Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support
CORDS (Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support) was a pacification program of the governments of South Vietnam and the United States during the Vietnam War. The program was created on 9 May 1967 and included military and civilian components of both governments. The objective of CORDS was to gain support for the government of South Vietnam from its rural population which was largely under the influence or controlled by the insurgent communist forces of the Viet Cong and the People's Army of Vietnam (North Vietnamese Army). Unlike earlier pacification programs in Vietnam, CORDS is seen by many authorities as a ""successful integration of civilian and military efforts"" to combat the insurgency. By 1970, 93 percent of the rural population of South Vietnam was believed by the United States to be living in ""relatively secure"" villages, CORDS had been extended to all 44 provinces of South Vietnam, and the communist insurgency was much reduced. Critics, however, have described the pacification programs and CORDS in terms such as ""the illusion of progress"" CORDS was, in the estimation of its first leader, Robert W. Komer, ""too little, too late.""With the withdrawal of U.S. military forces and many civilian personnel, CORDS was abolished in February 1973. CORD's temporary successes were eroded in the 1970s as the war became primarily a struggle between the conventional military forces of South and North Vietnam rather than an insurgency. North Vietnam prevailed in 1975.