Victim Assistance Units
... digitally file judicial actions to the Federal Special Courts through the Program of
Social Inclusion of the Federal Government, co-ordinated by the Ministry of
Communications, which uses tools of information technology to promote digital
inclusion in all the Brazilian states (the Electronic Governm ...
... legislated reforms would hamper criminal investigations. Parliament also
repealed provisions in the 1998 Criminal Code that would have allowed
citizens under investigation access to the courts prior to trial. Procuracy
reform was stalled. Human Rights Watch released a highly critical report in
Mexico - PARDS
... investigating disappearances and human rights abuses during the "Dirty
War" of the 1960s and 1970s requested arrest warrants against Miguel Nazar
Haro and Luis de la Barreda Moreno, former directors of the Federal
Security Directorate (DFS) during the 1970s, and Carlos Solana, former
head of the Jud ...
Human rights in Mauritania
Human Rights in Mauritania is generally seen as poor according to international observers, including Freedom House, the United States Department of State, and Amnesty International.With a July 2012 estimated population of 3.4 million, Mauritania is a highly centralized Islamic republic with no legal provisions for freedom of religion.Coming from French colonial rule, Mauritania was ethnically divided between Arabic speaking Berber tribal confederations of the north and sedentary black populations of the south, many of whom were traditionally bonded communities or enslaved individuals. The Mauritanian government has a history of discriminating against these Toucouleurs and Soninke people within its borders. One such example occurred in 1987, when the government imprisoned southerners and threw others out of the army, resulting in the Mauritania–Senegal Border War.Amnesty International has accused the Mauritania legal system of functioning with a complete disregard of legal procedure, fair trial, or humane imprisonment. Amnesty International also has accused the Mauritanian government of an institutionalized and continuous use of torture for decades.According to the constitution of Mauritania, international law prevails over domestic Mauritanian law as soon as the international law is published in the Official Gazette.