Ch. 1 Sec. 2 notes File - Oakland Schools Moodle
... Herbert Spencer
Society is like a body--parts working together to promote well being and survival
Social darwinism: natural social selection would ensure survival of fittest in society
Sociology Lecture Notes -- 1-2
... Bourgeoisie naturally exploits workers; workers will rise up and overthrow Bourgeoisie
Society will eventually move to being classless (communism)
Planned revolution could speed up change (ex: Russian Revolution)
Sociology Practice Test Questions #1
... B. Sociobiology
C. Ethology D. Sociology
2. Which of the following sociologists developed the idea of positivism and was the
first to distinguish between social statics and social dynamics?
A. Emile Durkheim
B. Auguste Comte
C. Jane Addams
D. W.E.B. DuBois
3. Which of the following terms can BEST be ...
structual functionalism - BCI
... • Examined social behaviour as a single
• Said that all social phenomena can be
explained through their function in society,
in other words, individuals are defined by
the specific purpose that they serve
• Argued that if something exists in many
societies, it must be necessary.
• People act ...
... Structural Functionalism views society as a machine
that can only function properly if all of its various parts
are in good working order. The parts are people, groups,
and institutions within society.
If any of the parts are not working properly, then the
entire machine will eventually break down ...
Sociology Mid -Term Exam
... 30. A typically nonprofit organization which is formed to pursue some common interest is a
History of Soc - Beavercreek City Schools
... thoughts and feelings as well; what meanings
people attach to their actions
• Concept of the ‘Ideal Type’: using many
different examples to come up with a
general set of characteristics to
describe/show an element
THE HISTORY OF SOCIOLOGY Who Am I Quick Quiz Answer Key 1
... I promoted the concept of the power elite a group if of powerful
executives , military commanders, government officials who make all the important decisions
in American society .
6. Herbert Spencer I was the sole survivor of nine children
7. Karl Marx
I was angered by the brutal treatment of workers ...
Explaining Social Change
... ideational culture (belief/truth in religion) and
sensate culture (belief/truth in science).
▪ The balance is known as idealistic culture.
An Introduction to Sociology
... behaviour shared by members of a particular group or society.
Sociologists are interested in a range of issues that impact society
such as: social class, gender roles, crime, deviance, prejudice,
Sociology is a young science. Its origins date back to the early
... In the most controversial form of this perspective,
functionalists argue that all parts of society – even those
that does not seem to serve a constructive purpose, such as
poverty, crime, illegal immigration, and drug addiction
contribute in some way to the larger system’s overall
Sociology-Then and Now
... science of society, which would both
explain the past development of mankind
and predict its future course.
The society of man, Comte taught, must be
studied in the same scientific manner as
the world of nature. It is subject to basic
laws just as is the rest of the cosmos, even
though it presents ...
Key Terms Sociology - the systematic study of human society and
... Sociology - the systematic study of human society and behavior; identified as a
science discipline by the U.S. National Science Foundation
Industrial Revolution - a period ranging from 1760 to 1840 when agricultural
societies shifted to industrial ones; this transition affected every aspect of life
Ch - HCC Learning Web
... Question ideas and actions usually taken for granted
“things are not what they seem”
social reality has many layers of meaning
Chapter 1 Notes
... Industrial Revolution
Felt people could discover these through the
Sociology Chapter 1 Section 1
... 2. ____________________ is the science that studies human society and social
3. A social ______________________________ is an observable fact or event.
4. The ability to see the connection between the larger world and our personal lives
is what C. Wright Mills termed the sociological _____ ...
GROUPS AND ORGANIZATIONS
... • Groups are essence of life in society.
• They stand between the individual and the
• Society is the largest and most complex
group that sociologists study.
Key figures in Sociology
... • Believed Sociology should concern itself
with two basic problems: Order and
Order- What forces bring order to a Society
Change- What forces bring change?
Durkheim`s Methodology and Theory
... “Impersonal collective character" does not produce a behavior; it is itself produced by a behavior of
multiple innovations, derivations, strivings that are followed by more. There is nothing more in the
accumulation of traits than there is in the multiplicity of individual components.
Lesson 2 Grammar Practice Sequence of Tenses
... in European society itself. The increasing importance of science is but one
dimension of the modernization of Europe. Social change, of course, is continuous
but European societies experienced particularly rapid transformations during the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In the midst of intense ...
Lesson 4 Grammar Practice All ActiveTenses
... to the study of society and to the practical task of social reform. In his own
lifetime, scientific thinking was becoming more sophisticated and influential than
ever before, increasing human knowledge about the physical world. Why not,
Comte reasoned, apply the same scientific methods to understand ...
The Sociological Perspective
... interpersonal, historical, cultural,
organizational, and global environments they
inhabit. To understand either individuals or
society, we must understand both.”
-- C. W. Mills, 1959
CONFLICT THEORY BUZZLE
... Man's struggle for power is eternal. Be it family or work place, play group or politics,
man wants to achieve the higher and authoritative position. It starts from personal level
to national level. There are various groups and communities of people in society
belonging to different classes, religion ...
Social development theory
Social Development theory attempts to explain qualitative changes in the structure and framework of society, that help the society to better realize its aims and objectives. Development can be defined in a manner applicable to all societies at all historical periods as an upward ascending movement featuring greater levels of energy, efficiency, quality, productivity, complexity, comprehension, creativity, mastery, enjoyment and accomplishment. Development is a process of social change, not merely a set of policies and programs instituted for some specific results. During the last five centuries this process has picked up in speed and intensity, and during the last five decades has witnessed a marked surge in acceleration.The basic mechanism driving social change is increasing awareness leading to better organization. When society senses new and better opportunities for progress it develops new forms of organization to exploit these new openings successfully. The new forms of organization are better able to harness the available social energies and skills and resources to use the opportunities to get the intended results.Development is governed by many factors that influence the results of developmental efforts. There must be a motive that drives the social change and essential preconditions for that change to occur. The motive must be powerful enough to overcome obstructions that impede that change from occurring. Development also requires resources such as capital, technology, and supporting infrastructure.Development is the result of society's capacity to organize resources to meet challenges and opportunities. Society passes through well-defined stages in the course of its development. They are nomadic hunting and gathering, rural agrarian, urban, commercial, industrial, and post-industrial societies. Pioneers introduce new ideas, practices, and habits that conservative elements initially resist. At a later stage, innovations are accepted, imitated, organized, and used by other members of the community. Organizational improvements introduced to support the innovations can take place simultaneously at four different levels—physical, social, mental, and psychological. Moreover four different types of resources are involved in promoting development. Of these four, physical resources are most visible, but least capable of expansion. Productivity of resources increases enormously as the quality of organization and level of knowledge inputs rise.Development pace and scope varies according to the stage society is in. The three main stages are physical, vital (vital refers to the dynamic and nervous social energies of humanity that propel individuals to accomplish), and mental.