Document de Travail, Seconde Édition
... Defining a study object – in our case, the planet’s largest cities – was the first problem that needed to be addressed when
tackling this study. Although it is easy to establish a size based on which an urban agglomeration can be considered to be
“large” – for instance, population – this presents so ...
a decade of the pan-african parliament: prospects
... way out for the emancipation of the continent from economic, social and political problems. This
proposal became contentious since the Casablanca group led by Ghana, advocated an instant
United Africa while the Nigeria led Monrovia group favoured a loose cooperation of States. As
such, a compromise ...
emergence of a distinctive canadian parliamentary
... publication of a “Green Paper” or discussion paper entitled “Members of Parliament and
Conflict of Interest”. This was followed by numerous studies, reports, conferences and
parliamentary hearings. Legislation was introduced in 1978, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993 and
2003, but all died on the Order Paper. ...
DRAFT CONSTITUTION FOR A FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF SOMALIA
... effective running of the affairs of the States.
5.7 (a) There shall be a President of each
State who shall be the Executive Head of that
State and shall be elected by the people
of the State in a General Election.
(b) (i) The state President shall hold office for a term of five (5) years
Double Jeopardy and Dual Sovereignty: The Impact of Benton v
... companion cases of Bartkus v. Illinois' and Abbate v. United States'
were handed down. However, in 1969, in Benton v. Maryland8 the
double jeopardly clause of the fifth amendment was made applicable to
the states through its incorporation into the due process clause of the
fourteenth amendment. A re ...
... Federalism: Definitions and Theoretical Perspectives
A. In a federal system, two or more governments exercise power and authority over the
same people and the same territory. In the United States, government power is divided
between the national government and the states.
1. The U.S. Constitution sp ...
Framework Laws and the Primacy of the Legislature
... legislative decisions are gradually transformed into more neutral-looking administrative or
organisational problems, which may then be settled by executive bodies, by administrative agencies,
or by other non-elected private regulators?5
The idea of comparing the role of the national legislature with ...
Immunity of Congressional Speech
... presentment made by the Grand Jury of the Circuit Court at Richmond,
Virginia, which had criticized some members of Congress, including
one from Virginia, for disseminating what they called "unfounded
calumnies against the happy government of the United States." Jefferson wrote:
"that in order to gi ...
... legislature. This usually reduces the relative inﬂuence of individual elected
members of the legislature, as it is rare that members of the governing
party vote against a government-supported initiative. However, at the
federal level there were a series of “minority governments,” from 2004 –
2011, w ...
... and, finally, the "revision" of the vote and repeal of the decision to appoint the Prosecutor General when the person
had already been sworn in and officially assumed office is a clear indication of the dependence of the institution of the
Prosecutor on Parliament and its implicit dependence on the ...
Government in NSW - Parliament of NSW
... the houses of
parliament, Governor, executive
government, judiciary, finances,
government agencies and local
government can operate. It is an
Act of Parliament introduced
in 1902 after Federation, and
followed on from several earlier
Acts. It has been amended many
times since. Most of it can be
A dual mandate is the practice in which elected officials serve in more than one elected or other public position simultaneously. This practice is sometimes known as double jobbing in Britain (not to be confused with double dipping in the United States, i. e. being employed by and receiving a retirement pension from the same public authority at the same time). Thus, if someone who is already mayor of a town or city councillor becomes elected as MP or senator at the national or state legislature and retains both positions, this is a dual mandate.Dual mandates are sometimes prohibited by law. For example, in federal states, federal office holders are often not permitted to hold state office. In states with separation of powers, membership of the executive, the legislature or the judiciary disqualifies during that membership a person from holding office in either of the other two bodies. In states with bicameral legislatures, one cannot simultaneously be a member of both houses. The holder of one office who wins election to another where a dual mandate is prohibited must either resign the former office or refuse the new one.