This is what
he is explaining when he states: “MMK 15.10 'It exists' implies grasping after eternity. 'It
does not exist' implies the philosophy of annihilation. Therefore, a discerning person
should not decide on either ex ...
... Direct Visual Acquaintance with Possible Objects
There is something subjectively common between a veridical experience (e.g. seeing a red tomato that is front of your
eyes) and a matching non-veridical experience (e.g. hallucinating, dreaming of, visually imagining a red tomato.)
Disjunctivist direc ...
THE PRESOCRATIC PHILOSOPHERS AND SOCRATES
... wanted to add items to the common sense worldview, while others wanted to
subtract them, and still others wanted to change it completely. By examining
even the little of what we know about the Presocratic philosophers we will be in a
better position to understand how it was that Socrates rebelled ag ...
Eternalism (philosophy of time)
Eternalism is a philosophical approach to the ontological nature of time, which takes the view that all points in time are equally ""real"", as opposed to the presentist idea that only the present is real and the growing block universe theory of time in which the past and present are real while the future is not. Modern advocates often take inspiration from the way time is modeled as a dimension in the theory of relativity, giving time a similar ontology to that of space (although the basic idea dates back at least to McTaggart's B-Theory of time, first published in The Unreality of Time in 1908, only three years after the first paper on relativity). This would mean that time is just another dimension, that future events are ""already there"", and that there is no objective flow of time. It is sometimes referred to as the ""block time"" or ""block universe"" theory due to its description of space-time as an unchanging four-dimensional ""block"", as opposed to the view of the world as a three-dimensional space modulated by the passage of time.