2014–15 Hong Kong electoral reform
The Hong Kong electoral reform was a proposed reform for the 2017 Hong Kong Chief Executive election and 2016 Legislative Council election.According to the decision made by the National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) of the People's Republic of China in 2007, the 2017 Chief Executive election may be implemented by universal suffrage. The issues on how to achieve universal suffrage in 2017 Chief Executive election became the focal point of the public debates. Most of the major political factions have been campaigning for their ideas on the universal suffrage, including the Occupy Central with Love and Peace, a advocacy group for occupation movement to pressure the Beijing government to implement full universal suffrage initiated by the pan-democracy camp, as well as the Alliance for Peace and Democracy, an anti-occupy central alliance formed by the pro-Beijing camp.After the first consultation period lasted from December 2013 to May 2014. A consultation report was submitted to the National People's Congress in July 2014. On 31 August 2014, the NPCSC decided that a 1200-member Nominating Committee based on the present Election Committee should elect two or three candidates before presenting them for a territory-wide ballot by ordinary voters. It also decided that the 2016 legislative election would remain unchanged from the 2010 reform.On 18 June 2015, the Legislative Council rejected the unmodified electoral reform proposal with 8 votes in favour, 28 against, and 33 absent.