Catholic Apostolic Church
During the 1840s, a movement to restore ancient Christianity in Britain and the West used the name ""Catholic Apostolic Church (Catholicate of the West)"". For this use, see Ancient British Church, British Orthodox Church, Celtic Orthodox Church, and ecumenical apostolic succession. The Catholic Apostolic Church was a religious movement which originated in England around 1831 and later spread to Germany and the United States. While often referred to as Irvingism, it was neither actually founded nor anticipated by Edward Irving. The Catholic Apostolic Church was organised in 1835 under the lead of apostles. The last apostle died in 1901 after which the membership gradually declined. Within the movement itself, the name Catholic Apostolic Church referred to the entire community of Christians who follow the Nicene Creed. Those outside the movement, however, used the name to refer to the results of the ecumenical prayer movement in the early 19th century, accompanied by what were regarded by the said movement as outpourings of spiritual gifts in Great Britain (and elsewhere, though swiftly repressed by the local church authorities in other countries).