... INTERACTIONISM HAS PROBLEMS
MANY PHILOSOPHERS HAVE HAD DIFFICULTY
SEEING HOW IT IS POSSIBLE FOR A NONPHYSICAL THING TO CAUSALLY INTERACT
WITH A PHYSICAL THING (HOW CAN I, IF I AM
A NON-PHYSICAL THING, CAUSE PHYSICAL
CHANGES IN MY BODY?)
Chapter 8 - Barbara Gail Montero
... philosopher Bertrand Russell put it like this, “matter has become as ghostly as anything in a
spiritualist’s séance” 1927 (p. 104). Russell’s point: if matter is as ghostly as mind, there is no
pressing problem as to how mind could be material.
Philosophers of mind, who claim that t ...
Varieties of Supervenience
... To suggest such a model, I take inspiration here from the Buddhist notion of
Swasamvedana or autoreflexive awareness (as laid out in Matilal, 1986), the notion of
awareness events that are self-aware5. According to the model laid out by Matilal, an
awareness event is like a lamp/light-bulb, it has t ...
The Zombie Argument - Utrecht University Repository
... way that non-physical properties play any role in the explanation of physical effects. So far, all the
evidence suggests that the whole physical world is closed under causation.5 However, I will not discuss
the causal closure of the physical any further in this thesis, but take it as an important th ...
In philosophy, physicalism is the ontological thesis that ""everything is physical"", that there is ""nothing over and above"" the physical, or that everything supervenes on the physical. Physicalism is a form of ontological monism—a ""one substance"" view of the nature of reality as opposed to a ""two-substance"" (dualism) or ""many-substance"" (pluralism) view. Both the definition of ""physical"" and the meaning of physicalism have been debated.Physicalism is closely related to materialism. Physicalism grew out of materialism with the success of the physical sciences in explaining observed phenomena. The terms are often used interchangeably, although they are sometimes distinguished, for example on the basis of physics describing more than just matter (including energy and physical law). Common arguments against physicalism include both the philosophical zombie argument and the multiple observers argument, that the existence of a physical being may imply zero or more distinct conscious entities.