Critical Approaches to Fieldwork : Contemporary and
... and the intellectual elite, which more or less reproduces the same division
between the person who collected the material and the museum or individual who commissioned the expedition. In Britain, much of the ﬁeldwork
in the latter part of the nineteenth century was conducted on prehistoric
burial mo ...
1 CULTURAL EVOLUTION TRUE AND FALSE
... and diminish its impact, if not turn it down, it seems to me that the need for ‘organizational
enforcement’ of spontaneously generated institutions or systems of rules (e.g. markets) is clearly put
forth in Hayek, but indeed has never been systematically investigated by him. It is true that later i ...
From Financialisation to Systems of Provision, Working
... Sporadic previous forays apart,3 over its relatively short life, the notion of “financialisation”
has experienced a meteoric rise, accelerating in prominence in the wake of the global
crisis. In this respect, it has shared some of the common features of other “buzzwords”
that have been deployed acro ...
Neglected Affinities: Max Weber and Georg Simmel
... Contraryto the prevailingtendency,severalrecentstudies(without
elaborating)do identifysome correspondencebetweenWeber'sand
Simmel'sperspectives.Levinel6notes that Simmelprovidedinsights
into the constructionof ideal types, the use of verstehen
characterof rationalizationthat wereeventuallyto ...
Historicism Versus Falibilism Alfredo Marcos | fyl.uva.es
... that the historicist, contrary to the rest of humans beings, has been able to avoid his
social and historical constraints while doing theory. The supposed uniqueness of
historicism, obviously, lasts only for a few minutes. But, if historicism is not an
exceptional doctrine, why should you trust it m ...
Scandinavian Cooperative Advantage: The Theory and Practice of
... shareholders (also referred to as stockholders). For example,
Beauchamp et al. (2009), in their widely used textbook,
Ethical Theory and Business, include a section on ‘‘Stockholder Management versus Stakeholder Management’’ that
sets up its discussion on company purpose by contrasting
texts from Fr ...
Journal of Classical Sociology
... out for researching the dynamics of culture, including culture’s relative autonomy from social systems, the primacy of meanings, and their emergence
through interactions. However, such expectations are faced with disappointment
as the propagators of this new cultural sociology do not reach further ...
Money, Reality, and Value: Non-Commodity Money in Marxian
... I could have linked these ideas together. There is no chance I would have received
so much support in exploring them. This applies to everything in this dissertation,
but particularly so with my emphasis on Marxian theory. On numerous occasions I
wanted to take a detour around the problems I saw in ...
Adam Smith`s Political Philosophy: The invisible hand
... in most discussions of the notion of spontaneous order, the aim is to concentrate on what they have to say about the political theory of spontaneous
orders. That is, we will consider the market, often taken to be the paradigmatic example of a spontaneous order, as one social phenomenon among
A First Look at Communication Theory
... Supplementary bibliography has been provided under the heading “Further
Resources.” These references are meant to augment, rather than to supplant, those already
Political economy in anthropology
Political Economy in anthropology is the application of the theories and methods of Historical Materialism to the traditional concerns of anthropology, including, but not limited to, non-capitalist societies. Political Economy introduced questions of history and colonialism to ahistorical anthropological theories of social structure and culture. Most anthropologists moved away from modes of production analysis typical of structural Marxism, and focused instead on the complex historical relations of class, culture and hegemony in regions undergoing complex colonial and capitalist transitions in the emerging world system.Political Economy was introduced in American anthropology primarily through the support of Julian Steward, a student of Kroeber. Steward’s research interests centered on “subsistence” — the dynamic interaction of man, environment, technology, social structure, and the organization of work. This emphasis on subsistence and production - as opposed to exchange - is what distinguishes the Political Economy approach. Steward's most theoretically productive years were from 1946-1953, while teaching at Columbia University. At this time, Columbia saw an influx of World War II veterans who were attending school thanks to the GI Bill. Steward quickly developed a coterie of students who would go on to develop Political Economy as a distinct approach in anthropology, including Sidney Mintz, Eric Wolf, Eleanor Leacock, Roy Rappaport, Stanley Diamond, Robert Manners, Morton Fried, Robert F. Murphy, and influenced other scholars such as Elman Service, Marvin Harris and June Nash. Many of these students participated in the Puerto Rico Project, a large-scale group research study that focused on modernization in Puerto Rico.Three main areas of interest rapidly developed. The first of these areas was concerned with the ""pre-capitalist"" societies that were subject to evolutionary ""tribal"" stereotypes. Sahlins' work on hunter-gatherers as the ""original affluent society"" did much to dissipate that image. The second area was concerned with the vast majority of the world's population at the time, the peasantry, many of whom were involved in complex revolutionary wars such as in Vietnam. The third area was on colonialism, imperialism, and the creation of the capitalist world-system.More recently, these political economists have more directly addressed issues of industrial (and post-industrial) capitalism around the world.