... During both time periods (Salem and McCarthyism), the enemy did
exist and people used fear to reach their own goals and fulfill hidden
Judith Miller (born January 2, 1948) is an American journalist and writer. She is formerly of The New York Times Washington bureau, where she became embroiled in controversy after her coverage of Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) program both before and after the 2003 invasion was discovered to have been based on faulty information, particularly those stories that were based on sourcing from the now-disgraced Ahmed Chalabi. The New York Times later determined that a number of stories she had written for the paper were inaccurate. According to commentator Ken Silverstein, Miller's Iraq reporting ""effectively ended her career as a respectable journalist."" Miller acknowledged in The Wall Street Journal on April 4, 2015 that some of her Times coverage was inaccurate, although she had relied on sources she had used numerous times in the past, including those who supplied information for her reporting that had previously won a Pulitzer Prize. She further stated that policymakers and intelligence analysts had relied on the same source as hers, and that at the time there was broad consensus that Iraq had stockpiles of WMD.Miller was later involved in the Plame Affair, in which the status of Valerie Plame as a member of the Central Intelligence Agency became widely known. When asked to name her sources, Miller invoked reporter's privilege and refused to reveal her sources in the CIA leak and spent 85 days in jail protecting her source, Scooter Libby. Miller later was forced to resign from her job at the New York Times in November 2005. Later, she was a contributor to the Fox News Channel and a fellow at the conservative Manhattan Institute. She is currently a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. On December 29, 2010, numerous media outlets reported that she had signed on as a contributing writer to the conservative magazine Newsmax.