The Irish Abortion Cases: European Limits to National Sovereignty
... 60 EEC Treaty) also apply to medical services and thus to lawfully provided
abortion. According to the principles developed in the ECJ's case-law, this
implies that Irish women have a right under Community law to go to Great
Britain and receive the service as they desire.11 In turn, the right to rec ...
Abortion in Canada
Abortion in Canada is not limited by criminal law but by the Canada Health Act. While some non-legal obstacles exist, Canada is one of only a few nations with no legal restrictions on abortion. Regulations and accessibility vary between provinces.Early in Canadian history, all abortions were illegal. The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69 introduced by Pierre Trudeau's Liberal government legalized abortion as long as a committee of doctors signed off that it was necessary for the physical or mental well-being of the mother. In 1988, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in R. v. Morgentaler that the existing laws were unconstitutional and struck down the 1969 law. The then governing Progressive Conservatives attempted, but failed, to pass a new abortion law, and since then Canada has had no criminal laws governing the subject, and abortion is a decision made by a woman with her doctor. Without legal delays, most abortions are done at a very early stage..In 2005, 97,254 abortions were reported in Canada; it is estimated that this number ""represents approximately 90% of all abortions performed in Canada involving Canadian residents"". This number has been decreasing since at least 1998.