Malaysian general election, 2013
Malaysia held general elections on 5 May 2013 following the dissolution of the Parliament announced on 3 April 2013. Both the House of Representatives and 12 out of 13 state legislative assemblies (with the exception of Sarawak) were renewed.The federal ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, dominated by the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) party, of prime minister Najib Razak is the leader of, formed the federal government with 60% of parliamentary seats even though it won a mere 47.38% of the popular vote while the Pakatan Rakyat (PR) coalition led by Anwar Ibrahim formed the bulk of the opposition in Parliament after winning 50.87% of the popular vote. The election was Barisan Nasional's worst ever showing, outmatching even the 1969 election which triggered the May 13 riots. Despite winning the popular vote and making gains in the number of parliamentary seats, the Pakatan Rakyat coalition failed to win a majority of seats to form the federal government. For state legislative assemblies elections, Barisan Nasional won 9 out of 12 states, including Kedah and Perak which were won by Pakatan Rakyat in the last elections.