Working Group 4: Urban Governance for Risk Reduction
... • Market forces have greatly influenced the urban development
planning in the past one or two decades in many Asian
countries. The market forces can play significant role in
influencing the climate risk adaptation measures in
development planning and that should harnessed in
mainstreaming adaptation ...
Decentralisation and local and regional development
... development. In particular it tackles two questions: a) does decentralisation foster
regional and local development? and b) can decentralization be factor pushing income
and living standards convergence across provinces or subnational territories? The
paper aims to develop conceptual analyses in ord ...
Social Urbanism – Integrated and participatory urban upgrading in
... Goethert (1997) argue that people living in deprived neighbourhoods are more eager to participate than
others which can influence political and planning decision through other means. What is needed is the
support of external actors (public or private agencies) in terms of funding, organization and p ...
District Planning in Kerala
District Planning is the process of planning covering all local governments in a district based on a district-level development policy and integrating the district and sub-district plans of all the local governments into a consolidated district plan which will later be integrated with the state plan. The District Planning process will take into account the resources (natural, human and financial) and the extent of legal responsibilities assigned to the district and below level governments, during the preparation of the district plan.The history of district planning in Kerala is that of intermittent attempts, partial successes and long neglect. It doesn't show any promising growth pattern. But there were many attempts started with sincerity and ended without any worthy output; all those attempts were good learning examples worthy of learning the bottlenecks. A brief history of those attempts is as follows: